Welcome to A Time's Memory Blog

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A TIME'S MEMORY - Flu, Bugs & Other Accidents Blog - Year: XV

WARNING: The novel Coronavirus has been renamed by the ICTV as ''SARS-CoV-2'' whereas the Acute Respiratory Syndrome it causes ''Covid19'' by the WHO. A new post's category has been added accordingly. Earlier posts are categorized under: Undiagnosed illness; Coronavirus; Novel Coronavirus; Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus & 2019-nCoV.
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11 Mar 2020

#COVID19 #Coronavirus is now declared #pandemic–My job is done.

The end is indeed the end. For fifteen years I search frantically news, documents, facts about public health threats around the world. Spent ten hours a day, seven days, 12 months in a year in this quest. Many times, things seemed to slip into a disaster (2001, 2003, 2005, 2009, 2013, 2016), with a lot of fear and pain intercepted through the media outlets, the report from outbrerak areas. A thing was always clear in my mind: the world could do eventually nothing in case of a new pandemic like the Spanish Flu. The impotence, the arrogance, the neglect from politicians, international institutions, the celebrated scientific community led finally humankind toward another dead-end road.

The pityful World Health Organization, that failed always in these decades, starting from HIV/AIDS, then the Tchernobyl disaster response, the antibiotics demise, now called the PANDEMIC, this huge word, the final word.

My job is done. Really, I am also a bit relieved. I was tired of this world, the profit, the billionaires that fund charities, the dollars, the euros, the austerity policies, the breaking-news, the discovery-of-the-century, the Scientist, the Leader, the President.

Go to hell, World!

#WHO #DG's opening #remarks at the #media #briefing on #COVID19 - 11 March 2020 (@WHO, edited)


Title:

#WHO #DG's opening #remarks at the #media #briefing on #COVID19 - 11 March 2020.

Subject:

COVID-19 Pandemic, remarks by the WHO DG.

Source:

World Health Organization (WHO), full page: (LINK).

Code:

[     ]

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11 March 2020

Good afternoon.


‘’In the past two weeks, the number of cases of COVID-19 outside China has increased 13-fold, and the number of affected countries has tripled. 

‘’There are now more than 118,000 cases in 114 countries, and 4,291 people have lost their lives.

‘’Thousands more are fighting for their lives in hospitals.

‘’In the days and weeks ahead, we expect to see the number of cases, the number of deaths, and the number of affected countries climb even higher.

‘’WHO has been assessing this outbreak around the clock and we are deeply concerned both by the alarming levels of spread and severity, and by the alarming levels of inaction.

‘’We have therefore made the assessment that COVID-19 can be characterized as a pandemic.’’

‘’Pandemic is not a word to use lightly or carelessly. It is a word that, if misused, can cause unreasonable fear, or unjustified acceptance that the fight is over, leading to unnecessary suffering and death.

‘’Describing the situation as a pandemic does not change WHO’s assessment of the threat posed by this virus. It doesn’t change what WHO is doing, and it doesn’t change what countries should do.

‘’We have never before seen a pandemic sparked by a coronavirus. This is the first pandemic caused by a coronavirus.

‘’And we have never before seen a pandemic that can be controlled, at the same time. 

‘’WHO has been in full response mode since we were notified of the first cases. 

‘’And we have called every day for countries to take urgent and aggressive action.

‘’We have rung the alarm bell loud and clear.

===

‘’As I said on Monday, just looking at the number of cases and the number of countries affected does not tell the full story.

‘’Of the 118,000 cases reported globally in 114 countries, more than 90 percent of cases are in just four countries, and two of those – China and the Republic of Korea - have significantly declining epidemics.

‘’81 countries have not reported any cases, and 57 countries have reported 10 cases or less.

‘’We cannot say this loudly enough, or clearly enough, or often enough: all countries can still change the course of this pandemic.

‘’If countries detect, test, treat, isolate, trace, and mobilize their people in the response, those with a handful of cases can prevent those cases becoming clusters, and those clusters becoming community transmission.

‘’Even those countries with community transmission or large clusters can turn the tide on this virus.

‘’Several countries have demonstrated that this virus can be suppressed and controlled.

‘’The challenge for many countries who are now dealing with large clusters or community transmission is not whether they can do the same – it’s whether they will

‘’Some countries are struggling with a lack of capacity.

‘’Some countries are struggling with a lack of resources.

‘’Some countries are struggling with a lack of resolve.

‘’We are grateful for the measures being taken in Iran, Italy and the Republic of Korea to slow the virus and control their epidemics.

‘’We know that these measures are taking a heavy toll on societies and economies, just as they did in China.

‘’All countries must strike a fine balance between protecting health, minimizing economic and social disruption, and respecting human rights.

‘’WHO’s mandate is public health. But we’re working with many partners across all sectors to mitigate the social and economic consequences of this pandemic.

‘’This is not just a public health crisis, it is a crisis that will touch every sector – so every sector and every individual must be involved in the fight.

‘’I have said from the beginning that countries must take a whole-of-government, whole-of-society approach, built around a comprehensive strategy to prevent infections, save lives and minimize impact.

‘’Let me summarize it in four key areas.

‘’First, prepare and be ready.

‘’Second, detect, protect and treat.

‘’Third, reduce transmission.

‘’Fourth, innovate and learn.

‘’I remind all countries that we are calling on you to activate and scale up your emergency response mechanisms;

‘’Communicate with your people about the risks and how they can protect themselves – this is everybody’s business;

‘’Find, isolate, test and treat every case and trace every contact;

‘’Ready your hospitals;

‘’Protect and train your health workers.

‘’And let’s all look out for each other, because we need each other.

===

‘’There’s been so much attention on one word.

‘’Let me give you some other words that matter much more, and that are much more actionable.

‘’Prevention.

‘’Preparedness.

‘’Public health.

‘’Political leadership.

‘’And most of all, people.

‘’We’re in this together, to do the right things with calm and protect the citizens of the world. It’s doable.

‘’I thank you.’’

-

Keywords: WHO; Updates; Worldwide; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2.

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#COVID19 #Coronavirus – #Italy: 12,462 cases, 827 #deaths, 1045 discharged (MoH, March 11 ‘20)


Title:

COVID19 Coronavirus – Italy: 12,462 cases, 827 deaths, 1045 discharged.

Subject:

COVID-19 Pandemic, current situation in Italy.

Source:

Ministry of Health, Italy, full page: (LINK). Edited.

Code:

[     ]

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Situazione in Italy: 11 March 2020

  • 10,590 confirmed cases under treatment,
    • 827 {Mortality rate: 6.6%} death cases,
      • 1045 discharged cases.
        • Total No. of Cases: 12,462


Among 10,590 confirmed active cases:

  • 3,724 are in isolation at home,
  • 5,838 are hospitalized,
  • 1,028 are treated in ICU.

(…)

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Keywords: Italy; Updates; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19.

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#COVID19 #Coronavirus - #Situation #update for the #EU/EEA and the UK, as of 11 March 2020 08:00 (@ECDC_EU, edited)


Title:

#COVID19 #Coronavirus - #Situation #update for the #EU/EEA and the UK, as of 11 March 2020 08:00.

Subject:

COVID-19 Pandemic, current situation in EU & Environs.

Source:

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full page: (LINK).

Code:

[     ]

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Epidemiological update


Summary

  • As of 11 March 2020, 17 430 cases have been reported in the EU/EEA and the UK: (…).
  • As of 11 March 2020, 711 deaths have been reported in the EU/EEA and the UK: Italy (631), Spain (35), France (33), United Kingdom (6), Netherlands (4) and Germany (2).

__

[EU/EEA and the UK: Cases  - Deaths]

  1. Italy – 10149 – 631
  2. France – 1784 – 33
  3. Spain – 1639 – 35
  4. Germany – 1296 – 2
  5. Netherlands – 382 – 4
  6. United Kingdom – 373 – 6
  7. Sweden – 326 – 0
  8. Norway – 277 – 0
  9. Belgium – 267 – 0
  10. Denmark – 264 – 0
  11. Austria – 182 – 0
  12. Greece – 90 – 0
  13. Iceland – 70 – 0
  14. Czech Republic – 63 – 0
  15. Portugal – 41 – 0
  16. Finland – 40 – 0
  17. Ireland – 35 – 0
  18. Slovenia – 31 – 0
  19. Romania – 25 – 0
  20. Poland – 22 – 0
  21. Croatia – 13 – 0
  22. Estonia – 13 – 0
  23. Hungary – 12 – 0
  24. Latvia – 8 – 0
  25. Luxembourg – 7 – 0
  26. Slovakia – 7 – 0
  27. Bulgaria – 4 – 0
  28. Malta – 4 – 0
  29. Lithuania – 3 – 0
  30. Cyprus – 2 – 0
  31. Liechtenstein – 1 – 0
    • Total – 17430 - 711

___


Distribution of laboratory confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the EU/EEA and the UK, as of 11 March 2020

Distribution of laboratory confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the EU/EEA and the UK, as of 11 March 2020 

(…)

-

Keywords: ECDC; Updates; European Region; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2.

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#Coronavirus Disease 2019 (#COVID19) in the #US - Updated March 11, 2020 (@CDCgov, edited)


Title:

#Coronavirus Disease 2019 (#COVID19) in the #US - Updated March 11, 2020.

Subject:

COVID-19 Pandemic, current situation in the US.

Source:

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), full page: (LINK).

Code:

[     ]

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__

This page will be updated regularly at noon Mondays through Fridays. Numbers close out at 4 p.m. the day before reporting.

CDC is responding to an outbreak of respiratory illness caused by a novel (new) coronavirus. The outbreak first started in Wuhan, China, but cases have been identified in a growing number of other locations internationally, including the United States. In addition to CDC, many public health laboratories are now testing for the virus that causes COVID-19.

___

COVID-19: U.S. at a Glance*

Total cases: 938

Total deaths: 29

Jurisdictions reporting cases: 39 (38 states and District of Columbia)

__

{*} Data include both confirmed and presumptive positive cases of COVID-19 reported to CDC or tested at CDC since January 21, 2020, with the exception of testing results for persons repatriated to the United States from Wuhan, China and Japan. State and local public health departments are now testing and publicly reporting their cases. In the event of a discrepancy between CDC cases and cases reported by state and local public health officials, data reported by states should be considered the most up to date.

___

COVID-19: Cases in the United States Reported to CDC*†

  • Travel-related – 92
    • Person-to-person spread – 75
      • Under Investigation – 771
        • Total cases - 938

__

{*} Data include both confirmed and presumptive positive cases of COVID-19 reported to CDC or tested at CDC since January 21, 2020, with the exception of testing results for persons repatriated to the United States from Wuhan, China and Japan. State and local public health departments are now testing and publicly reporting their cases. In the event of a discrepancy between CDC cases and cases reported by state and local public health officials, data reported by states should be considered the most up to date.

{†} CDC is no longer reporting the number of persons under investigation (PUIs) that have been tested, as well as PUIs that have tested negative. Now that states are testing and reporting their own results, CDC’s numbers are not representative of all testing being done nationwide.

(…)

___

COVID-19: Cases among Persons Repatriated to the United States

  • Wuhan, China – 3
  • Diamond Princess Cruise Ship - 46

{¶} Cases have laboratory confirmation and may or may not have been symptomatic.

___

(…)

-

Keywords: US CDC; USA; Updates; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2.

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Three New #MERS #Coronavirus Cases reported by #Saudi Arabia (MoH, March 11 2020)


Title:

Three New MERS Coronavirus Cases reported by Saudi Arabia (MoH, March 11 2020).

Subject:

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome in Saudi Arabia, daily update.

Source:

Ministry of Health, full page: (LINK).

Code:

[     ]

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March 11 2020


New Case(s) Reported:

[Date report - Sex, Age, Resident in, Health Status, Note]

  1. 03/10 - Female, 63, Riyadh City (Riyadh Region); ...; *
  2. 03/10 - Male, 54, Mecca City (Mecca Region); ...; *
  3. 03/11 - Male, 45, Al Bejadiyah City (Riyadh Region); *

__

{*} Primary case (Unknown source of exposure).
___

Cumulative number of confirmed cases and deaths since 2012:

  • Total No. of Cases: 2121  {§}
  • Total No. of Deaths: 788 {§}
  • Patients currently under treatment: ...
  • Case-Fatality Rate: 37.1%

{§} WHO data as of February 20, 2020, see more: www.emro.who.int/pandemic-epidemic-diseases/mers-cov/mers-situation-update-january-2020.html


___

-

Keywords: MERS-CoV; Updates; Saudi Arabia.

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#Countries/areas with reported cases of #Coronavirus Disease-2019 (#COVID19) (Last updated on March 11, 2020, 9am) (#HK CHP, edited)


Title:

#Countries/areas with reported cases of #Coronavirus Disease-2019 (#COVID19) (Last updated on March 11, 2020, 9am).

Subject:

COVID-19 Pandemic, current global cases count.

Source:

Centre for Health Protection (CHP), Hong Kong PRC SAR, full page: (LINK).

Code:

[     ]

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__

All information is based on that notified or reported by the World Health Organization, the National Health Commission, the Health Commission of Guangdong Province, Health Bureau of Macao Special Administrative Region, Taiwan Centers for Disease Control and health authorities of overseas countries.

___

Areas with active community transmission of COVID-19

[Countries/areas]

  1. Mainland China
  2. Korea
  3. Italy
  4. Iran
  5. France (Bourgogne-Franche-Comté and Grand Est)
  6. Germany (Nordrhein-Westfalen)
  7. Spain (Madrid, La Rioja and País Vasco)
  8. Japan (Hokkaido)

___

  • Number of cases in Mainland China:
    • 80,778 cases, including
      • 3,158 death cases and
        • 61,475 discharged cases.
      • Among the 16,145 cases currently still under treatment,
        • 4,492 cases were in serious condition.
  • Number of cases in other countries/areas:
    • at least 36,206 cases

___

Number of COVID-19 cases reported in Mainland China

[Mainland China: Number of cases - Number of deaths#]

  1. Hubei – 67773 – 3046
  2. Beijing – 435 – 8
  3. Liaoning – 125 – 1
  4. Anhui – 990 – 6
  5. Chongqing – 576 – 6
  6. Shaanxi – 245 – 1
  7. Tianjin – 136 – 3
  8. Fujian – 296 – 1
  9. Hunan – 1018 – 4
  10. Sichuan – 539 – 3
  11. Gansu – 125 – 2
  12. Heilongjiang – 482 – 13
  13. Jiangxi – 935 – 1
  14. Guangdong – 1353 – 8
  15. Guizhou – 146 – 2
  16. Shanghai – 344 – 3
  17. Shandong – 758 – 6
  18. Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region – 252 – 2
  19. Yunnan – 174 – 2
  20. Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region – 75 – 1
  21. Zhejiang – 1215 – 1
  22. Henan – 1272 – 22
  23. Hebei – 318 – 6
  24. Hainan – 168 – 6
  25. Jilin – 93 – 1
  26. Shanxi – 133 – 0
  27. Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region – 75 – 0
  28. Jiangsu – 631 – 0
  29. Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region – 76 – 3
  30. Qinghai – 18 – 0
  31. Tibet Autonomous Region – 1 – 0

__

{#} According to the latest available information

___

(…)

Number of COVID-19 cases reported in countries/areas outside Mainland China

[Other countries/areas: Number of confirmed cases - Number of deaths among confirmed cases#]

  1. Afghanistan – 4 – 0
  2. Albania – 2 – 0
  3. Algeria – 17 – 0
  4. Andorra – 1 – 0
  5. Argentina – 12 – 1
  6. Armenia – 1 – 0
  7. Australia – 92 – 3
  8. Austria – 182 – 0
  9. Azerbaijan – 9 – 0
  10. Bahrain – 109 – 0
  11. Bangladesh – 3 – 0
  12. Belarus – 6 – 0
  13. Belgium – 267 – 0
  14. Bhutan – 1 – 0
  15. Bosnia and Herzegovina – 2 – 0
  16. Brazil – 25 – 0
  17. Brunei Darussalam – 1 – 0
  18. Bulgaria – 4 – 0
  19. Cambodia – 2 – 0
  20. Cameroon – 2 – 0
  21. Canada – 77 – 0
  22. Chile – 13 – 0
  23. Colombia – 3 – 0
  24. Costa Rica – 9 – 0
  25. Croatia – 12 – 0
  26. Cyprus – 2 – 0
  27. Czech Republic – 38 – 0
  28. Denmark – 90 – 0
  29. Dominican Republic – 5 – 0
  30. Ecuador – 15 – 0
  31. Egypt – 59 – 1
  32. Estonia – 10 – 0
  33. Faroe Islands – 2 – 0
  34. Finland – 40 – 0
  35. France – 1784 – 33
  36. French Guiana – 5 – 0
  37. Georgia – 15 – 0
  38. Germany – 1296 – 2
  39. Gibraltar – 1 – 0
  40. Greece – 73 – 0
  41. Guernsey – 1 – 0
  42. Holy See – 1 – 0
  43. Hong Kong Special Administrative Region* – 121 – 3
  44. Hungary – 9 – 0
  45. Iceland – 55 – 0
  46. India – 44 – 0
  47. Indonesia – 19 – 0
  48. Iran – 8042 – 291
  49. Iraq – 61 – 6
  50. Ireland – 24 – 0
  51. Israel – 25 – 0
  52. Italy – 10149 – 631
  53. Japan^ – 568 – 12
  54. Jordan – 1 – 0
  55. Korea – 7755 – 60
  56. Kuwait – 65 – 0
  57. Latvia – 6 – 0
  58. Lebanon – 41 – 0
  59. Liechtenstein – 1 – 0
  60. Lithuania – 1 – 0
  61. Luxembourg – 5 – 0
  62. Macao Special Administrative Region – 10 – 0
  63. Malaysia – 117 – 0
  64. Maldives – 4 – 0
  65. Malta – 4 – 0
  66. Martinique – 2 – 0
  67. Mexico – 7 – 0
  68. Monaco – 1 – 0
  69. Mongolia – 1 – 0
  70. Morocco – 2 – 0
  71. Nepal – 1 – 0
  72. Netherlands – 382 – 3
  73. New Zealand – 5 – 0
  74. Nigeria – 2 – 0
  75. North Macedonia – 7 – 0
  76. Norway – 277 – 0
  77. Oman – 18 – 0
  78. Pakistan – 16 – 0
  79. Palestine – 26 – 0
  80. Panama – 1 – 0
  81. Paraguay – 1 – 0
  82. Peru – 9 – 0
  83. Philippines – 33 – 1
  84. Poland – 16 – 0
  85. Portugal – 30 – 0
  86. Qatar – 18 – 0
  87. Republic of Moldova – 1 – 0
  88. Romania – 15 – 0
  89. Russia – 7 – 0
  90. Saint Barthélemy – 1 – 0
  91. Saint Martin – 2 – 0
  92. San Marino – 49 – 2
  93. Saudi Arabia – 7 – 0
  94. Senegal – 4 – 0
  95. Serbia – 1 – 0
  96. Singapore – 166 – 0
  97. Slovakia – 7 – 0
  98. Slovenia – 23 – 0
  99. South Africa – 7 – 0
  100. Spain – 1639 – 35
  101. Sri Lanka – 1 – 0
  102. Sweden – 326 – 0
  103. Switzerland – 476 – 2
  104. Taiwan – 47 – 1
  105. Thailand – 53 – 1
  106. Togo – 1 – 0
  107. Tunisia – 2 – 0
  108. Ukraine – 1 – 0
  109. United Arab Emirates – 45 – 0
  110. United Kingdom – 373 – 6
  111. United States of America^^ – 647 – 25
  112. Viet Nam – 30 – 0
    • Number of affected countries/areas: 112
      • Total: at least 36,206 cases
        • Total: at least 1119 deaths

__

{^} Excluding 696 cases were confirmed among passengers/crews in a cruise ship (including 7 fatal cases)

{^^} Excluding persons repatriated to the United States by chartered flight: 46 cases (Diamond Princess Cruise ship) and 3 cases (Wuhan)

{*} Including 1 probable case

{#} According to the latest available information

___

(…)

Distribution of COVID-19 cases reported in Italy (as of March 10, 2020, 6 pm, including 10149 cases)

[Areas - Number of confirmed cases#]

  1. Lombardia – 5791
  2. Veneto – 856
  3. Emilia-Romagna – 1533
  4. Piemonte – 453
  5. Lazio – 116
  6. Sicilia – 62
  7. Toscana – 264
  8. Liguria – 141
  9. Provincia autonoma di Bolzano – 38
  10. Marche – 394
  11. Campania – 127
  12. Abruzzo – 38
  13. Puglia – 59
  14. Calabria – 13
  15. Friuli Venezia Giulia – 116
  16. Umbria – 37
  17. Provincia autonoma di Trento – 52
  18. Molise – 15
  19. Basilicata – 7
  20. Sardegna – 20
  21. Valle d’Aosta – 17
    • Total – 10149

__

{#} According to the information from Italian health authority

(…)

-

Keywords: HK PRC SAR; Updates; China; Worldwide; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2.

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#COVID19 #Coronavirus–#China: On March 10, 24 new cases, 22 deaths, 1578 discharged; total cases so far: 80,778 (CNEB, edited)


Title:

#COVID19 #Coronavirus–#China: On March 10, 24 new cases, 22 deaths, 1578 discharged; total cases so far: 80,778.

Subject:

COVID-19 Pandemic, current situation in China.

Source:

China National Emergency Broadcasting (CNEB), full page: (LINK). Edited.

Code:

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2020-03-11 08:56 | Source: National Emergency Broadcasting Network Comprehensive


[Nationwide – Last 24 hours]

At 04:00 on March 10, 31 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) and the Xinjiang reported:

  • 24 new confirmed cases,
    • 22 new deaths (22 in Hubei), and
      • 1,578 cases were cured and discharged,
  • 31 new suspected cases.
  • 3,235 persons were removed from medical observation, and 302 severe cases were reduced.

___

[Nationwide – Cumulative]

As of 24:00 on March 10, according to reports from 31 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) and the Xinjiang, there were:

  • 16,145 confirmed cases under treatment,
    • 4,492 severe cases,
      • 61,475 cured cases and
        • 3,158 dead cases.
  • A total of 80,778 confirmed cases have been reported, and there are currently
  • 285 suspected cases.
  • A total of 675,886 close contacts have been tracked, and 14,607 close contacts are still in medical observation.

___

[Hubei Province – Last 24 hours & Cumulative]

  • 13 new confirmed cases in Hubei (13 in Wuhan),
    • 1,471 new cases cured (1212 in Wuhan),
      • 22 new deaths (19 in Wuhan), and
    • 15,671 confirmed cases under treatment (14514 in Wuhan).
      • 4,412 were severe cases (4217 in Wuhan).
        • 49,056 discharged patients were cured (33,041 in Wuhan),
          • 3,046 deaths (2423 in Wuhan), and
  • a total of 67,773 confirmed cases (49,978 in Wuhan).
  • 6 new suspected cases (6 in Wuhan) and 198 suspected cases (192 in Wuhan).

___

At 04:00 on March 10th, 10 newly diagnosed imported cases were reported (6 in Beijing, 2 in Shanghai, 1 in Shandong, and 1 in Gansu).

As of 24:00 on March 10, a total of 79 imported confirmed cases were reported overseas.

A total of 177 confirmed cases were reported from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan: 120 cases in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (65 cases discharged, 3 deaths), 10 cases in Macau Special Administrative Region (10 cases discharged), 47 cases in Taiwan (17 cases discharged, 1 case died ).

Editor-in- chief : Guo Yanwei

-

Keywords: China; Updates; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19.

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10 Mar 2020

#USA, #Health officials confirm third case of #COVID19 #Coronavirus in #Minnesota (DoH, March 10 ‘20)


Title:

#USA, #Health officials confirm third case of #COVID19 #Coronavirus in #Minnesota.

Subject:

COVID-19 Pandemic, current situation in the US State of Minnesota.

Source:

Department of Health, US State of Minnesota, full page: (LINK).

Code:

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News Release | March 10, 2020 | Contact information


The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) today confirmed a third presumptive positive case of novel coronavirus disease, COVID-19. The case is an Anoka County resident in their 30s who was likely exposed through contact with international travelers.  

The patient developed symptoms Feb. 28 and sought health care March 9.

Samples were collected from the person and sent to the MDH Public Health Laboratory for testing March 9

The test was found positive earlier today. MDH is awaiting confirmatory testing from CDC, but health officials consider the presumptive results actionable.

The patient is currently hospitalized in critical condition.

MDH is working with Anoka County Public Health and health care partners to identify and contact all those who may have come in contact with the infected person.

These people will be asked to quarantine themselves for 14 days from their exposure and will be monitored for fever and respiratory symptoms.

Health officials again stressed the importance of all Minnesotans continuing to do those things that can limit the spread of the coronavirus:

  • Stay home and away from others if you are sick.
  • Cover your coughs and sneezes with your elbow or a tissue.
  • Wash your hands frequently for 20 seconds with soap and water.
  • Avoid touching your face throughout the day.

The virus that causes COVID-19 is spread primarily by respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes, similar to how influenza is spread. It can also spread when people touch surfaces that have been contaminated by an infected person and then touch their eyes, nose or mouth.

More information about coronavirus can be found on MDH’s Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) website. MDH has set up a COVID-19 public hotline that is open 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday. The hotline number is 651-201-3920.

-MDH-

Media inquiries: Doug Schultz, MDH Communications, 651-201-4993 - doug.schultz@state.mn.us

-

Keywords: USA; Updates; Minnesota; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2.

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#COVID19 #Coronavirus: #IFRC, #UNICEF and #WHO issue #guidance to #protect #children and #support safe #school operations (@WHO, March 10 ‘20)


Title:

#COVID19 #Coronavirus: #IFRC, #UNICEF and #WHO issue #guidance to #protect #children and #support safe #school operations.

Subject:

COVID-19 Pandemic, guidelines for children safety.

Source:

World Health Organization (WHO), full page: (LINK).

Code:

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Guidance includes practical actions and checklists for administrators, teachers, parents and children

10 March 2020 | Joint News Release


GENEVA/NEW YORK

The International Federation of the Red Cross (IFRC), UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO) today issued new guidance to help protect children and schools from transmission of the COVID-19 virus.

The guidance provides critical considerations and practical checklists to keep schools safe. It also advises national and local authorities on how to adapt and implement emergency plans for educational facilities.

In the event of school closures, the guidance includes recommendations to mitigate against the possible negative impacts on children’s learning and wellbeing. This means having solid plans in place to ensure the continuity of learning, including remote learning options such as online education strategies and radio broadcasts of academic content, and access to essential services for all children. These plans should also include necessary steps for the eventual safe reopening of schools.

Where schools remain open, and to make sure that children and their families remain protected and informed, the guidance calls for:

  • Providing children with information about how to protect themselves;
  • Promoting best handwashing and hygiene practices and providing hygiene supplies;
  • Cleaning and disinfecting school buildings, especially water and sanitation facilities; and
  • Increasing airflow and ventilation.

The guidance, while specific to countries that have already confirmed the transmission of COVID-19, is still relevant in all other contexts.

Education can encourage students to become advocates for disease prevention and control at home, in school, and in their community by talking to others about how to prevent the spread of viruses. Maintaining safe school operations or reopening schools after a closure, requires many considerations, but if done well, can promote public health.

For example, safe school guidelines implemented in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone during the outbreak of Ebola virus disease from 2014 to 2016 helped prevent school-based transmissions of the virus.

UNICEF is urging schools – whether open or helping students through remote learning – to provide students with holistic support.

Schools should provide children with vital information on handwashing and other measures to protect themselves and their families; facilitate mental health support; and help to prevent stigma and discrimination by encouraging students to be kind to each other and avoid stereotypes when talking about the virus.

The new guidance also offers helpful tips and checklists for parents and caregivers, as well as children and students themselves. These actions include:

  • Monitoring children’s health and keeping them home from school if they are ill;
  • Encouraging children to ask questions and express their concerns; and
  • Coughing or sneezing into a tissue or your elbow and avoid touching your face, eyes, mouth and nose.


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Keywords: WHO; Updates; Worldwide; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19.

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