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30 Sep 2016

#Zika Virus, #Global #Epidemiological #situation as of 30 September 2016 (@ECDC_EU, edited)

 

Title: #Zika Virus, #Global #Epidemiological #situation as of 30 September 2016.

Subject: Zika Virus, weekly ECDC update.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Zika Virus, Epidemiological situation as of 30 September 2016

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Since 1 February 2016, Zika virus infection and the related clusters of microcephaly cases and other neurological disorders constitute a PHEIC. Since 2015, and as of 30 September 2016, there have been 68 countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne transmission of the virus. According to WHO and as of 30 September 2016, 21 countries or territories have reported microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations in newborns potentially associated with Zika virus infection.

 

Update on number of cases

  • The USA
    • Twenty-three locally-acquired cases have been recorded in Florida over the past week.
    • To date, 115 locally-acquired and 705 imported cases of Zika have been reported in Florida.
    • The distribution of the locally-acquired cases is as follows: 106 in Miami-Dade, seven in Palm beach, one in Pinellas and one in Broward.
  • Singapore
  • The Philippines
    • On 26 September, the Philippines reported three new autochthonous cases, bringing the total to 12.
    • Therefore, this country is now appearing as 'widespread transmission' on the ECDC map.
  • Maldives
    • On 29 September, WHO reported mosquito-borne Zika virus infections in German and Spanish travellers returning from the Maldives.
  • EU/EEA imported cases
    • Since November 2015 (week 45), 19 countries (Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) have reported 1660 travel-associated Zika virus infections through The European Surveillance System (TESSy). Over the same time period, seven EU countries reported 80 Zika cases among pregnant women.
  • EU’s Outermost Regions and Territories
    • As of 22 September 2016:
      • Martinique:
        • 36 260 suspected cases have been reported, an increase of 160 since the previous week. The weekly number of cases is stable.
      • French Guiana:
        • 9 740 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 77 cases since the previous week. The weekly number of cases is stable.
      • Guadeloupe:
        • 30 130 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 290 suspected cases since the previous week. The weekly number of cases is stable.
      • St Barthélemy:
        • 725 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 55 suspected cases since the previous week. The weekly number of cases is stable.
      • St Martin:
        • 2 350 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 85 suspected cases since the previous week. The weekly number of cases is stable.
  • Since February 2016, 12 countries have reported evidence of person-to-person transmission of Zika virus, probably via a sexual route.

 

Update on microcephaly and/or central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection

 

ECDC assessment

  • The spread of the Zika virus in the Americas is likely to continue as the vectors (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes) are widely distributed there.
  • The likelihood of travel-related cases in the EU is increasing.
  • A detailed risk assessment was published on 30 August 2016.
  • As neither treatment nor vaccines are available, prevention is based on personal protection measures.
  • Pregnant women should consider postponing non-essential travel to Zika-affected areas.​

 

Countries and territories with reported confirmed autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection in the past three months, as of 30 September 2016

[Countries affected in past 3 months - Areas (non-tropical countries only) - Type of transmission]

  1. American Samoa – … -Widespread transmission
  2. ​​Anguilla – … - ​Widespread transmission
  3. Argentina - Tucumán Province – - Widespread transmission
  4. Barbados – … - Widespread transmission
  5. Bolivia – … - Widespread transmission
  6. Brazil – … - Widespread transmission
  7. Cape Verde – … - Widespread transmission
  8. Colombia – … - Widespread transmission
  9. Costa Rica – … - Widespread transmission
  10. Curaçao – … - Widespread transmission
  11. Dominica – … - Widespread transmission
  12. ​Dominican Republic – … - ​Widespread transmission
  13. Ecuador – … - Widespread transmission
  14. El Salvador – … - Widespread transmission
  15. Fiji – … - Widespread transmission
  16. French Guiana – … - Widespread transmission
  17. Guadeloupe – … - Widespread transmission
  18. Guatemala – … - Widespread transmission
  19. Haiti – … - Widespread transmission
  20. Honduras – … - Widespread transmission
  21. Jamaica – … - Widespread transmission
  22. Martinique – … - Widespread transmission
  23. Mexico – … - Widespread transmission
  24. Micronesia, Federated States of – … - Widespread transmission
  25. Nicaragua – … - Widespread transmission
  26. Panama – … - Widespread transmission
  27. Paraguay – … - Widespread transmission
  28. Peru – … - Widespread transmission
  29. ​Philippines – … - ​Widespread transmission
  30. Puerto Rico – … - Widespread transmission
  31. Saint Lucia – … - Widespread transmission
  32. Saint Martin – … - Widespread transmission
  33. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – … - Widespread transmission
  34. Saint-Barthélemy – … - Widespread transmission
  35. Samoa – … - Widespread transmission
  36. ​Singapore – … - ​Widespread transmission
  37. Sint Maarten – … - Widespread transmission
  38. Suriname – … - Widespread transmission
  39. Thailand – … - Widespread transmission
  40. Trinidad and Tobago – … - Widespread transmission
  41. US Virgin Islands – … - Widespread transmission
  42. United States of America - ​​Florida (Miami-Dade county)  - ​Widespread transmission
  43. ​​​United States of America - ​Florida (Broward, Palm Beach and Pinellas  counties) - ​Sporadic transmission
  44. ​​​​Venezuela – … - ​Widespread transmission
  45. Antigua and Barbuda – … - Sporadic transmission
  46. ​Bahamas – … - ​Sporadic transmission
  47. ​British Virgin Island (UK) – … - ​Sporadic transmission
  48. ​Cayman Islands – … - ​Sporadic transmission
  49. ​Cuba – … - ​Sporadic transmission
  50. Grenada – … - Sporadic transmission
  51. Guinea-Bissau – … - Sporadic transmission
  52. ​Malaysia – … - Sporadic transmission​
  53. Saba – … - Sporadic transmission
  54. ​Saint Kitts and Nevis – … - Sporadic transmission
  55. ​Sint Eustatius – … - ​Sporadic transmission
  56. Turks and Caicos Islands – … - Sporadic transmission
  57. ​Vietnam – … - ​Sporadic transmission

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The classification of countries above is based on: 1) number of reported autochthonous confirmed cases; 2) number of countries who report a zika virus transmission or a country’s transmission status changes; 3) duration of the circulation.

(…)

All latest ECDC maps with information on countries or territories with reported confirmed autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection

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- See more at: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/zika_virus_infection/zika-outbreak/Pages/epidemiological-situation.aspx#sthash.ycjAkoad.dpuf

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Keywords: ECDC; Updates; Zika Virus.

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