28 Jan 2013

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1, Cambodia (OIE, January 28 2013, edited)

[Source: OIE, full page: (LINK). Edited.]

Highly pathogenic avian influenza, Cambodia

Information received on 27/01/2013 from Dr Sen Sovann, Deputy Secretary General , Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries , Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries , Phnom Penh, Cambodia

  • Summary
    • Report type Immediate notification
    • Date of start of the event 09/01/2013
    • Date of pre-confirmation of the event 24/01/2013
    • Report date 27/01/2013
    • Date submitted to OIE 27/01/2013
    • Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence 11/06/2012
    • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    • Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype H5N1
    • Nature of diagnosis Suspicion, Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    • This event pertains to the whole country
  • New outbreaks
    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 1
        • Outbreak Location  - TAKEO ( Snau, Snau, Prey Kambas )
          • Total animals affected:  Species -  Susceptible -  Cases -  Deaths -  Destroyed -  Slaughtered
            • Birds  -  7393  -  2304  -  2304  -  4743  -   0
        • Outbreak statistics:  Species -  Apparent morbidity rate -  Apparent mortality rate -  Apparent case fatality rate -  Proportion susceptible animals lost*
          • Birds -  31.16% -  31.16% -  100.00% -  95.32%
          • * Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter;
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Epidemiological comments
    • On 22 January 2013, after receiving information from Ministry of Health on a girl aged 17 living in Snau village who was reported dead and confirmed infected with H5N1, an investigation team from the National Veterinary Research Institute (NaVRI) of the Department of Animal Health and Production (DAHP) went to the village to investigate and take some samples from local chicken and ducks.
    • Some samples were confirmed positive for HPAI H5N1.
  • Control measures
    • Measures applied
      • Movement control inside the country
        • Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
        • Dipping / Spraying
        • Modified stamping out
        • Vaccination prohibited
        • No treatment of affected animals
      • Measures to be applied
        • No other measures
  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type
      • National Veterinary Research Institute ( National laboratory )
        • Tests and results:  Species -  Test -  Test date -  Result
          • Birds -  inoculation test -  24/01/2013 -   Positive
          • Birds -  parasitological examination -  24/01/2013 -  Positive
          • Birds -  real-time PCR -  24/01/2013 – Positive
    • Laboratory name and type
      • Pasteur Institute of Cambodia ( Regional Reference Laboratory )
        • Tests and results:  Species -  Test -  Test date -  Result
          • Birds -  real-time PCR -   24/01/2013 -   Positive
  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

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