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#Update: Increase in #Human #Infections with #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 Viruses During the 5th #Epidemic — #China, Oct. ‘16–Aug. 7 ‘17 (@CDCgov, edited)

Title : #Update: Increase in #Human #Infections with #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 Viruses During the 5th #Epidemic — #China, Oct. ‘16–Aug. 7 ‘17....

7 Dec 2016

Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Denmark [seventeen #wildbirds #epizootics] (#OIE, Dec. 7 ‘16)

 

Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Denmark [seventeen #wildbirds #epizootics].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, wild birds epizootics in Denmark.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Denmark

Information received on 07/12/2016 from Dr Per Starcke Henriksen, Chief Veterinary Officer, Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, Glostrup, Denmark

  • Summary
    • Report type Follow-up report No. 3
    • Date of start of the event 08/11/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event 10/11/2016
    • Report date 06/12/2016
    • Date submitted to OIE 07/12/2016
    • Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence 2006
    • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    • Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to the whole country
    • Related reports
      • Immediate notification (11/11/2016) / Follow-up report No. 1 (17/11/2016) / Follow-up report No. 2 (21/11/2016) / Follow-up report No. 3 (06/12/2016)
  • New outbreaks (17)
    • Outbreak 1 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/11) - Rødvig, Stevns, EAST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 16/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Great black-backed Gull:Larus marinus(Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population On November 16th, a great black-backed gull (Larus marinus) was found dead near the town Rødvig.
    • Outbreak 2 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/12) - Præstø, Vordingborg, EAST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 17/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Great black-backed Gull:Larus marinus(Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 17th, a great black-backed gull (Larus marinus) was found dead in Præstø harbor.
    • Outbreak 3 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/10) - Kattinge Værk, Roskilde, EAST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 17/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Great black-backed Gull:Larus marinus(Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) – … – 2 – 2 – 0 – 0
        • Mew Gull:Larus canus(Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
        • Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 17th, two mute swans (Cygnus olor), a great black-backed gull (Larus marinus), a common gull (Larus canus) and a tufted duck (Aythya fuligula) were found dead near Kattinge Værk.
    • Outbreak 4 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/14) - Skelde, Sønderborg, WEST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 17/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Common Eider:Somateria mollissima(Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 17th, a common eider was found dead near the village Skelde.
    • Outbreak 5 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/16) - Bønnerup, Norddjurs, WEST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 17/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Great black-backed Gull:Larus marinus(Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 17th, a great black-backed gull (Larus marinus) was found dead near the Bønnerup harbor.
    • Outbreak 6 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/13) - Køge, Køge, EAST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 18/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Black-headed Gull:Larus ridibundus(Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 18th, a black-headed gull was found dead in Køge harbor.
    • Outbreak 7 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/15) - Eskemose skov, Rudersdal, EAST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 18/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Forest
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 18th, a tufted duck (Aythya fuligula) was found dead near Eskemose forest.
    • Outbreak 8 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/17) - Ry, Skanderborg, WEST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 19/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 19th, a mute swan (Cygnus olor) was found dead in the town Ry.
    • Outbreak 9 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/18) - Værløse, Furesø, EAST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 20/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible  - Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 20th, a tufted duck (Aythya fuligula) was found dead near Værløse.
    • Outbreak 10 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/19) - Damhussøen, København, EAST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 20/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals:  Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) – … – 2 – 2 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 20th, two dead tufted duck (Aythya fuligula) were found near Damhussøen in Copenhagen.
    • Outbreak 11 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/20) - Ølsemagle Revle, Køge, EAST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 22/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 22th, a mute swan (Cygnus olor) was found dead near Ølsemagle Revle near the town Køge.
    • Outbreak 12 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/22) - Glenstrup, Mariagerfjord, WEST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 22/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 22th, a common buzzard (Buteo buteo) was found dead near Glenstrup in the municipality Mariagerfjord.
    • Outbreak 13 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/21) - Pipstorn, Faaborg-Midtfyn, EAST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 22/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Forest
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 22th, a common buzzard (Buteo buteo) was found dead near Pipstorn, a forest near Faaborg on the Island Funen.
    • Outbreak 14 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/23) - Årsdale, Bornholm, EAST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 23/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Great black-backed Gull:Larus marinus(Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 23th, a great black-backed gull (Larus marinus) was found dead near the Årsdale harbor on the Island Bornholm.
    • Outbreak 15 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/24) - Svendborg, Svendborg, EAST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 23/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Herring Gull:Larus argentatus(Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 23th, a European herring gull (Larus argentatus) was found dead in the town Svendborg.
    • Outbreak 16 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/25) - Roneklint, Vordingborg, EAST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 23/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • White-tailed Eagle:Haliaeetus albicilla(Accipitridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 23th, a white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) was found dead near Roneklint.
    • Outbreak 17 (HPAIwb H5N8 2016/26) - Øster Hæsinge, Faaborg-Midtfyn, EAST
      • Date of start of the outbreak 25/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: On November 25th, a common buzzard (Buteo buteo) was found dead near Øster Hæsinge on the Island Funen.
    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 17
        • Total animals affected: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
          • Great black-backed Gull:Larus marinus(Laridae) – … – 5 – 5 – 0 – 0
          • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) – … – 4 – 4 – 0 – 0
          • Mew Gull:Larus canus(Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) – … – 5 – 5 – 0 – 0
          • Common Eider:Somateria mollissima(Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Black-headed Gull:Larus ridibundus(Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae) – … – 3 – 3 – 0 – 0
          • Herring Gull:Larus argentatus(Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • White-tailed Eagle:Haliaeetus albicilla(Accipitridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
        • Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate  - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
          • Great black-backed Gull:Larus marinus(Laridae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • Mew Gull:Larus canus(Laridae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • Common Eider:Somateria mollissima(Anatidae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • Black-headed Gull:Larus ridibundus(Laridae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae) – ** – ** -  100.00% – **
          • Herring Gull:Larus argentatus(Laridae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • White-tailed Eagle:Haliaeetus albicilla(Accipitridae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
            • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
            • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Contact with wild species
  • Epidemiological comments
    • Only one outbreak in this event has occurred in poultry.
    • The affected holding is a hobby backyard holding reported in follow-up report no 2.
    • The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration (DVFA) has stamped out the affected backyard holding.
    • The disinfection of the holding was approved on November 22nd.
    • DVFA has established protection and surveillance zones around the affected holding and has implemented the necessary measures in accordance with EU legislation.
  • Control measures
    • Measures applied
      • Movement control inside the country
      • Disinfection / Disinfestation
      • Traceability
      • Stamping out
      • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
      • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
      • Zoning
      • Vaccination prohibited
      • o treatment of affected animals
    • Measures to be applied
      • No other measures
  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; H5N8; Avian Influenza; Wild Birds; Denmark.

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