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#Update: Increase in #Human #Infections with #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 Viruses During the 5th #Epidemic — #China, Oct. ‘16–Aug. 7 ‘17 (@CDCgov, edited)

Title : #Update: Increase in #Human #Infections with #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 Viruses During the 5th #Epidemic — #China, Oct. ‘16–Aug. 7 ‘17....

15 Feb 2017

#China, sixteen #provinces reported #human cases of #H7N9 #influenza so far this season (Xinhua, Feb. 15 ‘17)

 

Title: China, sixteen provinces reported human cases of H7N9 influenza so far this season.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype, widespread activity across China.

Source: Xinhua, full page: (LINK). Article in Chinese, edited.

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16 Provinces Reported H7N9 Human Cases, NHFPC to strengthen the epidemic prevention and control

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2017-02-15 21:50:45 / Source: Xinhua News Agency

Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, February 15 (Reporter Lvnuo) reporter on the 15th from the National Health and Health Committee was informed that this year, a total of 16 provinces in the country reported infection of H7N9 cases of avian influenza. Among them, 192 cases were reported in January, 79 cases died. At present, China H7N9 cases increased, but the overall characteristics of the epidemic has not changed, prevention and treatment work is actively carried out.

Winter and spring is H7N9 and other high incidence of respiratory tract infection season. Su Yuelong, deputy director of the National Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and director of the National Influenza Center, said that since the beginning of last year, due to climate and other factors, the global avian flu epidemic situation was high, affecting Asia, Europe, the Middle East nearly 40 Countries and regions.

China H7N9 epidemic cases increased, the distribution of regional wide, high degree of distribution, the majority of cases distributed in the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta region.

But the overall characteristics of the epidemic have not changed, exposure to infected poultry or exposure to live poultry market is an important risk factor for human infection. The available evidence suggests that the virus does not yet cause inter-human transmission.

China National Center for Disease Control and Emergency Center Ni Daxin, deputy director of the National Health and Health Committee to further study the layout of the epidemic prevention and control work, strengthen the territorial responsibility, play a joint defense mechanism of action, to promote the implementation of source control measures, requiring cases and external environmental virus detection.

Some regions closed to live poultry business market. Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui, Guangdong and other provinces and cities in some cities and regions to take this measure, the new cases were significantly reduced or no new cases appear; to strengthen the control of poultry to the field of control, to strengthen the live quarantine and cleaning, Preventive measures to actively promote the implementation of the epidemic to prohibit the implementation of live poultry trade, promote the transformation and upgrading of poultry industry and the implementation of frozen goods market circulation and other long-term measures.

From the current situation, H7N9 avian influenza patients showed a total mortality rate of about 40%. Beijing Ditan Hospital Infection Center chief physician Chen Zhihai said that the existing antiviral drugs such as oral oseltamivir, intravenous infusion of peramivir, can effectively inhibit the influenza virus. However, the sooner the effect of these drugs the better, the higher the mortality rate of patients is mainly missed the best time to treat. Therefore, patients with fever as soon as possible treatment, early use of antiviral drugs.

It is understood that the National Health and Health Committee in strengthening the epidemic monitoring and risk assessment at the same time, strengthen patient treatment, improve the treatment program, increase grass-roots frontline medical staff training, strengthen screening and early diagnosis, efforts to achieve early detection, Early diagnosis, early treatment, to reduce the incidence of serious cases; deployment of medical resources to protect the medical facilities, medicines and protective equipment and other supplies, to strengthen the severe treatment, to minimize mortality.

Experts suggest that the public should avoid contact with live birds in their daily lives, and do not touch dead poultry, especially in winter and spring and outbreaks. If you want to wash your hands as soon as possible, you should try to change the living habits of buying and consuming live birds and purchase quarantined cold poultry, chilled poultry and their products. Raw poultry meat and eggs must be cooked thoroughly cooked, processed raw poultry meat and eggs to thoroughly wash their hands; food processing to be cooked and cooked to separate; if fever and respiratory symptoms, should wear a mask, as soon as possible Treatment.

Recently, the National Health Commission in two meetings with agriculture, industry and commerce, food and drug supervision and other departments to form a joint steering group, the provincial key provinces to carry out supervision and control work to guide the implementation of local control measures to strengthen.

According to statistics, from February 6 to 12 a week, the national reporter infected H7N9 avian influenza cases 69 cases, died 8; 12 to 14, the national epidemic showed a downward trend, reported the number of cases were 3 cases, 1 case and 4 cases.

Experts predict that the most recent period, China will still have H7N9 scattered cases reported. State Health Commission, spokesman Song Shuli said that the law will be published in accordance with the law and prevention and control work progress, timely response to public concern. At present, the epidemic has been released from the month of temporary adjustment for the week.

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Keywords: China; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Human; poultry.

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