Title: #MERS situation #update, January–February 2017.
Subject: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, current epidemiological situation in the Middle East region.
Source: World Health Organization (WHO), Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, full page: (LINK). Summary.
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MERS situation update, January–February 2017
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- At the end of February 2017, a total of 1916 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), including 702 deaths (case–fatality rate: 36.6%) were reported globally.
- Of these, Saudi Arabia reported a total of 1561 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 633 deaths (case–fatality rate: 40.6%).
- During the months of January and February 2017, an increase in the number of primary cases was observed in Saudi Arabia (18 primary cases) compared to the previous 2 months (17 primary cases), as well as during the same period in 2016 (13 primary cases).
- In January 2017, a total of 18 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 6 deaths (case–fatality rate: 33.3%) were reported, while in February a total of 12 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 3 deaths were reported from Saudi Arabia.
- No hospital outbreak was reported during the first 2 months of 2017.
- Despite this increase in primary cases, no significant increase in secondary cases or any difference in demographic or epidemiological characteristics of the cases were observed.
- The demographic and epidemiological characteristics of the cases reported in 2017 do not show any significant difference compared with cases reported during the same period from 2012 to 2016.
- The age group of those aged 50–59 years continues to be the group at highest risk for acquiring infection as primary cases for both males and females.
- However, the females in the age group of 20–29 and 30–39 are acquiring MERS infection in higher numbers when compared to males in the same age group.
Keywords: MERS-CoV; Middle East; WHO; Updates.