6/21/2013

Taiwan: Globally first human infection with avian influenza virus H6N1 detected (Health Min., June 21 2013, edited)

[Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Taiwan, full page in Chinese: (LINK). Automatic translation.]

Taiwan: Globally first human infection with avian influenza virus H6N1 detected

Domestic appear isolated from respiratory diseases H6N1 flu virus cases, the patient has been cured, the CDC urged people to make personal health management (2013-06-21)

 

Disease Control, Department of Health on May 20 received a notification of a hospital, a 20-year-old woman living in central Patients with mild pneumonia isolated from respiratory specimens of not subtyped influenza A viruses, further examination by the Board and DNA sequencing was carried H6N1 influenza virus.

After investigation of close contacts 36 cases, of which four people have flu-like symptoms, the test found no H6N1 influenza virus infection, the council will continue to strengthen monitoring.    

CDC pointed out that the woman tied to a breakfast shop work, never to go abroad, but also no history of exposure to related birds, May 5 with fever, cough, headache and muscle pain and other symptoms, May 8 morning because persistent fever and shortness of hospitalization and medical treatment, the X-ray examination showed a slight pneumonia, influenza antivirals in the administration of the symptoms improved, was discharged on May 11, has been recovered.

May 7 were collected from patients' respiratory specimens isolated H6N1 virus, May 24 patient serum specimens H6N1 antibody HI titer of 1:20,6 … serum was collected from 1:40. In addition to the acquisition of the council respiratory specimens tested for influenza viruses, but also against the viruses such as respiratory infections common adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, coronavirus, enterovirus and rhinovirus and other 23 kinds of testing, with negative results.

Agricultural authorities also grouped cases within 1 km around the house poultry farm poultry collected two specimens tested, the results were not detected H6N1 avian influenza virus.    

The council since 1999, in addition to the statutory infectious diseases (influenza complications) patient monitoring tests, but also to the community regularly hospitalized influenza patients and patients with unexplained pneumonia collected specimens for influenza virus testing, systematic monitor the activities of domestic influenza virus and the clinical situation the actual situation.

The number of samples tested annually about 1 to 20,000, has accumulated more than 250,000, identification and separation of about 86,000 strains of influenza virus, in addition to this (102) inspection of an imported H7N9 avian influenza viruses, never detected from the human body, including H6N1 physical examination, including other non-H1, H3 subtype influenza A viruses.    

Case by invited agricultural agencies and related medical and veterinary experts meeting to discuss, according to the existing epidemiological findings judged the case based on the performance of minor sporadic cases of pneumonia, no evidence of human to human transmission phenomenon, health and agricultural authorities will also continue to strengthen humans, birds and environment monitoring.    

H6N1 is widespread among poultry low pathogenic avian influenza virus has not been found in human cases of infection worldwide. The patients are separated by a viral gene sequences are shown in the case of avian origin, and the local poultry H6N1 strain of the virus most closely on Tamiflu and other antiviral drugs Relenza sensitive.    

CDC appealed against avian influenza virus infection, livestock related practitioners should be prepared to personal protective measures, the public should avoid unnecessary contact with livestock animals, and should wash their hands, eat well cooked poultry meat and eggs class, in order to reduce the risk of infection. In addition, flu-like symptoms or conjunctivitis, etc., should wear masks for medical treatment as soon as possible, and take the initiative to inform physicians livestock work history and history of exposure to birds.

Relevant international bird flu epidemic and the related control measures can be found in the council WWW ( http://www.cdc.gov.tw ), or call the national toll-free reporting and caring people dedicated 1922 epidemic, such as the phone can not make simple code phone numbers, please dial 0800-001922 prevention hotline

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