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#Update: Increase in #Human #Infections with #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 Viruses During the 5th #Epidemic — #China, Oct. ‘16–Aug. 7 ‘17 (@CDCgov, edited)

Title : #Update: Increase in #Human #Infections with #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 Viruses During the 5th #Epidemic — #China, Oct. ‘16–Aug. 7 ‘17....

17 Jul 2017

#Equine #influenza #H3N8, #Israel [seven horses’ outbreaks] (#OIE, Jul 17 ‘17)


Title: #Equine #influenza #H3N8, #Israel [seven horses’ outbreaks].

Subject: Equine Influenza, H3N8 subtype, horses’ epizootics in Israel.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Equine influenza H3N8, Israel

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Information received on 16/07/2017 from Dr Nadav Galon, Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, BET DAGAN, Israel

  • Summary
    • Report type  Immediate notification
    • Date of start of the event  08/06/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event  15/07/2017
    • Report date  16/07/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE  17/07/2017
    • Reason for notification  Recurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence  11/2013
    • Manifestation of disease  Clinical disease
    • Causal agent  Equine influenza virus
    • Serotype  H3N8
    • Nature of diagnosis  Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to  a defined zone within the country
  • New outbreaks
    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 7
        • Outbreak Location:
          • HAMERKAZ ( MA''AS, Petach-Tiqwa QIDRON, Rehovot NEZER SERENI, Ramala )
          • HADAROM ( TEL SHEVA, Beer-Sheva )
          • HAZAFON ( NAHARIYYA, Acco ZIPPORI, Yizreel )
          • HAIFA ( PARDES HANNA-KARKUR, Hadera )
      • Total animals affected:  Species -  Susceptible -  Cases -  Deaths -  Killed and disposed of – Slaughtered
        • Equidae  -  135  -  73  -  0  -  0  -  0
      • Outbreak statistics:  Species -  Apparent morbidity rate -  Apparent mortality rate -  Apparent case fatality rate -  Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Equidae -  54.07% -  0.00% -  0.00% -  0.00%
          • * Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter;
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      •   Unknown or inconclusive
  • Epidemiological comments
    • A febrile disease was reported in mid-June. Nasal swabs and blood samples were collected from suspected stables.
    • Equine influenza is not common in Israel and was not detected since 11/2013.
    • The samples were sent for confirmation to the OIE reference laboratory.
  • Control measures
    • Measures applied
      • Movement control inside the country
      • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
      • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
      • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
      • Screening
      • Quarantine
      • Zoning
      • Disinfection
      • No treatment of affected animals
    • Measures to be applied
      • No other measures
  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type -  Kimron Veterinary Institute ( National laboratory )
      • Tests and results:  Species –  Test -  Test date -  Result
        • Equidae -  real-time PCR -  26/06/2017 -  Positive
      • Laboratory name and type -  Irish Equine Center - Ireland ( OIE Reference Laboratory )
        • Tests and results -  Species -  Test -  Test date -  Result
          • Equidae -  reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) -  15/07/2017 -  Positive
  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
       

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Equine Influenza; H3N8 ; Horses; Israel.

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