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28 Oct 2016

#Zika Virus, #Global #Epidemiological #situation as of October 28 2016 (@ECDC_EU)

 

Title: #Zika Virus, #Global #Epidemiological #situation as of October 28 2016.

Subject: Zika Virus Infection and related complications, weekly global ECDC update.

Source: European Centre for Disease prevention and Control (ECDC), full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Zika Virus, Global Epidemiological situation as of October 28 2016

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This page was last updated on 28 October 2016

Since 2015, and as of 28 October 2016, there have been 69 countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne transmission of the virus. According to WHO and as of 26 October 2016, 23 countries or territories have reported microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations in newborns potentially associated with Zika virus infection.

 

Weekly summary

  • In the USA, 15 new locally-acquired cases have been reported in Florida since the last CDTR, bringing the cumulative number of locally-acquired cases to 181. 
  • On 24 October, the Ministry of Health in Spain notified the third case of congenital Zika virus infection in the country.
  • ECDC is preparing the ninth update of the rapid risk assessment including the new country classification.

 

Update on number of cases

  • The USA
    • Fifteen locally-acquired cases have been recorded in Florida over the past week.
    • To date, 181 locally-acquired and 765 imported cases of Zika have been reported in Florida.
    • The distribution of the locally-acquired cases is as follows: 169 in Miami-Dade, five in Palm beach, one in Pinellas and one in Broward.
    • The location of exposure for the other five cases is still under investigation.
  • EU/EEA imported cases
    • Since July 2015 (week 26), 20 countries (Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) have reported 1 942 travel-associated Zika virus infections through The European Surveillance System (TESSy).
    • Over the same time period, seven EU countries reported 91 Zika cases among pregnant women.
  • EU’s Outermost Regions and Territories
    • As of 20 October 2016:
      • Martinique:
        • 36 590 suspected cases have been reported, an increase of 65 cases during the last week. Martinique declared the Zika outbreak phase over.
      • French Guiana:
        • 9 851 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 40 cases since the previous week. According to the regional situation report, the epidemic is over.
      • Guadeloupe:
        • 30 775 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 55 suspected cases since the previous week. The weekly number of cases has been decreasing.
      • St Barthélemy:
        • 820 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 15 suspected cases since the previous week. The weekly number of cases is stable.
      • St Martin:
        • 2 670 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 70 suspected cases since the previous week. The weekly number of cases is stable
  • Since February 2016, 12 countries have reported evidence of person-to-person transmission of Zika virus, probably via a sexual route.

 

Update on microcephaly and/or central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection 

 

ECDC Assessment

  • The spread of the Zika virus in the Americas and Asia is likely to continue as the vectors (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes) are widely distributed there.
  • The likelihood of travel-related cases in the EU is increasing.
  • A detailed risk assessment was published on 30 August 2016.
  • As neither treatment nor vaccines are available, prevention is based on personal protection measures.
  • Pregnant women should consider postponing non-essential travel to Zika-affected areas.

 

Countries and territories with reported confirmed autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection in the past three months, as of 28 October 2016 

[Countries – Region - Last case since 3 months]

  1. American Samoa – … Widespread transmission
  2. Anguilla – … - Widespread transmission
  3. Antigua and Barbuda – … - Widespread transmission
  4. Aruba – … - Widespread transmission
  5. Bahamas – … - Widespread transmission
  6. Barbados – … - Widespread transmission
  7. Belize – … - Widespread transmission
  8. Bolivia – … - Widespread transmission
  9. Bonaire – … - Widespread transmission
  10. Brazil – … - Widespread transmission
  11. British Virgin Islands (UK) – … - Sporadic transmission
  12. Cayman Islands – … - Sporadic transmission
  13. Colombia – … - Widespread transmission
  14. Costa Rica – … - Widespread transmission
  15. Cuba – … - Sporadic transmission
  16. Curaçao – … - Widespread transmission
  17. Dominica – … - Widespread transmission
  18. Dominican Republic – … - Widespread transmission
  19. Ecuador – … - Widespread transmission
  20. El Salvador – … - Widespread transmission
  21. Fiji – … - Widespread transmission
  22. French Guiana – … - Widespread transmission
  23. Grenada – … - Widespread transmission
  24. Guadeloupe – … - Widespread transmission
  25. Guatemala – … - Widespread transmission
  26. Haiti – … - Widespread transmission
  27. Honduras – … - Widespread transmission
  28. Jamaica – … - Widespread transmission
  29. Malaysia – … - Sporadic transmission
  30. Maldives – … - Sporadic transmission
  31. Martinique  - … - Widespread transmission
  32. Mexico – … - Widespread transmission
  33. Micronesia, Federated States of – … - Widespread transmission
  34. Nicaragua – … - Widespread transmission
  35. Panama – … - Widespread transmission
  36. Paraguay – … - Widespread transmission
  37. Peru – … - Widespread transmission
  38. Philippines – … - Widespread transmission
  39. Puerto Rico – … - Widespread transmission
  40. Saba – … - Sporadic transmission
  41. Saint Kitts and Nevis – … - Sporadic transmission
  42. Saint Lucia – … - Widespread transmission
  43. Saint Martin – … - Widespread transmission
  44. Saint-Barthélemy – … - Widespread transmission
  45. Singapore – … - Widespread transmission
  46. Sint Eustatius – … - Sporadic transmission
  47. Sint Maarten – … - Widespread transmission
  48. Suriname – … - Widespread transmission
  49. Thailand – … - Widespread transmission
  50. Trinidad and Tobago – … - Widespread transmission
  51. United States of America - Miami-Dade - Widespread transmission
  52. United States of America – Broward - Sporadic transmission
  53. United States of America - Palm Beach - Sporadic transmission
  54. US Virgin Islands – … - Widespread transmission
  55. Venezuela – … - Widespread transmission
  56. Vietnam – … - Widespread transmission
  57. United States of America – Pinellas - Sporadic transmission
    • The classification of countries above is based on:
      • 1) number of reported autochthonous confirmed cases;
      • 2) number of countries who report a zika virus transmission or a country’s transmission status changes;
      • 3) duration of the circulation.

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​All latest ECDC maps with information on countries or territories with reported confirmed autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection

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Keywords: ECDC; Updates; European Region; Worldwide; Zika Virus.

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