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#Update: Increase in #Human #Infections with #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 Viruses During the 5th #Epidemic — #China, Oct. ‘16–Aug. 7 ‘17 (@CDCgov, edited)

Title : #Update: Increase in #Human #Infections with #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 Viruses During the 5th #Epidemic — #China, Oct. ‘16–Aug. 7 ‘17....

7 Nov 2016

Global #Epidemiological #update: #Outbreaks of #Zika virus and related #complications (@ECDC_EU, Nov. 7 ‘16)

 

Title: Global #Epidemiological #update: #Outbreaks of #Zika virus and related #complications.

Subject: Zika Virus Infection and related complications, weekly global epidemiological update.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Epidemiological update: Outbreaks of Zika virus and complications potentially linked to the Zika virus infection

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07 Nov 2016

 

​Weekly summary

  • Since 1 February 2016, Zika virus infection and the related clusters of microcephaly cases and other neurological disorders constitute a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC).
    • Since 2015, and as of 3 November 2016, there have been 70 countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne transmission of the virus.
    • According to WHO and as of 26 October 2016, 23 countries or territories have reported microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations in newborns potentially associated with Zika virus infection.
  • In the USA, 7 new locally-acquired cases have been reported in Florida since the last CDTR, bringing the cumulative number of locally-acquired cases to 188.
  • Bolivia and Vietnam have both confirmed the first microcephaly case potentially associated with Zika virus infection.
  • ECDC Zika map: The last reported case in Broward County, Florida, was reported on 29 July 2016. Therefore, Broward County will be represented as 'past transmission'.
  • ECDC published the ninth update of the Zika rapid risk assessment on 28 October.

 

Update on number of cases

  • USA
    • Five locally-acquired cases were recorded in Florida during the last week.
    • To date, 188 locally-acquired and 776 imported cases of Zika have been reported in Florida.
    • The distribution of the locally-acquired cases is as follows: 176 in Miami-Dade County, five in Palm Beach County, one in Pinellas County and one in Broward County.
    • The location of exposure for the remaining cases is still under investigation.
  • EU/EEA imported cases
    • Since July 2015 (week 26), 20 countries (Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) have reported 1 944 travel-associated Zika virus infections through The European Surveillance System (TESSy).
    • Over the same time period, seven EU countries reported 91 Zika cases among pregnant women.
  • Since February 2016, 12 countries have reported evidence of person-to-person transmission of Zika virus, probably via a sexual route.

 

Update on microcephaly and/or central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection

 

ECDC Asessment

  • The spread of the Zika virus in the Americas and Asia is likely to continue as the vectors (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes) are widely distributed there.
  • The likelihood of travel-related cases in the EU is increasing.
  • A detailed risk assessment was published on 28 October 2016.
  • As neither treatment nor vaccines are available, prevention is based on personal protection measures.
  • Pregnant women should consider postponing non-essential travel to Zika-affected areas.

 

Countries and territories with reported confirmed autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection in the past three months, as of 4 November 2016

[Countries affected in the past 3 months  - Areas (non-tropical countries only)  - Type of transmission]

  1. American Samoa – … - Widespread transmission
  2. Anguilla  - … - Widespread transmission
  3. Antigua and Barbuda  - … - Widespread transmission
  4. Aruba  - … - Widespread transmission
  5. Bahamas  - … - Widespread transmission
  6. Barbados  - … - Widespread transmission
  7. Belize  - … - Widespread transmission
  8. Bolivia  - … - Widespread transmission
  9. Bonaire  - … - Widespread transmission
  10. Brazil  - … - Widespread transmission
  11. British Virgin Islands (UK)  - … - Sporadic transmission
  12. Cayman Islands  - … - Widespread transmission
  13. Colombia  - … - Widespread transmission
  14. Costa Rica  - … - Widespread transmission
  15. Cuba  - … - Sporadic transmission
  16. Curaçao  - … - Widespread transmission
  17. Dominica  - … - Widespread transmission
  18. Dominican Republic  - … - Widespread transmission
  19. Ecuador  - … - Widespread transmission
  20. El Salvador  - … - Widespread transmission
  21. Fiji  - … - Widespread transmission
  22. French Guiana  - … - Widespread transmission
  23. Grenada  - … - Widespread transmission
  24. Guadeloupe  - … - Widespread transmission
  25. Guatemala  - … - Widespread transmission
  26. Haiti  - … - Widespread transmission
  27. Honduras  - … - Widespread transmission
  28. Jamaica  - … - Widespread transmission
  29. Malaysia  - … - Sporadic transmission
  30. Maldives  - … - Sporadic transmission
  31. Martinique  - … - Widespread transmission
  32. Mexico  - … - Widespread transmission
  33. Micronesia, Federated States of  - … - Widespread transmission
  34. Nicaragua  - … - Widespread transmission
  35. Panama  - … - Widespread transmission
  36. Paraguay  - … - Widespread transmission
  37. Peru  - … - Widespread transmission
  38. Philippines – … - Widespread transmission
  39. Puerto Rico  - … - Widespread transmission
  40. Saba  - … - Sporadic transmission
  41. Saint Kitts and Nevis  - … - Widespread transmission
  42. Saint Lucia  - … - Widespread transmission
  43. Saint Martin  - … - Widespread transmission
  44. Saint-Barthélemy  - … - Widespread transmission
  45. ​Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  - … - ​Widespread transmission
  46. Singapore  - … - Widespread transmission
  47. Sint Eustatius  - … - Widespread transmission
  48. Sint Maarten  - … - Widespread transmission
  49. ​Solomon Islands  - … - ​Sporadic transmission
  50. Suriname  - … - Widespread transmission
  51. Thailand  - … - Widespread transmission
  52. Trinidad and Tobago  - … - Widespread transmission
  53. United States of America  - Miami-Dade  - Widespread transmission
  54. United States of America  - Palm Beach  - Sporadic transmission
  55. US Virgin Islands  - … - Widespread transmission
  56. Venezuela  - … - Widespread transmission
  57. Vietnam  - … - Widespread transmission
  58. United States of America  - Pinellas  - Sporadic transmission
    • ___
    • The classification of countries above is based on:
      • 1) number of reported autochthonous confirmed cases;
      • 2) number of countries who report a zika virus transmission or a country’s transmission status changes;
      • 3) duration of the circulation.
 
All latest ECDC maps with information on countries or territories with reported confirmed autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection

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See more at: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/press/news/_layouts/forms/News_DispForm.aspx?ID=1505&List=8db7286c-fe2d-476c-9133-18ff4cb1b568&Source=http%3A%2F%2Fecdc%2Eeuropa%2Eeu%2Fen%2FPages%2Fhome%2Easpx#sthash.AlAFn62V.dpuf

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Keywords: ECDC; Updates; Worldwide; Zika Virus.

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