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14 Oct 2016

#Zika Virus, #Global #Epidemiological #situation as of 14 October 2016 (@ECDC_EU, edited)

 

Title: #Zika Virus, #Global #Epidemiological #situation as of 14 October 2016.

Subject: Zika Virus, weekly global epidemiological update.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Zika Virus, Global Epidemiological situation as of 14 October 2016

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Weekly summary

  • Since 2015, and as of 14 October 2016, there have been 69 countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne transmission of the virus.
    • According to WHO and as of 13 October 2016, 22 countries or territories have reported microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations in newborns potentially associated with Zika virus infection.
  • In the USA, 14 new locally-acquired cases have been reported in Florida since the last CDTR, bringing the cumulative number of locally-acquired cases to 155.
  • In Mexico, the Ministry of Health has reported the first five cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome linked to Zika virus infection.
    • The cases are reported from the South of Mexico: Tabasco, Chiapas, Guerrero and Quintana Roo States.
    • Three of the cases are males and the mean age is 18 years.
  • In ECDC map, the status of Argentina and Fiji has changed to ‘past transmission’ as no new cases have been reported in the last three months.
  • ECDC is preparing the ninth update of the rapid risk assessment to be published on 19 October.

 

Update on number of cases

  • The USA
    • Fourteen locally-acquired cases have been recorded in Florida over the past week.
    • To date, 155 locally-acquired and 736 imported cases of Zika have been reported in Florida.
    • The distribution of the locally-acquired cases is as follows: 145 in Miami-Dade, seven in Palm beach, one in Pinellas and one in Broward.
    • The other case is a Broward County resident and investigation is ongoing to determine where exposure occurred.
  • EU/EEA imported cases:
    • Since July 2015 (week 26), 19 countries (Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) have reported 1 918 travel-associated Zika virus infections through The European Surveillance System (TESSy).
    • Over the same time period, seven EU countries reported 92 Zika cases among pregnant women.
  • EU’s Outermost Regions and Territories
    • As of 6 October 2016:
      • Martinique:
        • 36 445 suspected cases have been reported, an increase of 90 since the previous week. The weekly number of cases has been decreasing.
      • French Guiana:
        • 9 790 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 20 cases since the previous week. The weekly number of cases decreased. According to the regional situation report, the epidemic is over.
      • Guadeloupe:
        • 30 590 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 90 suspected cases since the previous week. The weekly number of cases has been decreasing.
      • St Barthélemy:
        • 770 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 30 suspected cases since the previous week. The weekly number of cases is stable.
      • St Martin:
        • 2 595 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 60 suspected cases since the previous week. The weekly number of cases is stable.
  • Since February 2016, 12 countries have reported evidence of person-to-person transmission of Zika virus, probably via a sexual route.

 

Update on microcephaly and/or central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection

 

ECDC assessment

  • The spread of the Zika virus in the Americas and Asia is likely to continue as the vectors (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes) are widely distributed there.
  • The likelihood of travel-related cases in the EU is increasing.
  • A detailed risk assessment was published on 30 August 2016.
  • As neither treatment nor vaccines are available, prevention is based on personal protection measures.
  • Pregnant women should consider postponing non-essential travel to Zika-affected areas.

 

Countries and territories with reported confirmed autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection in the past three months, as of 14 October 2016 

[Countries affected in past 3 months - Areas (non-tropical countries only) - Type of transmission]

  1. American Samoa – … - Widespread transmission
  2. ​​Anguilla – … - ​Widespread transmission
  3. Argentina – … - Tucumán Province - Widespread transmission
  4. ​Antigua and Barbuda – … - ​Widespread transmission
  5. ​Barbados – … - ​Widespread transmission
  6. Bolivia – … - Widespread transmission
  7. ​Bonaire – … - ​Widespread transmission
  8. Brazil – … - Widespread transmission
  9. Cape Verde – … - Widespread transmission
  10. Colombia – … - Widespread transmission
  11. Costa Rica – … - Widespread transmission
  12. Curaçao – … - Widespread transmission
  13. Dominica – … - Widespread transmission
  14. ​Dominican Republic – … - ​Widespread transmission
  15. Ecuador – … - Widespread transmission
  16. El Salvador – … - Widespread transmission
  17. Fiji – … - Widespread transmission
  18. French Guiana – … - Widespread transmission
  19. Guadeloupe – … - Widespread transmission
  20. Guatemala – … - Widespread transmission
  21. Haiti – … - Widespread transmission
  22. Honduras – … - Widespread transmission
  23. Jamaica – … - Widespread transmission
  24. Martinique – … - Widespread transmission
  25. Mexico – … - Widespread transmission
  26. Micronesia, Federated States of – … - Widespread transmission
  27. Nicaragua – … - Widespread transmission
  28. Panama – … - Widespread transmission
  29. Paraguay  - … - Widespread transmission
  30. Peru – … - Widespread transmission
  31. ​Philippines​​ – … - ​​Widespread transmission​
  32. Puerto Rico – … - Widespread transmission
  33. Saint Lucia – … - Widespread transmission
  34. Saint Martin – … - Widespread transmission
  35. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – … - Widespread transmission
  36. Saint-Barthélemy – … - Widespread transmission
  37. Samoa – … - Widespread transmission
  38. ​Singapore – … - ​Widespread transmission
  39. Sint Maarten – … - Widespread transmission
  40. Suriname – … - Widespread transmission
  41. Thailand – … - Widespread transmission
  42. Trinidad and Tobago – … - Widespread transmission
  43. US Virgin Islands – … - Widespread transmission
  44. United States of America - ​​Florida (Miami-Dade county) - ​Widespread transmission
  45. ​​​United States of America - ​Florida (Broward, Palm Beach and Pinellas  counties) - ​Sporadic transmission
  46. ​​​​Venezuela – … - ​Widespread transmission
  47. Antigua and Barbuda – … - Sporadic transmission
  48. ​Bahamas – … - ​Sporadic transmission
  49. ​British Virgin Island (UK)  - … - ​Sporadic transmission
  50. ​Cayman Islands – … - Sporadic transmission
  51. ​Cuba – … - ​Sporadic transmission
  52. Grenada – … - Sporadic transmission
  53. Guinea-Bissau – … - Sporadic transmission
  54. ​Malaysia – … - Sporadic transmission​
  55. Saba – … - Sporadic transmission
  56. ​Saint Kitts and Nevis – … - Sporadic transmission
  57. ​Sint Eustatius – … - ​Sporadic transmission
  58. Turks and Caicos Islands – … - Sporadic transmission
  59. ​Vietnam – … - ​Sporadic transmission
    • The classification of countries above is based on:
      • 1) number of reported autochthonous confirmed cases;
      • 2) number of countries who report a zika virus transmission or a country’s transmission status changes;
      • 3) duration of the circulation.

​(…)

All latest ECDC maps with information on countries or territories with reported confirmed autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection

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Keywords: ECDC; Updates; Worldwide; Zika Virus; European Region.

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