[Source: PLoS ONE, full text: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Emotional Reactions among Residents of Avian Influenza (H5N1) Hit Communities in Vietnam
Toshie Manabe1*, Tran Thuy Hanh2, Doan Manh Lam3, Do Thi Hong Van3, Pham Thi Phuong Thuy4, Dinh Thi Thanh Huyen4, Tran Thi Mai Phuong4, Dang Hung Minh2, Jin Takasaki1, Ngo Quy Chau2, Ly Quoc Toan3, Koichiro Kudo1
1 National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan, 2 Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam, 3 Bac Kan General Provincial Hospital, Bac Kan Province, Vietnam, 4 NCGM-BMH Medical Collaboration Center, Hanoi, Vietnam
Awareness of individuals’ knowledge and predicting their behavior and emotional reactions is crucial when evaluating clinical preparedness for influenza pandemics with a highly pathogenic virus. Knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) relating to avian influenza (H5N1) virus infection among residents in communities where H5N1 patients occurred in Vietnam has not been reported.
Methods and Principal Findings
Face-to-face interviews including KAP survey were conducted in Bac Kan province, located in the northeast mountainous region of Vietnam. Participants were residents who lived in a community where H5N1 cases have ever been reported (event group, n = 322) or one where cases have not been reported (non-event group, n = 221). Data on emotional reactions of participants and healthcare-seeking behavior after the event in neighboring areas were collected as well as information on demographics and environmental measures, information sources, and KAP regarding H5N1. These data were compared between two groups. Higher environmental risk of H5N1 and improper poultry-handling behaviors were identified in the event group. At the time of the event, over 50% of the event group sought healthcare for flu-like symptoms or because they were scared. Awareness of the event influenced KAP scores. Healthcare-seeking behavior and attention to H5N1 poultry outbreaks diminished in the event group as time passed after the outbreak compared with the non-event group. Factors that motivated participants to seek healthcare sooner were knowledge of early access to healthcare and the risk of eating sick/dead poultry, and perception of the threat of H5N1.
Awareness of H5N1 patients in neighboring areas can provoke panic in residents and influence their healthcare-seeking behavior. Periodic education to share experiences on the occurrence of H5N1 patients and provide accurate information may help prevent panic and infection and reduce mortality. Local conditions should be taken into account when emphasizing the need for early access to healthcare.
Citation: Manabe T, Hanh TT, Lam DM, Van DTH, Thuy PTP, et al. (2012) Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Emotional Reactions among Residents of Avian Influenza (H5N1) Hit Communities in Vietnam. PLoS ONE 7(10): e47560. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047560
Editor: Vittoria Colizza, INSERM & Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, France
Received: March 29, 2012; Accepted: September 18, 2012; Published: October 19, 2012
Copyright: © 2012 Manabe et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Funding: This work was supported by the Japan Initiative for Global Research Network on Infectious Diseases from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
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