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A TIME'S MEMORY - Flu, Bugs & Other Accidents Blog - Year: XV

WARNING: The novel Coronavirus has been renamed by the ICTV as ''SARS-CoV-2'' whereas the Acute Respiratory Syndrome it causes ''Covid19'' by the WHO. A new post's category has been added accordingly. Earlier posts are categorized under: Undiagnosed illness; Coronavirus; Novel Coronavirus; Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus & 2019-nCoV.
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14 Apr 2009

Measles - Outbreaks Associated With Imported Cases [GIDEON]

A case imported from India into the United States is the latest in a growing list of cross-border measles episodes. The following is a chronology of notable outbreaks reported during the past decade.


1998 - An outbreak (69 cases, 2 hospitalized, 0 fatal) in Tuvalu was ascribed to introduced cases among workers from Nauru.

1998 - An outbreak (33 cases) was linked to an infected visitor arriving to Alaska, United States from Japan.

1999 - An outbreak (75 confirmed cases) in Australia was traced to an index case from Indonesia.

2000 - Outbreaks (78 cases, total) in Canada were linked to travel in Mexico (6 cases), Bolivia (19 cases) and Belgium (25 cases).

2000 - An outbreak (992 cases, or 57% of all cases for the Americas region) in Haiti was thought to originated with imported cases from the Dominican Republic.

2000 to 2001 - An outbreak (1,062 cases, 0 fatal) was reported in Tanzania among refugees from Burundi.

2001 - An outbreak (37 cases) in Venezuela was ascribed to a case imported from Europe.

2001 - An outbreak (14 cases) in the United States was reported among internationally-adopted children.

2002 - An outbreak (1,334 suspect cases; 128 confirmed) in Colombia was traced to index patients who had acquired the disease in Venezuela.

2002 - An outbreak (13 cases) in the United States resulted from a case imported from the Philippines.

2002 - An outbreak (6,380 suspect cases; 2,397 confirmed) in Venezuela was traced to measles imported from Europe.

2003 - An outbreak (107 cases) in an unvaccinated religious community in Israel followed introduction of an index patient from Switzerland.

2003 - An outbreak (22 cases) was reported in Mexico following importation of measles from either Japan or Korea.

2004 - An outbreak (59 cases) was reported in Mexico following importation of an index case from Asia.

2004 - Ten confirmed cases were identified among Chinese children (from Hunan) arriving to the United States, and 3 Chinese children arriving to Norway.

2004 - An outbreak (5 cases) was reported among American children living in a military community in Germany.

2005 - An outbreak (34 cases) in the United States was related to an index case who contracted measles in Romania.

2005 - An outbreak (6 cases) in Portugal was related to an index patient from Romania.

2005 - Two Spainish travelers developed measles following return from Thailand and Mozambique.

2005 to 2006 - An outbreak (27 cases) in Mexico was related to index cases who had worked at an international airport.

2006 - An outbreak (7 cases) in Australia was related to an imported index case.

2006 - An outbreak (15 cases) in an office building in the United States was associated with an index case which had arrived from India.

2006 - An outbreak (3 cases) was reported among members of an adoption group returning to the United States from China.

2006 - An outbreak (44 cases) in Venezuela was ascribed to an index case arriving from Spain.

2006 - Three cases of measles in Poland were associated with an outbreak in Ukraine. 2006 to 2007 - An outbreak (213 cases) in Spain followed importation of a case from Eastern Europe.

2007 - A case of measles reported in the United States originated in India.

2007 - An outbreak (92 cases) was reported among Irish tourists in England. Additional outbreaks related to travel in England were reported among Irish tourists in Norway (15 cases), Belgians (23 cases), Italians (46 cases) and Israelis (3 cases) exposed to tourists returning from England.

2007 - Quarantine measures were envoked when a child with measles was discovered in a Japanese tourist about to board an airplane flight from Canada to Japan.

2007 - An outbreak (6 cases) in the United States was related to an index case from Japan.

2007 - An outbreak (11 cases) in the Russian Federation was related to a group of 3 infected patients returning from China.

2007 - An outbreak (90 cases) in Germany was related to two index patients who had returned from Switzerland.

2007 - An outbreak (4 cases) in New Zealand was related to an index patient who had returned from India.

2008 - An outbreak (12 cases) in the United States was related to an index patients who had been infected in Switzerland. 16 secondary cases were reported in Arizona; and six additional cases resutled when an infected infant traveled from the outbreak region (California) to Hawaii. As of July, 116 cases were imported or related to imported cases (from Belgium, India, Israel, China, Germany, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Russia).

2008 - An outbreak (5 cases) in Denmark was related to an index patient who had returned from India and Nepal.

2008 - An outbreak (259 cases) including 202 in Austria, 53 in Germany and 4 in Norway was related to attendance at an anthroposophic school in Austria.

2008 - An outbreak (5 cases) in Sweden was related to an index patient who had been infected in France.

2008 - An outbreak (109 cases) involving two religious schools in France was related to an index patient who had been infected in Austria.

2008 to 2009 - An outbreak (6 cases) in a Danish hospital was related to an index patient who had returned from East Africa.

2009 - Outbreaks (11 cases in two outbreaks) in Taiwan were related to index cases who had visited mainland China.

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