3/12/2013

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1, Cambodia (OIE World Animal Health Information System, March 12 2013, edited)

[Source: OIE, full page: (LINK). Edited.]

Highly pathogenic avian influenza, Cambodia

Information received on 12/03/2013 from Dr Sen Sovann, Deputy Secretary General , Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries , Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries , Phnom Penh, Cambodia 

  • Summary
    • Report type Follow-up report No. 3
    • Date of start of the event 09/01/2013
    • Date of pre-confirmation of the event 24/01/2013
    • Report date 12/03/2013
    • Date submitted to OIE 12/03/2013
    • Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence 11/06/2012
    • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    • Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype H5N1
    • Nature of diagnosis Suspicion, Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    • This event pertains to the whole country
    • Related reports
      • Immediate notification (27/01/2013)
      • Follow-up report No. 1 (30/01/2013)
      • Follow-up report No. 2 (22/02/2013)
      • Follow-up report No. 3 (12/03/2013)
  • New outbreaks (1) 
    • Outbreak 1 (151/13 NaVRI) - Knar Thmey, Chreave, Siem Reap, SIEM REAP
      • Date of start of the outbreak 20/02/2013
      • Outbreak status Resolved (23/02/2013)
      • Epidemiological unit Farm
      • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Birds  - 2369 – 10 – 10 – 2359 – 0
        • Affected population Poultry farm
  • Summary of outbreaks
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Birds – 2369 – 10 – 10 – 2359 – 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds - 0.42% - 0.42% - 100.00% - 100.00%
        • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Epidemiological comments
    • After having informed by the owner that his poultry was sick and was dying, the district and provincial veterinary services went there to investigate and took some samples (sick poultry), which were sent to NaVRI.
    • The samples were confirmed positive for H5N1.
  • Control measures
    • Measures applied
      • Stamping out
      • Movement control inside the country
      • Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
      • Dipping / Spraying
      • Vaccination prohibited
      • No treatment of affected animals
    • Measures to be applied
      • No other measures
  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type – Species – Test - Test date – Result
      • National Veterinary Research Institute (NaVRI) (National laboratory) – Birds - anatomo-pathological examination - 19/02/2013 – Positive
      • National Veterinary Research Institute (NaVRI) (National laboratory) – Birds - anatomo-pathological examination - 22/02/2013 – Positive
      • National Veterinary Research Institute (NaVRI) (National laboratory) – Birds - real-time PCR - 19/02/2013 – Positive
      • National Veterinary Research Institute (NaVRI) (National laboratory) – Birds - real-time PCR - 22/02/2013 – Positive
  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

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