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#Update: Interim #Guidelines for #HealthCare #Providers Caring for #Pregnant #Women and Women of Reproductive Age with Possible #Zika Virus #Exposure — #USA, 2016 (@CDCgov, MMWR)

[Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, full page: ( LINK ).] Update: Int...

8 Feb 2016

#Colombia, Sospechan que #zika complica #enfermedades base (El Nacional, February 8 2016)

[Source: El Nacional, full page: (LINK).]

Sospechan que zika complica enfermedades base [      ]

MARÍA EMILIA JORGE M. / mjorge@el-nacional.com / 8 de febrero 2016 - 12:01 am

Antes de que llegara a América Latina se pensaba que el zika no era capaz de producir manifestaciones importantes y mucho menos que causara la muerte. Del virus se conocía que es tan leve que solo una de cada cuatro personas presenta síntomas como fiebre, erupción en la piel, dolor en las articulaciones y conjuntivitis no purulenta. El aumento de casos del síndrome Guillain-Barré, que ya suma 12 muertes en Venezuela, y de los niños con malformaciones cerebrales como la microcefalia en Brasil, encendieron las alarmas.

(…)

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Keywords: Zika Virus; Colombia.

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#Nigeria, #Lassa Fever #Outbreak killed hundreds of people (CNEB, February 8 2016, edited)

[Source: China National Emergency Broadcasting (CNEB), full page: (LINK). Automatic translation, edited.]

#Nigeria, #Lassa Fever #Outbreak killed hundreds of people [      ]

2016-02-08 10:56 Source: Xinhua

Nigerian health sector released  data on the Feb. 6th about the Africa's most populous country outbreak of "Lassa fever" that has led to the death of 101 people.

According to Nigeria's Center for Disease Control statistics, since last August, Lassa fever caused in Nigeria 175 confirmed and suspected cases, including 101 deaths.

Of the 36 states, 19 have so far reported cases of laboratory confirmed infection or suspected cases, included the capital Abuja, Lagos, the largest city appeared deaths.

Health officials worry that some places concealed outbreak of Lassa fever actual situation is much more serious. Health Minister Isaac Adewolai last month criticized some states concealed Lassa fever illness deaths, urged local health officials to strengthen supervision, require each state to take seriously the risk of disease, take effective measures to prevention, to ensure that the epidemic in Elimination of this year.

CDC said the government has issued a large number of drugs in the country, including antiviral drugs, "ribavirin", bottled hand sanitizer to fight this virus hemorrhagic fever.

Agence France-Presse reported that the current round of Lassa fever in the first deaths occurred last August in northwestern Nigeria, Niger State, but a few months later was confirmed to be caused by Lassa virus. Nigerian government announced in January reached epidemic "outbreak" level, then the country has 10 state deaths occurred.

2 neighboring Benin officials said Tuesday, Benin appeared 20 cases of suspected cases of Lassa fever, nine of whom have died. Benin in October 2014 an outbreak of Lassa fever, nine people suspected of being infected by the virus died.

Lassa and Ebola virus, Marburg virus is a virus with a family, because the first was discovered in 1969 in the town of Lassa in northern Nigeria named.The virus spread through blood and body fluids of mice and other rodent excreta and patients, the incubation period of 6-21 days, the main symptoms are fever, headache, sore throat, diarrhea, cough, severe facial swelling occurs, chest effusion and a large number of internal bleeding, mortality is higher.

As the main host of Lassa virus is a mouse "more milk Rat" called rat poison in short supply all over Nigeria, a rare buying spree.

According to the CDC describes Nigeria, Nigeria in 2012 occurred cause Lassa fever in 1723 people are infected, of which 112 people died. Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 10 million people in West Africa and 30 million people infected with Lassa fever per year, about 5,000 people were killed. (Hu Ruoyu)

Editor: Zhang Ze Xin

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Keywords: Nigeria; Lassa Fever.

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7 Feb 2016

Small #Asteroid [2013 TX68] to Pass Close to #Earth March 5 (#JPL, Feb. 7 ‘16)

[Source: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, full page: (LINK).]

NEWS | FEBRUARY 2, 2016

Small Asteroid to Pass Close to Earth March 5 [   R   ]

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Graphic indicates the cloud of possible locations asteroid 2013 TX68 will be in at the time

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[Graphic indicates the cloud of possible locations asteroid 2013 TX68 will be in at the time of its closest approach to Earth during its safe flyby of our planet on March 5. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech | –| › Larger image |--

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A small asteroid that two years ago flew past Earth at a comfortable distance of about 1.3 million miles (2 million kilometers) will safely fly by our planet again in a few weeks, though this time it may be much closer.

During the upcoming March 5 flyby, asteroid 2013 TX68 could fly past Earth as far out as 9 million miles (14 million kilometers) or as close as 11,000 miles (17,000 kilometers). The variation in possible closest approach distances is due to the wide range of possible trajectories for this object, since it was tracked for only a short time after discovery.

Scientists at NASA's Center for NEO Studies (CNEOS) at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, have determined there is no possibility that this object could impact Earth during the flyby next month.

But they have identified an extremely remote chance that this small asteroid could impact on Sep. 28, 2017, with odds of no more than 1-in-250-million. Flybys in 2046 and 2097 have an even lower probability of impact.

"The possibilities of collision on any of the three future flyby dates are far too small to be of any real concern," said Paul Chodas, manager of CNEOS. "I fully expect any future observations to reduce the probability even more."

Asteroid 2013 TX68 is estimated to be about 100 feet (30 meters) in diameter.

By comparison, the asteroid that broke up in the atmosphere over Chelyabinsk, Russia, three years ago was approximately 65 feet (20 meters) wide.

If an asteroid the size of 2013 TX68 were to enter Earth's atmosphere, it would likely produce an air burst with about twice the energy of the Chelyabinsk event.

The asteroid was discovered by the NASA-funded Catalina Sky Survey on Oct. 6, 2013, as it approached Earth on the nighttime side. After three days of tracking, the asteroid passed into the daytime sky and could no longer be observed. Because it was not tracked for very long, scientists cannot predict its precise orbit around the sun, but they do know that it cannot impact Earth during its flyby next month.

"This asteroid's orbit is quite uncertain, and it will be hard to predict where to look for it," said Chodas. "There is a chance that the asteroid will be picked up by our asteroid search telescopes when it safely flies past us next month, providing us with data to more precisely define its orbit around the sun."

For regular updates on passing asteroids, NASA has a list of the next five close approaches to Earth; it links to the CNEOS website with a complete list of recent and upcoming close approaches, as well as all other data on the orbits of known NEOs, so scientists and members of the media and public can track information on known objects.

For more information on NASA's Planetary Defense Coordination Office, visit: http://www.nasa.gov/planetarydefense

For asteroid news and updates, follow AsteroidWatch on Twitter: twitter.com/AsteroidWatch

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Media Contact

Dwayne Brown / Laurie Cantillo, NASA Headquarters, Washington, 202-358-1726 / 202-358-1077, dwayne.c.brown@nasa.gov / laura.l.cantillo@nasa.gov / DC Agle, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, 818-393-9011, agle@jpl.nasa.gov

2016-033

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Keywords: Research; NASA; Near Earth Objects; Asteroids; Asteroid 2013 TX68.

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#Research Articles #Abstracts on #Zika #Virus–February 7 2016, Issue No. 2

[Source: AMEDEO, full page: (LINK).]

#Research Articles #Abstracts on #Zika #Virus–February 7 2016, Issue No. 2 [   R   ]

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This Week’s Abstracts:

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Acta Med Port

  1. PINTO JUNIOR VL, Luz K, Parreira R, Ferrinho P, et al
    • [Zika Virus: A Review to Clinicians].
  2. BRITO C
    • Zika Virus: A New Chapter in the History of Medicine.

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Ann Intern Med

  1. CHEN LH, Hamer DH
    • Zika Virus: Rapid Spread in the Western Hemisphere.

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Arq Bras Oftalmol

  1. FONTES BM
    • Zika virus-related hypertensive iridocyclitis.
  2. VENTURA CV, Maia M, Ventura BV, Linden VV, et al
    • Ophthalmological findings in infants with microcephaly and presumable intra-uterus Zika virus infection.

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BMJ

  1. GULLAND A
    • WHO urges countries in dengue belt to look out for Zika.
  2. DYER O
    • Zika vaccine could be in production by year's end, says maker.
  3. KMIETOWICZ Z
    • Questions your patients may have about Zika virus.
  4. GULLAND A
    • Zika virus is a global public health emergency, declares WHO.
  5. O'DOWD A
    • UK is safe from Zika virus and is helping towards a vaccine, MPs hear.
  6. MCCARTHY M
    • Zika virus was transmitted by sexual contact in Texas, health officials report.

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J Infect Public Health

  1. FACCINI-MARTINEZ AA, Botero-Garcia CA, Benitez-Baracaldo FC, Perez-Diaz CE, et al
    • With regard about the case of Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika co-infection in a patient from Colombia.

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Lancet

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Lancet Glob Health

  1. YAKOB L, Walker T
    • Zika virus outbreak in the Americas: the need for novel mosquito control methods.

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Nature

  1. BUTLER D
    • Zika virus: Brazil's surge in small-headed babies questioned by report.

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Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis

  1. HIGGS S
    • Zika Virus: Emergence and Emergency.

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Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Zika Virus.

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#WHO: No #Zika #virus #infection recorded in Eastern #Mediterranean #Region (Petra, February 7 2016)

[Source: Petra, full page: (LINK).]

WHO: No Zika virus infection recorded in Eastern Mediterranean Region [      ]

Amman, Feb. 7 (Petra) -- Regional Director of the World Health Organization, Ala Alwan, on Sunday, said that no Zika virus infection has been recorded in the Eastern Mediterranean Region by the end of today, February 7th.

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Keywords: Zika Virus.

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#Saudi Arabia reported no new #MERS-CoV cases in the last 24 hours (@SaudiMOH, February 7 2016, edited)

[Source: Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health, full page: (LINK). Edited.]

#Saudi Arabia reported no new #MERS-CoV cases in the last 24 hours [      ]

2/7/2016

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New Cases:

  • No reports

New Recoveries: [Sex, Age, Ctizienship, Resident in]

  1. M, 50, Saudi, Medina.

New Deaths:

  • No reports

Cumulative number of confirmed cases and deaths since June 2012:

[Total No. of Cases – Total No. of Deaths – Patients under treatment]

  • 1290At least 551 - 3

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(…)

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Keywords: Saudi Arabia; Updates; MERS-CoV.

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#HK, CHP notified of additional #human #case of #avian #influenza #H7N9 in #Guangdong (February 7 2016)

[Source: Centre for Health Protection, Hong Kong PRC SAR, full page: (LINK).]

CHP notified of additional human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) in Guangdong [      ]

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) today (February 7) received notification of an additional human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) in Shantou from the Health and Family Planning Commission of Guangdong Province, and again urged the public to maintain strict personal, food and environmental hygiene both locally and during travel.

The patient is a 73-year-old man who lives in Shantou, Guangdong. He had poultry contact before onset of symptoms on February 2. He attended a local hospital for management on February 5 and his condition was serious. His two close contacts put under medical observation have not revealed any abnormalities so far.

(…)

The public may visit the CHP's pages below for more information:

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Keywords: HK PRC SAR; Updates; China; Guangdong; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Human.

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6 Feb 2016

#Saudi Arabia reported no new #MERS-CoV cases in the last 24 hours (@SaudiMOH, February 6 2016, edited)

[Source: Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health, full page: (LINK). Edited.]

#Saudi Arabia reported no new #MERS-CoV cases in the last 24 hours [      ]

2/6/2016

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New Cases:

  • No reports

New Recoveries: [Sex, Age, Citizenship, Resident in]

  1. M, 47, Saudi, Riyadh.

New Deaths:

  • No reports

Cumulative number of confirmed cases and deaths since June 2012:

[Total No. of Cases – Total No. of Deaths – Patients under treatment]

  • 1290At least 551 - 4

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(…)

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Keywords: Saudi Arabia; Updates; MERS-CoV.

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#Research Articles #Abstracts on #Influenza and other #Respiratory #Viruses–February 6 2016 Issue

[Source: AMEDEO, homepage: (LINK).]

#Research Articles #Abstracts on #Influenza and other #Respiratory #Viruses–February 6 2016 Issue [   R   ]

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This Week’s Abstracts:

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Am J Med

  1. COLLINS MH, McGinn MK, Weber DJ
    • Mesenteric Thrombosis Complicating Influenza B Infection.

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Epidemiol Infect

  1. TIMPKA T, Eriksson H, Holm E, Stromgren M, et al
    • Relevance of workplace social mixing during influenza pandemics: an experimental modelling study of workplace cultures.
  2. PAYET C, Voirin N, Ecochard R, Vanhems P, et al
    • Influence of observable and unobservable exposure on the patient's risk of acquiring influenza-like illness at hospital.

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J Virol

  1. ZHANG J, Huang F, Tan L, Bai C, et al
    • MOV10 is a Restriction Factor of Influenza A Virus by Inhibiting the Nuclear Import of the Viral Nucleoprotein.
  2. KIM KH, Lee YT, Hwang HS, Kwon YM, et al
    • Virus-like particle vaccine containing the F protein of respiratory syncytial virus confers protection without pulmonary disease by modulating specific subsets of dendritic cells and effector T cells.
  3. AGOTI CN, Otieno JR, Ngama M, Mwihuri AG, et al
    • Successive Respiratory Syncytial Virus Epidemics in Local Populations Arise from Multiple Variant Introductions, Providing Insights into Virus Persistence.

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Lancet

  1. MONTO AS, Dobson J, Pocock S, Whitley RJ, et al
    • Oseltamivir for influenza - Authors' reply.
  2. DOSHI P, Heneghan C, Jefferson T

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Lancet Respir Med

  1. ARNOLD C
    • Flu on the go: mobile technology and respiratory illnesses.
  2. KIRBY T
    • Flu epidemic rages across the USA.

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PLoS One

  1. BROWN M, Moore L, McMahon B, Powell D, et al
    • Constructing rigorous and broad biosurveillance networks for detecting emerging zoonotic outbreaks.
  2. DOMINGUEZ A, Soldevila N, Toledo D, Godoy P, et al
    • Factors Associated with Influenza Vaccination of Hospitalized Elderly Patients in Spain.
  3. WU S, Ma C, Yang Z, Yang P, et al
    • Hygiene Behaviors Associated with Influenza-Like Illness among Adults in Beijing, China: A Large, Population-Based Survey.
  4. LIAO Z, Tang H, Xu X, Liang Y, et al
    • Immunogenicity and Safety of Influenza Vaccination in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients Compared with Healthy Controls: A Meta-Analysis.
  5. LENARTOWICZ E, Kesy J, Ruszkowska A, Soszynska-Jozwiak M, et al
    • Self-Folding of Naked Segment 8 Genomic RNA of Influenza A Virus.
  6. CHAW L, Kamigaki T, Burmaa A, Urtnasan C, et al
    • Burden of Influenza and Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Pregnant Women and Infants Under 6 Months in Mongolia: A Prospective Cohort Study.
  7. LEUNG NH, Zhou J, Chu DK, Yu H, et al
    • Quantification of Influenza Virus RNA in Aerosols in Patient Rooms.
  8. YANG L, Chan KH, Suen LK, Chan KP, et al
    • Impact of the 2009 H1N1 Pandemic on Age-Specific Epidemic Curves of Other Respiratory Viruses: A Comparison of Pre-Pandemic, Pandemic and Post-Pandemic Periods in a Subtropical City.

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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

  1. GARCIA-SASTRE A
    • Systems vaccinology informs influenza vaccine immunogenicity.

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Vaccine

  1. DUBOV A, Phung C
    • Nudges or mandates? The ethics of mandatory flu vaccination.
      • Vaccine. 2015 Apr 10. pii: S0264-410X(15)00356.
  2. HALSEY NA, Talaat KR, Greenbaum A, Mensah E, et al
    • The safety of influenza vaccines in children: An Institute for Vaccine Safety white paper.
  3. RAPPAZZO CG, Watkins HC, Guarino CM, Chau A, et al
    • Recombinant M2e outer membrane vesicle vaccines protect against lethal influenza A challenge in BALB/c mice.
      • Vaccine. 2016 Jan 29. pii: S0264-410X(16)00072.
  4. KHAN TM, Khan AU, Ali I, Chia DW, et al
    • Knowledge, attitude and awareness among healthcare professionals about influenza vaccination in Peshawar, Pakistan.
      • Vaccine. 2016 Feb 1. pii: S0264-410X(16)00097.
  5. TAN HX, Gilbertson BP, Jegaskanda S, Alcantara S, et al
    • Recombinant influenza virus expressing HIV-1 p24 capsid protein induces mucosal HIV-specific CD8 T-cell responses.
      • Vaccine. 2016 Jan 28. pii: S0264-410X(16)00074.

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Virology

  1. YANG P, Zheng J, Wang S, Liu P, et al
    • Respiratory syncytial virus nonstructural proteins 1 and 2 are crucial pathogenic factors that modulate interferon signaling and Treg cell distribution in mice.
  2. SHRIVASTAVA P, Atanley E, Sarkar I, Watkiss E, et al
    • Blunted inflammatory and mucosal IgA responses to pneumonia virus of mice in C57BL/6 neonates are correlated to reduced protective immunity upon re-infection as elderly mice.

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Keywords: Research; Abstracts.

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#Macau, people in contact with #H7N9 #birdflu #virus infected environment tested negative so far; New #human #infection in #Shanghai (DoH, Feb. 6 ‘16, edited)

[Source: Macau Department of Health, full page: (LINK).]

Serviços de Saúde acompanham estado de saúde das pessoas que estiveram em contacto próximo e normal com as amostras ambientais positivas de H7N9 Novo caso de infecção humana pela gripe aviária H7N9 registado em Xangai [      ]

2016-02-06 21:24:00 / Fonte : Serviços de Saúde

Quanto aos testes à gripe de aves H7N9 efectuados na passada quarta-feira (dia 3 de Fevereiro) em amostras ambientais recolhidas no Mercado Provisório do Patane que deram resultado positivo, os Serviços de Saúde continuam a proceder à observação médica de três pessoas que estiverem em contacto de proximidade com as amostras ambientais positivas de H7N9 e foram ser submetidas a isolamento obrigatório no Centro Hospitalar Conde de São Januário, bem como de 30 vendedores de aves neste mercado, considerados como indivíduos em contacto usual com aves.

Os resultados dos testes a três pessoas que estão em isolamento, com contacto próximo com aves e sob eventual presença do vírus H7 foram negativos.

Até ao momento, uma mulher tem febre baixa mas, não apresenta quaisquer sintomas e, um homem já tinha tido tosse antes de ser submetido à medida de obrigatoriedade de isolamento e, a outra pessoa com contacto próximo com aves, tal como outras pessoas que tinham contacto normal com aves, não apresentou quaisquer sintomas.

Por outro lado, os Serviços de Saúde foram notificados pelo Departamento de Saúde da Cidade de Xangai para confirmação de um novo caso de infecção humana pela gripe aviária H7N9.

As informações divulgadas referem que o caso foi detectado num homem, de apelido Gu, com 66 anos de idade, residente na da Cidade de Xangai, a quem foi confirmada a infecção no dia 5 de Fevereiro, encontra-se internado em tratamento.

Desde 2013 e até à data que foram registados, cumulativamente, na China 700 casos confirmados de infecção humana pela gripe aviária H7N9, dos quais resultaram pelo menos 238 óbitos. Desde Setembro de 2015, que as áreas afectadas com ocorrência de casos de infecção local incluem as províncias de Zhejiang, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Xangai e Hunan.

(…)

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Keywords: Macau PRC SAR; Updates; China; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Human; Shanghai.

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