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23 May 2017

#Cholera cases in the Horn of #Africa and Gulf of #Aden – 19 May 2017 (@ECDC_EU, summary)

 

Title: #Cholera cases in the Horn of #Africa and Gulf of #Aden – 19 May 2017.

Subject: Cholera outbreaks in Yemen, Somalia; current situation and recommendation.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full page: (LINK). Summary.

Code: [     ]

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RAPID RISK ASSESSMENT

Cholera cases in the Horn of Africa and Gulf of Aden – 19 May 2017

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Suggested citation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Increase of cholera cases in the Horn of Africa and the Gulf of Aden – risk for EU/EEA citizens – 19 May 2017. Stockholm: ECDC; 2017. 

© European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, 2017

 

Main conclusions and options for response 

  • There has been an unusual increase in the number of cases of cholera in the Horn of Africa and the Gulf of Aden in recent years.
  • Despite the large number of travellers from the EU/EEA visiting countries in the Horn of Africa and the Gulf of Aden, particularly Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania, very few cases are reported each year among returning EU/EEA travellers.
  • In this context, the risk of cholera infection in travellers visiting these countries remains low, even though the likelihood of sporadic importation of cases may increase in the EU/EEA.
  • According to the World Health Organization, vaccination should be considered for travellers at higher risk such as emergency/relief workers who are likely to be directly exposed.
  • Vaccination is generally not recommended for other travellers [1]. 
  • Travellers to cholera endemic areas should seek advice from travel health clinics to assess their personal risk and apply precautionary sanitary and hygiene measures to prevent infection.
  • These can include drinking bottled water or water treated with chlorine, carefully washing fruits and vegetables with bottled or chlorinated water before consumption, regularly hand washing with soap, eating thoroughly cooked food and avoiding consumption of raw seafood products. 

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Keywords: ECDC; European Region; Updates; Cholera; Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya; Yemen; Tanzania.

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