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  Title : #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 in #China: Preventing the Next #SARS. Subject : Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype (Asian Lineage), poultry e...

5 Dec 2016

Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #France [six #poultry #outbreaks] (#OIE, Dec. 5 ‘16)

 

Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #France [six #poultry #outbreaks].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry epizootics in France.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, France

Information received on 02/12/2016 from Dr Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France

  • Summary
    • Report type Follow-up report No. 1
    • Date of start of the event 25/11/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event 01/12/2016
    • Report date 02/12/2016
    • Date submitted to OIE 02/12/2016
    • Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    • Related reports
      • Immediate notification (02/12/2016) / Follow-up report No. 1 (02/12/2016)
  • New outbreaks (6)
    • Outbreak 1 (5) - Monlezun, Monlezun, GERS
      • Date of start of the outbreak 01/12/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Farm
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Birds – 15600 – 100 – 100 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: The animals of the farm (1,600 ducks in gavage stage and 14,000 ducks ready for gavage), epidemiologically related to the outbreak in Tarn, will be destroyed on December 7th, 2016.
    • Outbreak 2 (6) - Eauze, Eauze, GERS
      • Date of start of the outbreak 01/12/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Farm
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Birds – 1640 – 100 – 100 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population: The ducks of the farm epidemiologically related to the outbreak in Tarn will be destroyed on December 3rd, 2016.
    • Outbreak 3 (6) - Beaumont sur l''''Osse, Beaumont sur l''''Osse, GERS
      • Date of start of the outbreak 01/12/2016
      • Outbreak status Resolved (02/12/2016)
      • Epidemiological unit Farm
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Birds – 690 – 100 – 100 – 590 – 0
          • Affected population: The ducks of the farm epidemiologically related to the outbreak in Tarn were destroyed this day.
    • Outbreak 4 (3) - Monbahus, Monbahus, LOT-ET-GARONNE
      • Date of start of the outbreak 01/12/2016
      • Outbreak status Resolved (02/12/2016)
      • Epidemiological unit Farm
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Birds – 4950 – 200 – 200 – 4750 – 0
          • Affected population: The animals of the farm epidemiologically related to the outbreak in Tarn were pre-emptively destroyed on December 2nd, 2016.
    • Outbreak 5 (2) - Almayrac, Almayrac, TARN
      • Date of start of the outbreak 01/12/2016
      • Outbreak status Resolved (02/12/2016)
      • Epidemiological unit Farm
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Birds – 6120 – 300 – 300 – 5820 – 0
          • Affected population: As reported in previous report, the ducks of the farm in the immediate proximity of the primary outbreak were pre-emptively destroyed on December 2nd, 2016.
    • Outbreak 6 (4) - Ibos, Ibos, HAUTES-PYRÉNÉES
      • Date of start of the outbreak 01/12/2016
      • Outbreak status Resolved (02/12/2016)
      • Epidemiological unit Farm
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Birds – 1000 – … – 0 – 1000 – 0
          • Affected population: The ducks of the farm epidemiologically related to the outbreak in Tarn were destroyed this day.
    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 6
        • Total animals affected: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
          • Birds – 30000 - 800 ** – 800 – 12160 – 0
        • Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
          • Birds – ** - 2.67% – ** - 43.20%
            • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
            • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Contact with wild species
  • Epidemiological comments
    • A 3-km protection zone and a 10-km surveillance zone were implemented around the affected farms.
  • Control measures
    • Measures applied
      • Screening
      • Disinfection / Disinfestation
      • Traceability
      • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
      • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
      • Zoning
      • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
      • No treatment of affected animals
    • Measures to be applied
      • Stamping out
      • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type – Species – Test - Test date – Result
      • LD 24 Department Laboratory (Local laboratory) – Birds - real-time PCR - 02/12/2016 – Positive
      • ANSES National Reference Laboratory for avian influenza and Newcastle disease, Ploufragan  (National laboratory) – Birds - nucleotide sequencing - 01/12/2016 – Positive
      • ANSES National Reference Laboratory for avian influenza and Newcastle disease, Ploufragan (National laboratory) – Birds - real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) - 01/12/2016 – Positive
  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; H5N8; Avian Influenza; Poultry; France.

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