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#Assessment of #risk associated with #influenza A(#H5N8) virus, 17 November 2016 (@WHO)

  Title : #Assessment of #risk associated with #influenza A(#H5N8) virus, 17 November 2016. Subject : Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, multi...

20 Jan 2017

Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5, #Kazakhstan [infected #wildbirds] (#OIE, Jan. 20 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5, #Kazakhstan [infected #wildbirds].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, wild birds epizootics in Kazakhstan.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds) H5, Kazakhstan

Information received on 20/01/2017 from Dr Samat Tyulegenov, Director General, RSE "National Reference Center for Veterinary", Ministry of Agriculture, ASTANA, Kazakhstan

  • Summary
    • Report type Immediate notification
    • Date of start of the event 16/01/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event 19/01/2017
    • Report date 20/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE 20/01/2017
    • Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence 05/2015
    • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    • Causal agent Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
    • Serotype H5
    • Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
  • New outbreaks
    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 1
        • Outbreak Location  - MANGYSHLAK ( Aktau city, 14 )
      • Total animals affected:  Species -  Susceptible -  Cases -  Deaths -  Destroyed -  Slaughtered
        • Anatidae (unidentified):Anatidae (Anatidae (incognita))  - … -   2  - 2 – 0 – 0
      • Outbreak statistics:  Species -  Apparent morbidity rate -  Apparent mortality rate -  Apparent case fatality rate -  Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Anatidae (unidentified):Anatidae (Anatidae (incognita)) -  ** -  ** -  100.00% -  **
          • * Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter;
          • ** Not calculated because of missing information;
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Epidemiological comments
    • Dead swans were found by the sea, laboratory analysis by PCR have shown highly pathogenic A influenza virus.
    • There are seven other migratory birds which are currently monitored; they are not showing any clinical signs of the disease.

(...)

___

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5; Wild Birds; Kazakhstan.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Serbia [infected #wildbirds] (#OIE, Jan. 20 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Serbia [infected #wildbirds].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, wild birds epizootics in Serbia.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Serbia

Information received on 18/01/2017 from Dr Budimir Plavšić, Head, Animal Health Department Veterinary Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection, Belgrade, Serbia

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 4
    • Date of start of the event    30/11/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    02/12/2016
    • Report date    18/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    18/01/2017
    • Reason for notification    First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Laboratory (basic), Necropsy
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae)        - … – 1    - 0    - 0    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae)    - **    - **    - 0.00%    - **
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Wild Birds; Serbia.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Germany [two #poultry #outbreaks] (#OIE, Jan. 20 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Germany [two #poultry #outbreaks].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry and wild birds epizootics in Germany.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Germany

Information received on 18/01/2017 from Dr. Karin Schwabenbauer, Ministerial Dirigentin and Chief Veterinary Officer , Directorate of Animal Health, Animal Welfare, Bundesministerium für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft (BMEL) , Bonn, Germany

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 17
    • Date of start of the event    07/11/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    08/11/2016
    • Report date    18/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    18/01/2017
    • Reason for notification    Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence    09/2015
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    the whole country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 2
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 20426    - 238    - 238    - 10824    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - 1.17%    - 1.17%    - 100.00%    - **
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Epidemiological comments   
    • All poultry have been culled and safely disposed of.
    • No poultry or poultry products have been dispatched.
    • Restriction zones have been established and epidemiological investigations started.

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; Wild Birds; Germany.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Croatia [infected #wildbirds] (#OIE, Jan. 20 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Croatia [infected #wildbirds].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, wild birds epizootics in Croatia.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Croatia

Information received on 19/01/2017 from Dr Damir Agičić, Assistant to Minister, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary and Food Safety Directorate, CRO Ministry of Agriculture, ZAGREB, Croatia

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 4
    • Date of start of the event    30/10/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    09/11/2016
    • Report date    19/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    19/01/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 2
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae)        - … – 5    - 5    - 0    - 0
        • Great Cormorant:Phalacrocorax carbo(Phalacrocoracidae)        - … – 1    - 1    - 0    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
        • Great Cormorant:Phalacrocorax carbo(Phalacrocoracidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Epidemiological comments   
    • Housing of poultry is prescribed to prevent contact between poultry and wild birds.

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Wild Birds; Croatia.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Romania [infected #wildbirds] (#OIE, Jan. 20 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Romania [infected #wildbirds].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, wild birds epizootics in Romania.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Romania

Information received on 19/01/2017 from Dr. Marius Grigore, Director, Head of Unit Animal Health Department General Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 8
    • Date of start of the event    22/11/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    24/11/2016
    • Report date    19/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    19/01/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 4
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae)        - … – 4    - 4    - 0    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive
      • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering

(...)

___

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Wild Birds; Romania.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Poland [a #poultry #outbreak] (#OIE, Jan. 20 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Poland [a #poultry #outbreak].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry epizootics in Poland.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Poland

Information received on 20/01/2017 from Dr Krzysztof Jazdzewski, Deputy Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, General Veterinary Inspectorate, VARSOVIE, Poland

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 15
    • Date of start of the event    28/10/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    05/11/2016
    • Report date    20/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    20/01/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 60    - 14    - 14    - 34    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - 23.33%    - 23.33%    - 100.00%    - 80.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; Poland.

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#Macao, 2nd imported #human case of #H7N9 #influenza, current status (DoH, Jan. 20 ‘17)

 

Title: Macao, 2nd imported human case of H7N9 influenza, current status.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype, imported human case in Macao.

Source: Department of Health, Macao PRC SAR, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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(…)

Gripe Aviaria H7N9: CASO IMPORTADO EM MACAU

A paciente detectada com infecção humana por vírus da gripe aviária H7N9, no passado dia 12 de Janeiro, continua sujeita a isolamento voluntário na enfermaria do CHCSJ. O estado clínico é estável.

O estado de saúde das 45 pessoas com contacto próximo e 36 pessoas com contacto ocasional é também estável.

Não foi detectada nenhuma indisposição até ao momento.

Os Serviços de Saúde continuam a acompanhar o estado de saúde das pessoas que mantiveram contacto com caso importado de gripe aviária H7N9.

Os Serviços de Saúde têm mantido estreita comunicação com as entidades de saúde da China e das regiões vizinhas e com a Organização Mundial de Saúde, procedendo a uma estreita vigilância da situação epidemiológica de diversas regiões bem como têm desenvolvido a colaboração inter-serviços entre os sectores público e privado, de modo a enfrentar, de imediato, o eventual surgimento de surtos de vírus da gripe aviária H7N9, em Macau ou nas regiões vizinhas.

Perante as actuais condições os Serviços de Saúde prevêem que durante um período, na China, possam ocorrer mais casos de infecção humana pela gripe aviária H7N9, não excluindo, assim, a possibilidade de ocorrerem eventuais casos em Macau. Os Serviços de Saúde já solicitaram a todas as instituições de saúde e aos profissionais de saúde que prestem atenção especial a situações que possam ser consideradas como casos suspeitos e que procedam, de forma atempada à análise e encaminhamento das situações conforme previsto.

(…)

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Keywords: Macao SAR; Updates; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Human.

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#HK CHP notified of 84 new #human cases of #avian #influenza #H7N9 in #China (Jan. 20 ‘17)

 

Title: #HK CHP notified of 84 new #human cases of #avian #influenza #H7N9 in #China.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype, current epidemiological situation in China.

Source: Centre for Health Protection, Hong Kong PRC SAR, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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CHP notified of human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9) in Mainland

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The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health today (January 20) received notification from the National Health and Family Planning Commission that 84 additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9), including seven deaths, were recorded from January 1 to 15.

The CHP strongly urged the public to maintain strict personal, food and environmental hygiene both locally and during travel, in particular during the upcoming Lunar New Year holidays.

The 60 male and 24 female patients aged from 3 to 79 had their onset from December 13, 2016 to January 13, 2017.

The cases were from:

  • Jiangsu (34 cases),
  • Zhejiang (23 cases),
  • Anhui (14 cases),
  • Fujian (five cases) and
  • four cases each in Hunan and Jiangxi.

Among them, 28 reported exposure to poultry or poultry markets while the source of infection of 52 cases was still under investigation.

(…)

The public may visit the CHP's pages for more information:

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Ends/Friday, January 20, 2017 / Issued at HKT 22:58 / NNNN

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Keywords: HK PRC SAR; Updates; China; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Human.

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#HK, Suspected #MERS case reported (CHP, Jan. 20 ‘17)

 

Title: #HK, Suspected #MERS case reported.

Subject: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, suspected imported case in Hong Kong.

Source: Centre for Health Protection, Hong Kong PRC SAR, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Suspected MERS case reported

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The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health today (January 20) reported a suspected case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and again urged the public to pay special attention to safety during travel, taking due consideration of health risks of the places of visit.

The case is detailed below:

  • Sex – Female
  • Age – 32
  • Affected area involved - Dubai, United Arab Emirates
  • Risk exposure - With camel contact
  • Hospital - Queen Elizabeth Hospital
  • Condition – Stable
  • MERS-CoV preliminary test result – Negative

(…)

The public may visit the following pages for more information and health advice:

Tour leaders and tour guides operating overseas tours are advised to refer to the CHP's health advice on MERS.

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Ends/Friday, January 20, 2017 / Issued at HKT 18:00 / NNNN

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Keywords: HK PRC SAR; Updates; MERS-CoV.

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Sharp #rise in number of suspected #cholera cases in #Somalia (@WHO EMRO, Jan. 20 ‘17)

 

Title: Sharp #rise in number of suspected #cholera cases in #Somalia.

Subject: Cholera outbreak in Somalia.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO), Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Sharp rise in number of suspected cholera cases in Somalia

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18 January 2017

The Ministry of Health in Somalia has provided WHO with an update on the ongoing outbreak of cholera.

In the first 2 weeks of January 2017, a total of 1306 new suspected cases of cholera and 26 deaths (case-fatality rate: 1.99%) have been reported.

Between January and December 2016, a cumulative total of 15 619 suspected cases of cholera, including 531 associated deaths were reported, with a case-fatality rate of 3.4%. 

Of these, 80 cases were laboratory-confirmed for Vibrio cholerae. The majority of the new cases reported in 2017 were from Bay, Banadir, Middle Shabelle and Lower Shabelle regions.

The overall trend of incident cases and fatality rates showed steadily increase in the last few weeks.

Although the last 2 weeks period witnessed sharp increase in the total reported cases, the case-fatality rates dropped significantly from around 4% to 1.8%.

Nevertheless, the case-fatality rate is still above the standard threshold of 1%.

The expansion of prevention and control efforts has helped to improve the surveillance system and decrease the case-fatality rate substantially.

This outbreak add greater pressure on an already weakened health system which is also battling malnutrition, measles and other emerging diseases.

Somalia is currently experiencing severe drought with acute food insecurity, and water shortage. The level of the Shabelle and Juba Rivers are below average for this time of year, and many people living along the 2 rivers are finding difficult to access clean drinking-water.

Despite the rise in the number of suspected cases of cholera in south central Somalia, a multisectoral health and WASH cluster partners (comprising the Ministry of Health, WHO, UNICEF and nongovernmental organizations) is supporting response activities to the outbreak while coordination mechanisms at central and regional levels have improved.

The health cluster led by WHO, have distributed acute watery diarrhoea/cholera supplies to most of the affected regions.

Essential supplies such as IV fluids and oral rehydration solutions have been provided in affected communities. The cluster has also strengthened the capacity of local health workers through training on case management and infection control. The WASH cluster is supplying hygienic kits in addition of chlorination of water sources in all affected regions.

WHO has widely advocated for the use of oral cholera vaccine in Somalia’s context as part of the intervention package to contain the outbreak. The vaccine has been considered and the campaign will be conducted by February in targeting 7 hotspot areas.

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Keywords: Cholera; Somalia; WHO; Updates.

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