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A TIME'S MEMORY - Flu, Bugs & Other Accidents Blog - Year: XIII - Here, Reader, you will find many items if your interests are in the field of emerging threats to global or public health, with a perspective that is not mainstream. Thank to You for the interest!

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18 May 2018

Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N1, #Nepal [a #poultry #outbreak] (#OIE, May 18 ‘18)

          

Title:

Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N1, #Nepal [a #poultry #outbreak].

Subject:

Avian Influenza, H5N1 subtype, poultry epizootics in Nepal.

Source:

OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code:

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1, Nepal

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Information received on 18/05/2018 from Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Doctor, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Livestock Development, NEPAL, Nepal

  • Summary
    • Report type    Immediate notification
    • Date of start of the event    03/05/2018
    • Date of confirmation of the event    15/05/2018
    • Report date    18/05/2018
    • Date submitted to OIE    18/05/2018
    • Reason for notification    Recurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence    10/03/2017
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N1
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    • This event pertains to    the whole country
  • New outbreaks
    • Summary of outbreaks   
      • Total outbreaks: 1
        • Outbreak Location: Narayani ( Khairehani-9, Khairehani, Chitwon )
          • Total animals affected:    Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Killed and disposed of    - Slaughtered
            • Birds     - 1500     - 1500     - 1500     - 0     - 0
    • Outbreak statistics:    Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
      • Birds    - 100.00%    - 100.00%    - 100.00%    - 100.00%
        • * Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter;
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Epidemiological comments   
    • Commercial layers of 72 weeks, reared by the farmer, started exhibiting symptoms of cyanotic comb, mucus discharge from nostril, swollen head, and sudden death. Loss of egg production and feed consumption were observed.
    • Free ranged local domestic ducks nearby the infected farm started to die 2 weeks earlier.
    • However, this mortality was not reported.
    • Birds in the affected farm died within two weeks time.
    • Dead birds were disposed of in the disposal pit nearby the farm with proper disinfection.
    • Stamping out of the birds in the infected zone has started.
    • The number of birds stamped out in the infected zone will be reported in the follow-up reports.
  • Control measures
    • Measures applied   
      • Movement control inside the country
      • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
      • Screening
      • Quarantine
      • Official destruction of animal products
      • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
      • Stamping out
      • Disinfection
      • Vaccination prohibited
      • No treatment of affected animals
    • Measures to be applied   
      • No other measures
  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type    - Central Veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor ( National laboratory )
      • Tests and results:    Species    - Test    - Test date    - Result
        • Birds    - rapid tests    - 15/05/2018    - Positive
        • Birds    - real-time PCR    - 15/05/2018    - Positive
  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N1 ; Poultry; Nepal.

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