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10 Oct 2016

#Risk #Assessment: #Outbreak of #RiftValley #fever in #Niger – Risk for the #EU, 7 October 2016 (@ECDC_EU, summary)

 

Title: #Risk #Assessment: #Outbreak of #RiftValley #fever in #Niger – Risk for the #EU, 7 October 2016.

Subject: RVF virus outbreak in Niger, risk assessment by ECDC.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control  (ECDC), full PDF file: (LINK). Summary.

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RAPID RISK ASSESSMENT

Outbreak of Rift Valley fever in Niger – Risk for the EU, 7 October 2016

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Suggested citation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Rapid Risk Assessment. Outbreak of Rift Valley fever in Niger - Risk for the European Union, 7 October 2016. Stockholm: ECDC; 2016.

© European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, 2016

 

Main conclusions and options for response

  • The current Rift Valley fever (RVF) outbreak in Niger does not pose a new risk for the European Union (EU). 
    • The outbreak is currently affecting rural areas that are not considered touristic areas.
      • Travellers staying in urban areas or in areas not affected by the RVF outbreak are not at risk of infection.
      • Travellers visiting affected areas are at risk of infection and should avoid contacts with ruminants and use protection against mosquitoes.
    • Importation of human cases from Niger cannot be excluded but is unlikely, given the number of cases that have been imported to the EU in previous years. 
    • There is no risk of secondary transmission from viraemic passengers travelling in airplanes.
    • Imports into the EU of live animals and their meat and milk from Niger are prohibited.
    • Should the virus be imported, the risk of it spreading among humans within the EU appears to be very low.
      • There is no evidence of direct human-to-human transmission.
      • The risk of transmission to humans through an infected mosquito bite cannot be excluded. 
    • Risk of transmission through infected substances of human origin (SoHO) is extremely low.
    • Transmission of the virus through contact with blood or infected material in healthcare settings should be prevented by applying standard precautionary measures. 
      • The EU Member States should maintain awareness of the RVF situation in Africa and the countries of the Arabian Peninsula and continue to include RVF in their differential diagnosis for sick returning travellers.
      • ECDC will keep monitoring the situation in Niger and update its assessment, should the risk for the EU change.

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Keywords: ECDC; European Union; Updates; Rift Valley Fever; Niger.

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