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#Analysis of recent #scientific #information on #avian #influenza A(#H7N9) virus - 10 February 2017 (@WHO, edited)

  Title : #Analysis of recent #scientific #information on #avian #influenza A(#H7N9) virus - 10 February 2017. Subject : Avian Influenza, ...

28 Feb 2017

Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Romania [infected #wildbirds] (#OIE, Feb. 28 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Romania [infected #wildbirds].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, wild birds epizootics in Romania.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Romania

Information received on 27/02/2017 from Dr. Marius Grigore, Director, Head of Unit Animal Health Department General Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 19
    • Date of start of the event    22/11/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    24/11/2016
    • Report date    27/02/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    27/02/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae)  - … – 4    - 4    - 0    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Wild Birds; Romania.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Romania [six #poultry & #wildbirds #outbreaks] (#OIE, Feb. 28 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Romania [six #poultry & #wildbirds #outbreaks].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry and wild birds epizootics in Romania.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ][     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Romania

Information received on 28/02/2017 from Dr. Marius Grigore, Director, Head of Unit Animal Health Department General Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 20
    • Date of start of the event    22/11/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    24/11/2016
    • Report date    28/02/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    28/02/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 6
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 57    - 50    - 50    - 7    - 0
        • Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae) – … – 1    - 1    - 0    - 0
        • Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) – … – 5    - 5    - 0    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - 87.72%    - 87.72%    - 100.00%    - 100.00%
          • Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
          • Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
            • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
            • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N ; Poultry; Wild Birds; Romania.

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#MERS #Epidemic in #Saudi Arabia: Three new #human cases reported on Feb. 27 ‘17 (@SaudiMOH, edited)

 

Title: MERS Epidemic in Saudi Arabia: Three new human cases reported on Feb. 27 ‘17.

Subject: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Epidemic in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, daily update.

Source: Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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MOH: '3 New Confirmed Coronavirus Cases Recorded'

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2/27/2017

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New Cases: [Sex, Age, Citizenship, Resident in, Health Status, Note]

  1. M, 74, Saudi, Bisha, stable; *
  2. M, 76, Saudi, Hail, critical; **
  3. M, 29, Saudi, Riyadh, critical; *

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{*} Exposure history under investigation;

{**} Primary cases (contact with camels).

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New Recoveries: [Sex, Age, Citizenship, Resident in]

  1. M, 30, Saudi, Jeddah.

New Deaths:

  • No reports

Cumulative number of confirmed cases and deaths since 2012:

[Total No. of Cases – Total No. of Deaths – Patients under treatment]

  • 1567At least 651 - 11

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Keywords: Saudi Arabia; Updates; MERS-CoV.

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#Avian #Influenza #Report [#H5N1, #H5N6, #H7N9]–Week 8, 2017 (#HK CHP, Feb. 28 ‘17)

 

Title: #Avian #Influenza #Report [#H5N1, #H5N6, #H7N9]–Week 8, 2017.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N1, H5N6, H7N9 subtypes, human cases in China and worldwide, weekly report.

Source: Centre for Health Protection, Hong Kong PRC SAR, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Avian Influenza Report

Avian Influenza Report is a weekly report produced by the Respiratory Disease Office, Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health. This report highlights global avian influenza activity in humans and birds.

VOLUME 13, NUMBER 08 / Reporting period: February 19, 2017 – February 25, 2017 (Week 08) (Published on February 28, 2017)

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{Note for the Readers: Should the internal viewer not work into your environment, please follow this link to the full document: https://1drv.ms/b/s!ArIyah1g_f4uvDgS6JZsbzBipNY_ }

 

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Keywords: HK PRC SAR; Updates; H7N9; H5N1; H5N6; Human; Avian Influenza; China; Worldwide.

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#Taiwan, the first imported #human case of #H7N9 #influenza died after nearly a month of treatment (Feb. 28 ‘17)

 

Title: Taiwan, the first imported human case of H7N9 influenza died after nearly a month of treatment.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype, fatal human imported case in Taiwan. Drugs resistant strain.

Source: China News Agency, full page: (LINK). Article in Chinese, edited.

Code: [     ]

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First human case of the year died after twenty-seven days in hospital

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At 20:00 on February 28, 2017 / China News Agency

A Taiwanese businessmen recently went to work in mainland China, diagnosed in early February infected H7N9 avian influenza, after 27 days after hospitalization, the condition continues to deteriorate and died due to multiple organ failure, the first Taiwanese to die of the illness.

Ministry of Health announced that in early February a 69-year-old Kaohsiung Taiwan businessmen, January 23 to work in Yangjiang City, Guangdong Province, China, due to fever, chills, 2 days after returning seek medical treatment, test the new influenza A Negative. On Jan. 29 developed fever, cough with sputum, respiratory difficulty and other symptoms, once again medical diagnosis of suspected pneumonia. On February 1 he was hospitalized again, and tested positive for H7N9, then admitted to the intensive care unit for Treatment.

Subsequently, the Department of Health found that H7N9 influenza virus developed a mutation toward the existing anti-influenz drug oseltamivir. At this point, doctors intended to use a new Japanese antiviral drug [favipiravir].

The Deputy Director of the Department of Vaccination, Dr Lo Yijun, said today that the patient was treated by an intensive care unit and an infectious disease specialist and continued to use antiviral drugs, respirators, leaf capsules, hemodialysis and other treatments. Despite the treatment he developed Multiple organ failure, and died on the evening of February 27.

Luo Yijun said that patients with age over 60 years of age, plus a history of hypertension, severe pneumonia, persistent hypoxemia, resistance to anti-influenza drugs, etc., these are known in the medical literature and H7N9 death associated with high risk factors , Even if the medical team to make every effort to treat, still unfortunately died.

Luo Yijun pointed out that the recent H7N9 cases in mainland China continued to increase, since October last year, 461 cases of H7N9 flu, the largest in Jiangsu Province, 128 cases, followed by Zhejiang Province, 79 cases, 52 cases in Guangdong Province, Anhui Province, 50 cases, Poultry, live poultry market exposure history, and another 1/3 no bird contact history, more than 50 years of age for the community, the mortality rate of nearly 40 percent.

The Department of Health has reiterated that the Chinese mainland is still at the peak of the H7N9 flu, both local businessmen and people planning to travel to the region should be vigilant, be sure to implement personal hygiene measures such as hand washing, to avoid contact with birds and Poultry market.

The Commission reminds that eating chickens, ducks, geese and eggs are cooked to avoid infection. If you have any symptoms such as fever and cough, you should take the initiative to inform the airline personnel and the airport port quarantine personnel. If you have any of the above symptoms, you should go to the ward for medical treatment. The relevant information can be found on the website of the UNDCP (http: /www.cdc.gov.tw), or call the Free Epidemic Prevention Line 1922 (or 0800-001922). 1060228

(Central News Agency)

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Keywords: Taiwan; Avian Influenza; H7N9; Human; Antivirals; Drugs Resistance; Oseltamivir.

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#Taiwan, the first imported #human case of #H7N9 #influenza of the year died (RTHK, Feb. 28 ‘17)

 

Title: Taiwan, the first imported human case of H7N9 influenza of the year died.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype, human case in Taiwan; drug resistant strain.

Source: RTHK, full page: (LINK). Article in Chinese, edited.

Code: [     ]

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Taiwanese businessmen have died of H7N9

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2017-02-28 HKT 15:05

The 69-year-old Taiwanese businessman, who was infected with H7N9 avian flu in the mainland earlier this month, died yesterday and was the first ever fatal human case of H7N9 in Taiwan.

The Department of Health (CDC) said that the Taiwanese businessmen had high blood pressure and had severe pneumonia at the time of admission at the beginning of the month. The disease continued to worsen, developing antiviral drug oseltamivir resistance.

His 141 close contacts showed no symptoms.

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Keywords: Taiwan; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Human; Antivirals; Drugs Resistance; Oseltamivir.

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27 Feb 2017

Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Czech Republic [infected #wildbirds] (#OIE, Feb. 27 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Czech Republic [infected #wildbirds].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, wild birds epizootics in Czech Republic.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds) H5N8, Czech Republic

Information received on 27/02/2017 from Dr Zbyněk Semerád, Director General, State Veterinary Administration, Veterinary Administration, Prague, Czech Republic

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 7
    • Date of start of the event    04/01/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event    04/01/2017
    • Report date    27/02/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    27/02/2017
    • Reason for notification    First occurrence of a listed disease
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Necropsy
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 2
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae)  - … – 2    - 2    - 0    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Contact with wild species

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Wild Birds; Czech Republic.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Lithuania [infected #wildbirds] (#OIE, Feb. 27 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Lithuania [infected #wildbirds].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, wild birds epizootics in Lithuania.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds) H5N8, Lithuania

Information received on 27/02/2017 from Dr Vidmantas Paulauskas, Deputy Director, State Food and Veterinary Service, DGA openRR, VILNIUS, Lithuania

  • Summary
    • Report type    Immediate notification
    • Date of start of the event    27/02/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event    27/02/2017
    • Report date    27/02/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    27/02/2017
    • Reason for notification    First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    the whole country
  • New outbreaks (1)
    • Outbreak 1    - Kaunas city, KAUNAS
      • Date of start of the outbreak    27/02/2017
      • Outbreak status    Resolved (27/02/2017)
      • Epidemiological unit    Other
      • Affected animals: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae)  - … – 6    - 6    - 0    - 0
          • Affected population: Six mute swans found dead in Kaunas city, near the river Nemunas.
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae)  - … – 6    - 6    - 0    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Wild Birds; Lithuania.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #UK [a #poultry #outbreak] (#OIE, Feb. 27 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #UK [a #poultry #outbreak].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry epizootics in the UK.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, United Kingdom

Information received on 24/02/2017 from Dr Nigel Gibbens, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, LONDON, United Kingdom

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 11
    • Date of start of the event    11/12/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    16/12/2016
    • Report date    24/02/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    24/02/2017
    • Reason for notification    Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence    17/07/2015
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 32    - **    - 20    - 12    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - **    - 62.50%    - **    - 100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Contact with wild species
  • Epidemiological comments   
    • First turkey flock (Louth - start date 11/12/2016):
      • disease control programmes have been applied and primary cleansing and disinfection of the infected premises was completed on 30 December 2016.
      • Investigations conducted on contact tracings and poultry holdings in the restriction zones have uncovered no evidence of further spread.
      • All control measures set out in the immediate notification have been applied.
      • Epidemiological investigations have been completed.
      • The outbreak is resolved.
    • Second turkey flock (Louth - start date 15/01/2017):
      • disposal and culling have been completed.
      • Primary cleansing and disinfection has been completed; 3km and 10km zones have been put in place.
      • Epidemiological investigations have been completed - outbreak is resolved.
      • No trade to international partners.
    • First breeding pheasant flock (Pilling - start date 23/01/2017):
      • Culling and disposal of the birds have been completed.
      • Primary cleansing and disinfection has been completed.
      • 3km and 10km zones have been put in place.
      • Epidemiological investigations are on-going.
      • No trade to international partners.
    • Commercial flock of rearing turkeys (Boston - start date 25/01/2017):
      • Culling and disposal of the birds have been completed.
      • Primary cleansing and disinfection has been completed.
      • 3km and 10km zones have been put in place.
      • Epidemiological investigations are on-going.
      • No trade to international partners.
    • Second breeding pheasant flock (Pilling - start date 26/01/2017):
      • Pheasants in harem pens for breeding.
      • Clinical signs observed.
      • Pheasants recently moved during the high risk spread period from AIV 2017/04 Pilling site.
      • Culling and disposal have been completed.
      • Primary cleansing and disinfection has been completed.
    • Third breeding pheasant flock (Pilling - start date 29/01/2017):
      • Pheasants recently moved during the high risk spread period from AIV 2017/04 Pilling site.
      • Clinical signs were observed.
      • Different species of game birds are present at this large breeding premises.
      • Culling and disposal have been completed.
      • Primary cleansing and disinfection has been completed.
    • Commercial flock of breeding broiler chickens (Redgrave - start date 12/02/2017):
      • Birds were housed.
      • Culling and disposal and primary C&D has been completed.
    • Small backyard flock of laying hens (Haltwhistle - start date 17/02/2017):
      • birds were only partially housed.
      • Culling and disposal have been carried out on the remaining hens.
      • Primary cleansing and disinfection is underway.
    • Backyard cases in Settle and Llanelli:
      • all control measures set out in the immediate notification were applied including restriction zones.
      • Epidemiological investigations are ongoing.
      • These cases are resolved.

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; Wild Birds; UK.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #France [thirteen #wildbirds #outbreaks] (#OIE, Feb. 27 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #France [thirteen #wildbirds #outbreaks].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, wild birds epizootics in France.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, France

Information received on 24/02/2017 from Dr Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 11
    • Date of start of the event    17/11/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    26/11/2016
    • Report date    24/02/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    24/02/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Virus de l'influenza aviaire hautement pathogène
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 13
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae)        - 11 – **    - 20    - 0    - 0
        • Tundra Swan:Cygnus columbianus(Anatidae)  - … – 1    - 1    - 0    - 0
        • Greylag Goose:Anser anser(Anatidae) – … – **    - 1    - 0    - 0
        • Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae) – … – **    - 1    - 0    - 0
        • Eurasian Collared-Dove:Streptopelia decaocto(Columbidae)  - … – **    - 1    - 0    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    -Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - **    - **
        • Tundra Swan:Cygnus columbianus(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
        • Greylag Goose:Anser anser(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - **    - **
        • Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae)    - **    - **    - **    - **
        • Eurasian Collared-Dove:Streptopelia decaocto(Columbidae)    - **    - **    - **    - **
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Contact with wild species
  • Epidemiological comments   
    • La notification concerne des animaux sauvages. L’épisode de mortalité sur de la faune sauvage, survenant dans une zone où le niveau de risque avait été considéré comme élevé (arrêté ministériel du 16 novembre 2016 qualifiant le niveau de risque en matière d’influenza aviaire), les élevages de volailles font donc depuis cette date l’objet de mesures de biosécurité accrues et de confinement. Une enquête épidémiologique a été menée et les mesures de surveillance sont renforcées autour du foyer.

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Wild Birds; France.

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