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#Update: Increase in #Human #Infections with #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 Viruses During the 5th #Epidemic — #China, Oct. ‘16–Aug. 7 ‘17 (@CDCgov, edited)

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22 Feb 2017

The #EU #summary #report on #antimicrobial #resistance in #zoonotic and indicator #bacteria from #humans, #animals and #food in 2015 (@ECDC_EU)

 

Title: The #EU #summary #report on #antimicrobial #resistance in #zoonotic and indicator #bacteria from #humans, #animals and #food in 2015.

Subject: Antibiotics Resistance, zoonotic bacteria in human, animal and food.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full PDF file: (LINK). Summary.

Code: [     ]

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ADOPTED: 26 January 2017 / doi: 10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4694

The European Union summary report on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria from humans, animals and food in 2015

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European Food Safety Authority European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

Acknowledgements:

EFSA and ECDC wish to thank the members of the Scientific Network for Zoonoses Monitoring Data (EFSA) and the Food- and Waterborne Diseases and Zoonoses Network (ECDC) who provided the data and reviewed the report and the members of the Scientific Network for Zoonoses Monitoring Data, for their endorsement of this scientific report.

Also, the contribution of EFSA staff members: Pierre-Alexandre Belœil, Beatriz Guerra, Anca-Violeta Stoicescu, Kenneth Mulligan, Francesca Riolo and Krisztina Nagy, the contributions of ECDC staff member: Therese Westrell, and the contributions of EFSA’s contractor: Christopher Teale (Animal and Plant Health Agency – United Kingdom), for the support provided to this scientific report.

Suggested citation: EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) and ECDC (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control), 2017. The European Union summary report on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria from humans, animals and food in 2015. EFSA Journal 2017;15(2):4694, 212 pp. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4694

ISSN: 1831-4732

© 2017 European Food Safety Authority and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and no modifications or adaptations are made.

The EFSA Journal is a publication of the European Food Safety Authority, an agency of the European Union.

 

Abstract

  • The data on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria in 2015, submitted by 28 EU Member States (MSs), were jointly analysed by EFSA and ECDC.
  • Resistance in zoonotic Salmonella and Campylobacter from humans, animals and food, and resistance in indicator Escherichia coli as well as meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in animals and food were addressed.
  • ‘Microbiological’ resistance was assessed using epidemiological cut-off (ECOFF) values; for some countries, qualitative data on human isolates were interpreted in a way which corresponds closely to the ECOFF-defined ‘microbiological’ resistance.
  • In Salmonella from humans, high proportions of isolates were resistant to ampicillin, sulfonamides and tetracyclines, whereas resistance to third-generation cephalosporins was low.
  • In Salmonella and Escherichia coli isolates from fattening pigs and calves under one year of age, resistance to ampicillin, tetracyclines and sulfonamides was frequently detected, whereas resistance to third-generation cephalosporins was uncommon.
  • For the first time, presumptive extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-/AmpC-/carbapenemase-production in Salmonella and Escherichia coli was monitored in humans (Salmonella), meat (pork and beef), fattening pigs and calves.
  • Varying occurrence/ prevalence rates of ESBL-/AmpC-producers were observed between countries, and carbapenemaseproducing Escherichia coli were detected in single samples of pig meat and from fattening pigs from two MSs.
  • Resistance to colistin was observed at low levels in Salmonella and Escherichia coli from fattening pigs and calves under one year of age and meat thereof.
  • In Campylobacter from humans, high to extremely high proportions of isolates were resistant to ciprofloxacin and tetracyclines, particularly in C. coli.
  • In a few countries, a third to half of C. coli in humans were resistant also to erythromycin, leaving few options for treatment of severe Campylobacter infections.
  • High resistance to ciprofloxacin and tetracyclines was observed in C. coli isolates from fattening pigs, whereas much lower levels were recorded for erythromycin.
  • Co-resistance to critically important antimicrobials in both human and animal isolates was generally uncommon.

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© 2017 European Food Safety Authority and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.

Keywords: antimicrobial resistance, zoonotic bacteria, indicator bacteria, ESBL

Requestor: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2015-00657 Correspondence: zoonoses@efsa.europa.eu (EFSA); FWD@ecdc.europa.eu (ECDC)

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Keywords: ECDC; EU; European Region; Antibiotics; Drugs Resistance; Human; Food Safety; Pigs.

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