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26 Mar 2013

Acute Respiratory Syndrome–Argentina (ECDC/CDTR, March 26 2013, edited)

[Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full PDF document: (LINK). Edited.]


Week 12, 17-23 March 2013



Acute Respiratory Syndrome –Argentina

Opening date: 2 February 2013 Latest update: 27 February 2013


Epidemiological summary

A cluster of acute severe respiratory disease was reported in January in Carmen de Areco, Buenos Aires province, in a local hospital.

Of the 11 affected patients ten were health care workers.

Besides respiratory symptoms, patients complained of headache, myalgia, fever and gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.

Two of the patients died, the others were discharged.

In four of ten samples analysed influenza A virus was detected by PCR.

On 18 March, local health authorities in Buenos Aires province announced in a press conference that Legionnaires' disease caused the outbreak. The source of the outbreak was not identified.


ECDC assessment

The diagnosis of Legionnaires' disease as reported by the health authorities in Buenos Aires province is consistent with the disease presentation.