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2 Dec 2016

#India, Japanese #Encephalitis and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome – #Situation #Update as of December 2 2016 (Govt., edited)

 

Title: #India, Japanese #Encephalitis and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome – #Situation #Update as of December 2 2016.

Subject: Viral Encephalitis, current epidemiological situation in India.

Source: Government of India, Press Information Bureau, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Japanese Encephalitis and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome – Situation Update as of December 2 2016

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As per the reports submitted by the States/UTs, 257 districts are affected by JE and 442 districts are affected by AES.

Statements indicating State/UT-wise, number of JE and AES cases and deaths reported during the last three years and the current year, are given below:

 

State wise Number of JE Case (C) and Death (D) - 2013 to 2016 (till 27.11.2016)

[Sl. No - States/ UTs - No. of Districts –- Year : 2013 (Cases – Deaths) – 2014 (C-D) – 2015 (C-D) - 2016 (P) till 27.11.2016]

  1. Andhra Pradesh – 1 –- 7 – 3 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0
  2. Arunachal Pradesh – 11 -– 0 – 0 – 32 – 3 – 32 – 2 – 0 – 0
  3. Assam – 28 –- 495 – 134 – 761 – 165 – 614 – 135 – 416 – 85
  4. Bihar – 23 – 14 – 0 – 20 – 2 – 66 – 12 – 82 – 20
  5. Delhi – 8 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 1 – 0 – 0 – 0
  6. Goa – 2 – 3 – 1 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 1 – 0
  7. Haryana – 5 – 2 – 0 – 5 – 1 – 2 – 0 – 2  - 0
  8. Jharkhand – 16 – 89 – 5 – 90 – 2 – 116 – 8 – 43 – 5
  9. Karnataka – 16 – 2 – 0 – 13 – 0 – 27 – 1 – 1 – 0
  10. Kerala – 7 – 2 – 0 – 3 – 2 – 2 – 1 – 2 – 0
  11. Maharashtra – 3 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 7 – 0 – 4 – 0
  12. Manipur – 8 – 0 – 0 – 1 – 0 – 6 – 0 – 44 – 1
  13. Meghalaya – 8 – 0 – 0 – 72 – 3 – 41 – 8 – 34 – 4
  14. Nagaland – 8 – 4 – 0 – 6 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0
  15. Odisha – 15 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 33 – 2 – 221 – 39
  16. Punjab – 2 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 1 – 0
  17. Tamil Nadu – 28 – 33 – 0 – 36 – 3 – 53 – 0 – 36 – 0
  18. Telangana – 7 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 8 – 1 – 4 – 0
  19. Tripura – 8 – 14 – 0 – 14 – 0 – 28 – 4 – 77 – 1
  20. Uttar Pradesh -  32 – 281 – 47 – 191 – 34 – 351 – 42 – 353 – 68
  21. Uttarakhand – 1 – 0 – 0 – 2 – 0 – 2 – 0 – 0 – 0
  22. West Bengal – 20 – 140 – 12 – 415 – 78 – 342 – 75 – 153 – 33
    • Grand Total – 257 – (1086 – 202) – (1661 – 293) – (1731 – 291) – (1474 – 256)

 

State wise Number of AES Case (C) and Death (D) - 2013 to 2016 (till 27.11.2016)

[Sl. No - States/ UTs - No. of Districts – Year: 2013 (Cases – Deaths) – 2014 (C-D) – 2015 (C-D) - 2016 (P)till 27.11.2016]

  1. Andhra Pradesh – 13 – 345 – 3 – 31 – 0 – 50 – 0 – 4 – 0
  2. Arunachal Pradesh – 17 – 0 – 0 – 102 – 11 – 73 – 2 – 1 – 0
  3. Assam – 28 – 1388 – 272 – 2194 – 360 – 1409 – 260 – 1668 – 183
  4. Bihar – 40 – 417 – 143 – 1358 – 355 – 285 – 90 – 269 – 90
  5. Delhi – 8 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 1 – 0 – 0 – 0
  6. Goa – 2 – 48 – 1 – 17 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 12 – 0
  7. Haryana – 14 – 2 – 0 – 6 – 1 – 2 – 0 – 2 – 0
  8. Jharkhand  - 24 – 270 – 5 – 288 – 2 – 217 – 8 – 288 – 5
  9. Karnataka – 32 – 162 – 0 – 75 – 0 – 335 – 1 – 193 – 0
  10. Kerala – 14 – 53 – 6 – 6 – 2 – 29 – 3 – 13 – 3
  11. Maharashtra – 27 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 51 – 0 – 28 – 0
  12. Manipur – 10 – 1 – 0 – 16 – 0 – 34 – 0 – 437 – 1
  13. Meghalaya – 11 – 0 – 0 – 212 – 3 – 174 – 8 – 89 – 4
  14. Nagaland – 12 – 20 – 0 – 20 – 1 – 10 – 1 – 0 – 0
  15. Odisha – 30 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 660 – 2 – 960 – 106
  16. Punjab – 22 – 0 – 0 – 2 – 0 – 1 – 0 – 1 – 0
  17. Tamil Nadu – 44 – 77 – 8 – 346 – 4 – 847 – 0 – 624 – 2
  18. Telangana – 10 – 0 – 0 – 155 – 5 – 157 – 1 – 57 – 0
  19. Tripura – 8 – 211 – 0 – 323 – 0 – 459  - 4 – 306 – 1
  20. Uttar Pradesh – 43 – 3096 – 609 – 3329 – 627 – 2894 – 479 – 3599 – 569
  21. Uttarakhand – 13 – 0 – 0 – 2 – 0 – 2 – 0 – 0 – 0
  22. West Bengal – 20 – 1735 – 226 – 2385 – 348 – 2165 – 351 – 1601 – 235
    • Grand Total – 442 – (7825 – 1273) – (10867 – 1719) – (9855  - 1210) – (10152 – 1199)

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  • AES is caused by various reasons like bacteria, virus etc. of which only JE is vaccine preventable disease, for which vaccination is provided.
  • As on date, out of 216 endemic districts, 198 have been covered under JE vaccination campaign in 1-15 years children.
    • The campaign is followed by two doses of JE vaccine under Routine Immunization (at 9-12 months and 16-24 months) to cover the new cohort under Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) since 2006.
  • Adult JE vaccination has been completed in 5 districts of Assam and selected blocks of 7 districts of UP and 9 districts of West Bengal.
    • More Blocks have been identified for Adult JE vaccination campaign (>15-65 years) in the States of West Bengal and Assam.
  • A multi-pronged strategy has been adopted under the National Programme for Prevention and Control of JE/AES approved by the cabinet on 18.10.2012 in sixty high priority districts in 5 States of Assam, Bihar,
  • Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal with the participation of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation, Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Ministry of Women &Child Development and Ministry of Human Resource Development (Department of School Education & Literacy).
    • The Major components under the Programme include strengthening of JE/AES surveillance by establishing sentinel laboratories, reduction in case fatality rate by establishment of Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at district level in 60 high burdened districts, capacity building in critical case management, JE vaccination, supply of safe drinking water, establishment of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department in 10 identified medical college of five states.
  • Number of sentinel sites increased from 51 in 2005 to 130 at present.
  • Apex Referral Laboratories increased from 12 to 15.
  • Out of 216 endemic districts, 197 districts covered under JE vaccination campaign in 1-15 years children.
  • Adult JE vaccination completed in 5 districts of Assam and selected blocks of 7 districts of UP and 9 districts of West Bengal. More Blocks have been identified for Adult JE vaccination campaign (>15-65 years) in the States of West Bengal and Assam.
  • Till date funds released for 42 Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU).
  • Funds have been released for 10 Physical Medicine Rehabilitation (PMR).

The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Sh Faggan Singh Kulaste stated this in a written reply in the Lok Sabha here today.

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MV/LK / (Release ID :154771)

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Keywords: India, Updates; Japanese Encephalitis; Acute Encephalitis Syndrome.

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