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16 Dec 2016

The #EU #summary #report on #trends and #sources of #zoonoses, zoonotic agents and #foodborne #outbreaks in 2015 (@ECDC_EU)

 

Title: The #EU #summary #report on #trends and #sources of #zoonoses, zoonotic agents and #foodborne #outbreaks in 2015.

Subject: Infectious Diseases agents in the European Union, summary report.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full PDF file: (LINK). Summary.

Code: [     ]

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The European Union summary report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks in 2015

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SCIENTIFIC REPORT

APPROVED: 21 November 2016 / doi: 10.2903/j.efsa.2016.4634

The European Union summary report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks in 2015 – EFSA & ECDC

 

Abstract

  • This report of EFSA and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control presents the results of the zoonoses monitoring activities carried out in 2015 in 32 European countries (28 Member States (MS) and four non-MS).
  • Campylobacteriosis was the most commonly reported zoonosis and the increasing European Union (EU) trend for confirmed human cases since 2008 continued.
  • In food, the occurrence of Campylobacter remained high in broiler meat.
  • The decreasing EU trend for confirmed human salmonellosis cases since 2008 continued, but the proportion of human Salmonella Enteritidis cases increased.
  • Most MS met their Salmonella reduction targets for poultry.
  • More S. Enteritidis isolates were reported and S. Infantis was confirmed as the most frequent serovar isolated from domestic fowl.
  • In foodstuffs, the EU level Salmonella non-compliance for minced meat and meat preparations from poultry was low.
  • Despite the significant increasing trend since 2008, the number of human listeriosis cases stabilised in 2015.
  • In ready-to-eat foods, Listeria monocytogenes seldom exceeded the EU food safety limit.
  • The decreasing EU trend for confirmed yersiniosis cases since 2008 continued.
  • Positive findings for Yersinia were mainly reported in pig meat and products thereof.
  • The number of confirmed shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections in humans was similar to 2014.
  • In food, STEC was most frequently reported in meat from ruminants.
  • A total of 4,362 food-borne outbreaks, including waterborne outbreaks, were reported.
  • Bacteria were the most commonly detected causative agents, followed by bacterial toxins, viruses, other causative agents and parasites.
  • The causative agent remained unknown in 33.5% of all outbreaks.
  • As in previous years, Salmonella in eggs continued to represent the highest risk agent/food combination.
  • The report further summarises trends and sources for tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis, Brucella, Trichinella, Echinococcus, Toxoplasma, rabies, Coxiella burnetii (Q fever), West Nile virus and tularaemia.

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© 2016 European Food Safety Authority. EFSA Journal published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd on behalf of European Food Safety Authority.

Keywords: zoonoses, monitoring, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Listeria, parasites, food-borne outbreaks

Requestor: European Commission

Question number: EFSA-Q-2015-00656

Correspondence: zoonoses@efsa.europa.eu

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Acknowledgements: EFSA and the ECDC wish to thank the members of the Scientific Network for Zoonoses Monitoring Data and the Food and Waterborne Diseases and Zoonoses Network, who provided the data and reviewed the report; the members of the Scientific Network for Zoonoses Monitoring Data for their endorsement of this scientific report; the EFSA staff members (Frank Boelaert, Giusi Amore, Yves Van der Stede, Krisztina Nagy, Valentina Rizzi, Ivanova Mirena, Anca Stoicescu, Francesca Riolo, Andrea Gervelmeyer), the ECDC staff members (Taina Niskanen, Ines Reulet, Joana Gomes Dias, Herve Zeller, Laurence Marrama, Vahur Hollo and Csaba K€odm€on) and the EFSA contractors: the Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Italy (and staff members: Antonia Ricci, Lisa Barco, Simone Belluco, Marzia Mancin, Ilaria Patuzzi and Carmen Losasso), the Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Italy (and staff members: Stefano Morabito, Gaia Scavia, Ida Luzzi, Arnold Knijn, Claudia Lucarelli, Edoardo Pozio and Adriano Casulli) and the School of Veterinay Medicine – Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece (and staff members: Apostolos Angelidis) for the support provided to this scientific report.

Suggested citation: EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) and ECDC (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control), 2016. The European Union summary report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks in 2015. EFSA Journal 2016;14(12):4634, 231 pp. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2016.4634 ISSN: 1831-4732

© 2016 European Food Safety Authority. EFSA Journal published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd on behalf of European Food Safety Authority. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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Keywords: ECDC; Updates; EU; Food Safety; Infectious Diseases.

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