BOA1

Featured post

#Assessment of #risk associated with #influenza A(#H5N8) virus, 17 November 2016 (@WHO)

  Title : #Assessment of #risk associated with #influenza A(#H5N8) virus, 17 November 2016. Subject : Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, multi...

16 Nov 2016

Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Switzerland [twenty-two #wildbirds #epizootics] (#OIE, Nov. 16 ‘16)

 

Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Switzerland [twenty-two #wildbirds #epizootics].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, epizootics in wild birds, Switzerland.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

_____

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Switzerland

Information received on 16/11/2016 from Mr Hans Wyss, Chief Veterinary Officer, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, LIEBEFELD BERNE, Switzerland

  • Summary
    • Report type Follow-up report No. 1
    • Date of start of the event 05/11/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event 09/11/2016
    • Report date 16/11/2016
    • Date submitted to OIE 16/11/2016
    • Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence 02/2008
    • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    • Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    • This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    • Related reports
      • Immediate notification (10/11/2016) / Follow-up report No. 1 (16/11/2016)
  • New outbreaks (22)
    • Outbreak 1 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lake Constance, Kreuzlingen, Kreuzlingen, THURGAU
      • Date of start of the outbreak 07/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals:  Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 2 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lake Constance, Eschenz, Frauenfeld, THURGAU
      • Date of start of the outbreak 07/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 3 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lake Constance, Stein am Rhein, Stein, SCHAFFHAUSEN
      • Date of start of the outbreak 07/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – …  - 3 – 3 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 4 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lake Constance, Schaffhausen, Schaffhausen, SCHAFFHAUSEN
      • Date of start of the outbreak 09/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 3 – 3 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 5 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lake Constance, Romanshorn, Arbon, THURGAU
      • Date of start of the outbreak 09/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species  - Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 6 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lake Constance, Steckborn, Frauenfeld, THURGAU
      • Date of start of the outbreak 09/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 7 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lac Leman, Lausanne, Lausanne, VAUD
      • Date of start of the outbreak 10/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Black-headed Gull: Larus ridibundus (Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 8 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lake Constance, Tägerwilen, Kreuzlingen, THURGAU
      • Date of start of the outbreak 11/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 9 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lac Leman, Morges, Morges, VAUD
      • Date of start of the outbreak 11/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
        • Red-crested Pochard: Netta rufina (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 10 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lake Constance, Eschenz, Frauenfeld, THURGAU
      • Date of start of the outbreak 12/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Anatidae (unidentified): Anatidae (incognita)(Anatidae) – … – 2 – 2 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 11 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lac de Neuchâtel, Hauterive, Neuchâtel, NEUCHATEL
      • Date of start of the outbreak 13/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Great Crested Grebe: Podiceps cristatus (Podicipedidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 12 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lac de Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, NEUCHATEL
      • Date of start of the outbreak 13/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Herring Gull: Larus argentatus (Laridae)  - … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 13 (HPAI_2016_1) - Bielersee, Biel, Biel, BERN
      • Date of start of the outbreak 13/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 14 (HPAI_2016_1) - Bielersee, Täuffelen, Seeland, BERN
      • Date of start of the outbreak 13/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Black-headed Gull: Larus ridibundus (Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 15 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lac de Neuchâtel, Estavayer-le-Lac, Broye, FRIBOURG
      • Date of start of the outbreak 13/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Mute Swan: Cygnus olor (Anatidae) – … – 2 – 2 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 16 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lac de Neuchâtel, Yvonand, Jura-Nord vaudois, VALAIS
      • Date of start of the outbreak 13/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Black-headed Gull: Larus ridibundus (Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 17 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lac de Neuchâtel, Portalban, Broye, FRIBOURG
      • Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Herring Gull: Larus argentatus (Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 18 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lake Constance, Tägerwilen, Kreuzlingen, THURGAU
      • Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Great Crested Grebe: Podiceps cristatus (Podicipedidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 19 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lac Leman, Saint-Sulpice, Ouest lausannois, VAUD
      • Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Common Pochard: Aythya ferina (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 20 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lac Leman, Lausanne, Lausanne, VAUD
      • Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Black-headed Gull: Larus ridibundus (Laridae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 21 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lac de Neuchâtel, Hauterive, Neuchâtel, NEUCHATEL
      • Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – …  - 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Outbreak 22 (HPAI_2016_1) - Lac de Neuchâtel, St Blaise, Neuchâtel, NEUCHATEL
      • Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2016
      • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 22
        • Total animals affected: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
          • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – … – 20 – 20 – 0 – 0
          • Black-headed Gull: Larus ridibundus (Laridae) – … – 4 – 4 – 0 – 0
          • Red-crested Pochard: Netta rufina (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
          • Anatidae (unidentified): Anatidae (incognita)(Anatidae) – … – 2 – 2 – 0 – 0
          • Great Crested Grebe: Podiceps cristatus (Podicipedidae) – … – 2 – 2 – 0 – 0
          • Herring Gull: Larus argentatus (Laridae) – … – 2 – 2 – 0 – 0
          • Mute Swan: Cygnus olor (Anatidae) – … – 2 – 2 – 0 – 0
          • Common Pochard: Aythya ferina (Anatidae) – … – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0
        • Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
          • Tufted Duck: Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • Black-headed Gull: Larus ridibundus (Laridae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • Red-crested Pochard: Netta rufina (Anatidae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • Anatidae (unidentified): Anatidae (incognita)(Anatidae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • Great Crested Grebe: Podiceps cristatus (Podicipedidae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • Herring Gull: Larus argentatus (Laridae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • Mute Swan: Cygnus olor(Anatidae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
          • Common Pochard: Aythya ferina (Anatidae) – ** – ** - 100.00% – **
            • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
            • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Control measures
    • Measures applied
      • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
      • Zoning
      • Vaccination prohibited
      • No treatment of affected animals
    • Measures to be applied
      • No other measures
  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type – Species – Test - Test date – Result
      • National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) - Anatidae (unidentified) - reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) - 15/11/2016 – Positive
      • National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) - Black-headed Gull - reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) - 15/11/2016 – Positive
      • National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) - Common Pochard - reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) - 15/11/2016 – Positive
      • National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) – Great  Crested Grebe  - reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) - 15/11/2016 – Positive
      • National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) - Herring Gull - reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) - 15/11/2016 – Positive
      • National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) - Mute Swan - reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) - 15/11/2016 – Positive
      • National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) - Red-crested Pochard - reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) - 15/11/2016 – Positive
      • National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) - Tufted Duck - reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) - 15/11/2016 – Positive
  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

-

Keywords: OIE; Updates; H5N8; Avian Influenza; Wild Birds; Switzerland.

-----