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Welcome to A Time's Memory Blog

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A TIME'S MEMORY - Flu, Bugs & Other Accidents Blog - Year: XIII - Here, Reader, you will find many items if your interests are in the field of emerging threats to global or public health, with a perspective that is not mainstream. Thank to You for the interest!

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16 Jul 2018

2018 #Lassa Fever #Outbreak in #Nigeria: NCDC #Situation #Report #27 for Wk 27 (ReliefWeb, July 16 ‘18)

          

Title:

2018 #Lassa Fever #Outbreak in #Nigeria: NCDC #Situation #Report #27 for Wk 27.

Subject:

Lassa Fever Outbreak in Nigeria, current epidemiological situation.

Source:

Government of Nigeria, via ReliefWeb, full page: (LINK).

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Report from Government of Nigeria / Published on 08 Jul 2018 — View OriginalDownload PDF (1.69 MB)


HIGHLIGHTS

  • In the reporting Week 27 (July 2-8, 2018) seven new confirmediI cases were reported from Ondo(3), Edo(2), Taraba(1) and Plateau (1) with three deaths Ondo(2) and Plateau (1)

  • From 1st January to 8th July 2018, a total of 2115 suspectedi cases have been reported from 21 states. Of these, 446 were confirmed positive, 10 are probable, 1652 negative (not a case)

  • Since the onset of the 2018 outbreak, there have been 115 deaths in confirmed cases and 10 in probable cases. Case Fatality Rate in confirmed cases is 25.4% -Table 1

  • 21 states have recorded at least one confirmed case across 71 Local Government Areas (Edo, Ondo, Bauchi, Nasarawa, Ebonyi, Anambra, Benue, Kogi, Imo, Plateau, Lagos, Taraba, Delta, Osun, Rivers, FCT, Gombe, Ekiti, Kaduna, Abia and Adamawa). Seventeen states have exited the active phase of the outbreak while four- Edo, Ondo, Plateau and Taraba States remain activeiv -Table 1/ Figure 1

  • In the reporting week 27, no new healthcare worker was infected. Thirty-nine health care workers have been affected since the onset of the outbreak in seven states –Ebonyi (16), Edo (14), Ondo (4), Kogi (2), Nasarawa (1), Taraba (1) and Abia (1) with ten deaths in Ebonyi (6), Kogi (1), Abia (1), Ondo (1) and Edo (1)

  • 81% of all confirmed cases are from Edo (42%), Ondo (24%) and Ebonyi (15%) states

  • Four patients are currently being managed at treatment Centres – two at Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital (ISTH) and two at the Federal Medical Centre Owo treatment Centre - Table 1

  • A total of 5713 contacts have been identified from 21 states. Of these 156(2.7%) are currently being followed up, 5547 (97.1%) have completed 21 days follow up while 10(0.2%) were lost follow up. 85 symptomatic contacts have been identified, of which 29 (34%) have tested positive from five states (Edo-13, Ondo-8, Ebonyi-3, Kogi -3 Bauchi-1 and Adamawa-1) - Table 1

  • Lassa fever national multi-partner, multi-agency Technical Working Group(TWG) continues to coordinate response activities at all levels

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Keywords: Nigeria; Updates; Lassa Fever.

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15 Jul 2018

#Zika #Virus #Research #References #Library–July 15 2018 #Update, Issue No. 125


Title:

#Zika #Virus #Research #References #Library–July 15 2018 #Update, Issue No. 125.

Subject:

Zika Virus Infection and related complications research, weekly references library update.

Source:

AMEDEO, homepage: http://www.amedeo.com

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This Issue:

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  1. 1. CHAN MS, Winneg K, Hawkins L, Farhadloo M, et al.
    • Legacy and social media respectively influence risk perceptions and protective behaviors during emerging health threats: A multi-wave analysis of communications on Zika virus cases.
      • Soc Sci Med. 2018;212:50-59.
  2. IMRAN M, Usman M, Malik T, Ansari AR, et al.
    • Mathematical analysis of the role of hospitalization/isolation in controlling the spread of Zika fever.
      • Virus Res. 2018 Jul 9. pii: S0168-1702(18)30324.
  3. ARUMUGASAAMY N, Ettehadieh LE, Kuo CY, Paquin-Proulx D, et al.
    • Biomimetic Placenta-Fetus Model Demonstrating Maternal-Fetal Transmission and Fetal Neural Toxicity of Zika Virus.
      • Ann Biomed Eng. 2018 Jul 12. pii: 10.1007/s10439-018-2090.
  4. MUNSTER M, Plaszczyca A, Cortese M, Neufeldt CJ, et al.
    • A Reverse Genetics System for Zika Virus Based on a Simple Molecular Cloning Strategy.
      • Viruses. 2018;10.
  5. CHAZAL M, Beauclair G, Gracias S, Najburg V, et al.
    • RIG-I Recognizes the 5' Region of Dengue and Zika Virus Genomes.
      • Cell Rep. 2018;24:320-328.
  6. CONNERS EE, Lee EH, Thompson CN, McGibbon E, et al.
    • Zika Virus Infection Among Pregnant Women and Their Neonates in New York City, January 2016-June 2017.
      • Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Jul 10. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002737.
  7. NOBREGA MEBD, Araujo ELL, Wada MY, Leite PLE, et al.
    • Outbreak of Guillain-Barre syndrome possibly related to prior Zika virus infection, Metropolitan Region of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, 2015.
      • Epidemiol Serv Saude. 2018;27:e2017039.
  8. DILLARD JP, Yang C, Li R.
    • Self-regulation of emotional responses to Zika: Spiral of fear.
      • PLoS One. 2018;13:e0199828.
  9. LIU J, Li Q, Li X, Qiu Z, et al.
    • Zika Virus Envelope Protein induces G2/M Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis via an Intrinsic Cell Death Signaling Pathway in Neuroendocrine PC12 Cells.
      • Int J Biol Sci. 2018;14:1099-1108.
  10. MA J, Ketkar H, Geng T, Lo E, et al.
    • Zika Virus Non-structural Protein 4A Blocks the RLR-MAVS Signaling.
      • Front Microbiol. 2018;9:1350.
  11. SHERIDAN MA, Balaraman V, Schust DJ, Ezashi T, et al.
    • African and Asian strains of Zika virus differ in their ability to infect and lyse primitive human placental trophoblast.
      • PLoS One. 2018;13:e0200086.
  12. RANDLE J, Nelder M, Sider D, Hohenadel K, et al.
    • Characterizing the health and information-seeking behaviours of Ontarians in response to the Zika virus outbreak.
      • Can J Public Health. 2018;109:99-107.
  13. WU W, Wang J, Yu N, Yan J, et al.
    • Development of multiplex real time reverse transcriptase PCR assay for simultaneous detection of Zika, Dengue, Yellow Fever and Chikungunya Viruses in a single tube.
      • J Med Virol. 2018 Jul 6. doi: 10.1002/jmv.25253.
  14. JOAO EC, Ferreira ODC Jr, Gouvea MI, Teixeira MLB, et al.
    • Pregnant women co-infected with HIV and Zika: Outcomes and birth defects in infants according to maternal symptomatology.
      • PLoS One. 2018;13:e0200168.
  15. VOLPI VG, Pagani I, Ghezzi S, Iannacone M, et al.
    • Zika Virus Replication in Dorsal Root Ganglia Explants from Interferon Receptor1 Knockout Mice Causes Myelin Degeneration.
      • Sci Rep. 2018;8:10166.
  16. VOLKOVA E, Grinev A, Fares-Gusmao R, Chancey C, et al.
    • Complete Genome Sequences of Zika Virus Strains Used for the Formulation of CBER/FDA RNA Reference Reagents and Lot Release Panels for Nucleic Acid Technology Testing.
      • Genome Announc. 2018;6.
  17. RIOU J, Poletto C, Boelle PY.
    • Improving early epidemiological assessment of emerging Aedes-transmitted epidemics using historical data.
      • PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2018;12:e0006526.
  18. WHITE SK, Mavian C, Elbadry MA, Beau De Rochars VM, et al.
    • Detection and phylogenetic characterization of arbovirus dual-infections among persons during a chikungunya fever outbreak, Haiti 2014.
      • PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2018;12:e0006505.
  19. ...
    • You're the Flight Surgeon.
      • Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2018;89:572-575.
  20. ELFIKY AA, Elshemey WM.
    • Molecular dynamics simulation revealed binding of nucleotide inhibitors to ZIKV polymerase over 444 nanoseconds.
      • J Med Virol. 2018;90:13-18.
  21. WILLCOX AC, Collins MH, Jadi R, Keeler C, et al.
    • Seroepidemiology of Dengue, Zika, and Yellow Fever Viruses among Children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
      • Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2018 Jul 9. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.18-0156.
  22. WONGSURAWAT T, Athipanyasilp N, Jenjaroenpun P, Jun SR, et al.
    • Case of Microcephaly after Congenital Infection with Asian Lineage Zika Virus, Thailand.
      • Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;24.
  23. CHAMBERS MT, Schwarz MC, Sourisseau M, Gray ES, et al.
    • Probing Zika virus neutralization determinants with glycoprotein mutants bearing linear epitope insertions.
      • J Virol. 2018 Jul 5. pii: JVI.00505-18. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00505.

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Keywords: Zika References Library; Research; Abstracts.

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14 Jul 2018

#Influenza and other #Respiratory #Viruses #Research #References #Library – July 14 2018 Issue

          

Title:

#Influenza and other #Respiratory #Viruses #Research #References #Library – July 14 2018 Issue.

Subject:

Human and Animal Influenza viruses, other respiratory pathogens research, weekly references library update.

Source:

AMEDEO, homepage: http://www.amedeo.com

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This Issue:

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  1. SCHRADER T, Dudek SE, Schreiber A, Ehrhardt C, et al.
    • The clinically approved MEK inhibitor Trametinib efficiently blocks influenza A virus propagation and cytokine expression.
      • Antiviral Res. 2018 Jul 7. pii: S0166-3542(18)30364.
  2. LACKENBY A, Besselaar TG, Daniels RS, Fry A, et al.
    • Global update on the susceptibility of human influenza viruses to neuraminidase inhibitors and status of novel antivirals, 2016-2017.
      • Antiviral Res. 2018;157:38-46.
  3. HALPIN AL, Gu W, Wise ME, Sejvar JJ, et al.
    • Post-Campylobacter Guillain Barre Syndrome in the USA: secondary analysis of surveillance data collected during the 2009-2010 novel Influenza A (H1N1) vaccination campaign.
      • Epidemiol Infect. 2018 Jul 10:1-6. doi: 10.1017/S0950268818001802.
  4. VILCA LM, Verma A, Bonati M, Campins M, et al.
    • Impact of influenza on outpatient visits and hospitalizations among pregnant women in Catalonia, Spain.
      • J Infect. 2018 Jul 5. pii: S0163-4453(18)30211.
  5. ZHOU X, Wang Y, Liu H, Guo F, et al.
    • Effectiveness of market-level biosecurity at reducing exposure of poultry and humans to avian influenza: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
      • J Infect Dis. 2018 Jul 7. pii: 5050226. doi: 10.1093.
  6. PETRIE JG, Lauring AS.
    • Influenza A (H7N9) virus evolution: Which genetic mutations are antigenically important?
      • J Infect Dis. 2018 Jul 5. pii: 5049176. doi: 10.1093.
  7. WEN F, Blackmon S, Olivier AK, Li L, et al.
    • Mutation W222L at the receptor binding site of hemagglutinin could facilitate viral adaption from equine influenza A(H3N8) virus to dogs.
      • J Virol. 2018 Jul 11. pii: JVI.01115-18. doi: 10.1128/JVI.01115.
  8. FABOZZI G, Oler AJ, Liu P, Chen Y, et al.
    • Strand-specific Dual RNA-seq of Bronchial Epithelial cells Infected with Influenza A/H3N2 Viruses Reveals Splicing of Gene Segment 6 and Novel Host-Virus Interactions.
      • J Virol. 2018 Jul 5. pii: JVI.00518-18. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00518.
  9. HONIGSBAUM M.
    • Spanish influenza redux: revisiting the mother of all pandemics.
      • Lancet. 2018;391:2492-2495.
  10. WATTS G.
    • Wendy Barclay: a contagious enthusiasm for the influenza virus.
      • Lancet. 2018;391:2491.
  11. HARRISON N, Poeppl W, Miksch M, Machold K, et al.
    • Predictors for influenza vaccine acceptance among patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases.
      • Vaccine. 2018 Jul 3. pii: S0264-410X(18)30906.

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Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Influenza References Library.

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13 Jul 2018

#WestNile #fever in #Europe in 2018–#human and equine cases; updated 13 July (@ECDC_EU, summary)

          

Title:

#WestNile #fever in #Europe in 2018–#human and equine cases; updated 13 July.

Subject:

West Nile Virus, human and equine infection, European Region, weekly update.

Source:

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full page: (LINK).

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Map  / 13 Jul 2018 / Period: 06 Jul 2018 - 12 Jul 2018

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Summary

  • Between 6 and 12 July 2018, five cases of human West Nile fever were reported in the EU.
  • Greece reported one confirmed case in Thessaloniki and one probable case in Voiotia.
  • Italy reported three confirmed cases, two in Modena and one in Rovigo.
  • The human case reported in Austria in the previous week is currently not confirmed and under investigation for further confirmation.
  • Serbia reported nine confirmed human cases. All human cases were reported from regions that were affected in previous transmission seasons.
  • This week, no outbreaks among equids were reported.

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West Nile fever in Europe in 2018 - human and equine cases; updated 13 July 

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Download: |--  West Nile fever in Europe in 2018 - human and equine cases; updated 13 July - EN - [PNG-218.7 KB] –|

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The material herein is provided in a format for easy adaptation. See our Legal notice

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Keywords: ECDC; Updates; European Region; WNV; Human.

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12 Jul 2018

Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak in DRC–Situation Report No. 15 (@WHO, July 12 ‘18)

          

Title:

Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak in DRC–Situation Report No. 15.

Subject:

Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak in the Dem. Rep. of Congo, current epidemiological situation.

Source:

World Health Organization (WHO), full PDF file: (LINK).

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Keywords: WHO; Updates; Ebola; DRC.

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[#Nerve Agent, #Novichok] Public Health #England #statement on incident in #Amesbury (@PHE_uk, July 12 ‘18)

          

Title:

[#Nerve Agent, #Novichok] Public Health #England #statement on incident in #Amesbury.

Subject:

Toxic chemicals, Nerve Agent (Novichok), human contamination in England.

Source:

Public Health England (PHE), full page: (LINK).

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Latest information on Public Health England’s involvement in major incident declared in Amesbury.

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Published 4 July 2018 / Last updated 12 July 2018 — see all updates / From: Public Health England


Latest update

  • Professor Paul Cosford, Medical Director and Director of Health Protection at PHE, spoke at the Amesbury public meeting on 10 July 2018. In his speech, he said:
    • ‘’Firstly, I’d like to express my sincere condolences to Dawn Sturgess’ family and friends at this very sad time.
    • We fully recognise that the residents in Amesbury and the nearby areas are concerned. We share their shock that this has happened in their community and are working side by side with other agencies to ensure they receive all the advice and support they need.
    • PHE’s role is to evaluate the information that we have and assess the risk to the public, based on what we know. We are working very closely with the police and other partners and we keep our advice continually under review as new evidence emerges.
    • We have not seen any further cases of illness since Dawn Sturgess and Charlie Rowley became unwell and anyone who would have been exposed with significant exposure would be very sick by now.
    • The police have already cordoned off a number of sites in the area which could potentially be at risk. It is by using this information that we can say that the risk to the public in Salisbury and Amesbury remains low.
    • However, as a precaution, and as the Chief Medical Officer has said, I want to emphasise to everyone in the Salisbury and Amesbury area that nobody, adult or child, should pick up any foreign object which could contain (or may have previously contained) liquid or gel, in the interests of your own safety. This in practice means do not pick up containers, syringes, needles, cosmetics or similar objects made of materials such as metal, plastic or glass.
    • This is particularly important as we approach school holidays and so I am asking that people are extra vigilant and we urge parents to talk with your children to be sure they understand. To be clear: do not pick up anything that you haven’t dropped yourself.
    • You do not need to seek advice from a health professional unless you are experiencing symptoms. If you are concerned, you should call NHS 111. As before, you should continue to follow our advice and that of the police. Despite this event, PHE wants to stress that the risk to the general public remains low and there is no immediate health risk to anyone who may have been in the areas identified by police. As has already been mentioned, areas of Salisbury which have already been cleaned and are back in use remain safe.
    • Events of the past few days are shocking and very sad. PHE staff are working hard to ensure the community remains safe and that we encourage people to go about your daily lives as normal.

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|-- Novichok incident public advice leaflet PDF, 256KB, 3 pages –|

This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. Request an accessible format.

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Read our public health matters blog to answer frequently asked questions.

Read the statement from Professor Dame Sally Davies, Chief Medical Officer.

Wiltshire Police have established a helpline which can offer further advice: freephone 0800 092 0410 or 020 7158 0124.

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Keywords: UK; Updates; England; Toxic Chemicals.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N2, #Taiwan [a #poultry #outbreak] (#OIE, July 12 ‘18)

          

Title:

Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N2, #Taiwan [a #poultry #outbreak].

Subject:

Avian Influenza, H5N2 subtype, poultry epizootics in Taiwan.

Source:

OIE, full page: (LINK).

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Information received on 12/07/2018 from Dr Tai-Hwa Shih, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine Council of Agriculture Executive Yuan, Ministry of Agriculture, Taipei, Chinese Taipei

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 106
    • Date of start of the event    07/01/2015
    • Date of confirmation of the event    11/01/2015
    • Report date    12/07/2018
    • Date submitted to OIE    12/07/2018
    • Reason for notification    Recurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence    23/07/2014
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N2
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Killed and disposed of    - Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 771    - 161    - 161    - 610    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - 20.88%    - 20.88%    - 100.00%    - 100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Epidemiological comments   
    • Samples from Yunlin County were sent to the National Laboratory, Animal Health Research Institute (AHRI) for diagnosis.
    • Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N2 subtype was confirmed by AHRI.
    • The infected farm has been placed under movement restriction.
    • All animals on the infected farm have been culled.
    • Thorough cleaning and disinfection have been conducted after stamping out operation.
    • Surrounding poultry farms within 3 km radius of the infected farms are under intensified surveillance for three months.

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N2 ; Poultry; Taiwan.

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#Avian #influenza [#H5N8] in #Italy: #update (#IZSVE, July 12 ‘18)

          

Title:

#Avian #influenza [#H5N8] in #Italy: #update.

Subject:

Avian Influenza, Clade 2.3.4.4 H5 subtypes, global poultry panzootic, current epizootic situation in Italy.

Source:

National Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza, Padua, Italy, full page: (LINK).

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Posted: 16 September 2015 / Last update: 12 July 2018


Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in Italy

2016/2018 – H5N5, H5N8

  • Outbreaks | PDF (last update: 23/03/2018)
  • Maps | PDF (last update: 13/03/20187)


Resume

  • Starting from 28 December 2016, Italy was involved in the H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) epidemic that spread across Europe in 2016/17.
    • During this period, passive surveillance activities on wild bird population, provided for by the national program, allowed detecting 14 outbreaks of HPAI virus.
    • Among the 16 birds directly involved, 15 resulted positive for subtype H5N8 (8 mute swans, 1 rock pigeon, 1 greylag goose, 1 mallard, 1 Eurasian wigeon, 1 common kestrel, 1 common shelduck and a grey heron) and two tested positive for subtype H5N5 (gadwall and Eurasian wigeon).
    • For what concerns the poultry sector, eighty-three outbreaks were confirmed, affecting both rural and industrial sectors, and occurred in two distinct epidemic waves.
    • All notified cases were related to HPAI viruses subtype H5N8.
  • During the first wave, 16 holdings located in the North-east tested positive for HPAI, and 357,549 birds were culled because directly involved in the outbreaks.
    • The large majority of affected farms were close to wetlands where substantial populations of wild waterfowl were reported.
    • Contact tracking activities did not identify links between cases, and sequenced viruses revealed considerable nucleotide differences.
    • Point source introductions from wild reservoirs are therefore considered as the most likely origin of infection.
  • During the second epidemic wave, sixty-seven farms in the densely populated poultry areas (DPPA) were affected, with sparse incursions into western and central Italy.
    • 2,416,107 birds were culled because directly involved in the outbreaks.
    • Up to late September, epidemiological and genetic characteristics were comparable to the outbreaks reported in the first wave.
    • Since October, a larger number of secondary cases was observed, most of all in Brescia and Cremona provinces.
    • At-risk contacts were detected among related outbreaks, and phylogenetic analyses revealed 99-100% similarity between viruses isolated in those premises.
    • Sharing of personnel and vehicles and neighborhood spread between the outbreaks have been identified as the more likely sources of infection.
  • The last HPAI outbreak of the year 2017 was confirmed in a fattening turkey farm in Ravenna province on 11 December.
    • The farm is located in a scarcely populated poultry area, which is characterised by the presence of large wetlands.
    • Considering the notified presence of waterfowls near the infected farm and that no epidemiological links with previous outbreaks have been detected, contact with the wild reservoir has been identified as the more likely source of introduction.
  • In March 2018, three new HPAI H5N8 outbreaks had been identified in Lombardy region. Phylogenetic analyses revealed high similarity with the viruses isolated in Brescia province last autumn.

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Keywords: Italy; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N5; H5N8; Poultry; Wild Birds.

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[#Travel #Advice] #Polio [#cVDPV] in #Papua New Guinea (@CDCgov, July 12 ‘18)

          

Title:

[#Travel #Advice] #Polio [#cVDPV] in #Papua New Guinea.

Subject:

Circulating Vaccine-derived Poliovirus Type 1, Acute Flaccid Paralysis cases in Papua New Guinea.

Source:

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), full page: (LINK).

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  Alert - Level 2, Practice Enhanced Precautions 

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What is polio?

  • Polio is a crippling and potentially deadly disease that affects the nervous system.
    • It is spread through contact with the feces (poop) of an infected person.
    • It is also spread by drinking water or eating food that is contaminated with infected feces.
  • Most people with polio do not feel sick.
    • Some people have only minor symptoms, such as fever, tiredness, nausea, headache, nasal congestion, sore throat, cough, stiffness in the neck and back, and pain in the arms and legs.
    • In rare cases, polio infection causes permanent loss of muscle function (paralysis).
    • Polio can be fatal if there is loss of function of the muscles used for breathing or an infection of the brain.


Key points

  • There is an outbreak of polio in Papua New Guinea.
  • CDC recommends that all travelers to Papua New Guinea be fully vaccinated against polio.
  • Adults who have been fully vaccinated should receive a single lifetime booster dose of polio vaccine before travel.


What is the current situation?

  • An outbreak of polio has been reported in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea.


What can travelers do to prevent polio?

  • Get the polio vaccine: CDC recommends that all travelers to Papua New Guinea be fully vaccinated against polio. In addition, adults who have been fully vaccinated should receive a single lifetime booster dose of polio vaccine.
    • Ask your doctor or nurse to find out if you are up to date with your polio vaccination and whether you need a booster dose before traveling. Even if you were vaccinated as a child or have been sick with polio before, you may need a booster dose to make sure that you are protected.
    • Make sure children are vaccinated.
    • See the Polio Vaccine Information Statement for more information.


Clinician Information

  • The outbreak in Papua New Guinea is attributed to circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV), a marker of poor oral polio vaccine (OPV) coverage.
  • CDC recommends a single lifetime inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) booster dose for previously vaccinated travelers to countries with cVDPV outbreaks.
  • See the Vaccine section in Chapter 3, Poliomyelitis, CDC Health Information for International Travel, for specific vaccination details.


Additional Information


Traveler Information

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Keywords: US CDC; USA; Updates; AFP; VDPV-1; Papua New Guinea; Travel Warnings.

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#Update on #H5N6 #HPAI in #UK / #Europe and #H5N8 HPAI in Europe/Western #Russia (DEFRA, July 12 ‘18)

          

Title:

#Update on #H5N6 #HPAI in #UK / #Europe and #H5N8 HPAI in Europe/Western #Russia.

Subject:

Influenza A of Avian Origin, H5/H7 subtypes, global poultry panzootic, current epizootic situation in the European Region.

Source:

Department of Agriculture (DEFRA), United Kingdom, full PDF file: (LINK).

Code:

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Keywords: UK; Updates; European Region; Russia; Avian Influenza; H5N6; H5N8; Poultry; Wild Birds.

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