17 Sep 2014

#Australia, #Rabies-like #lyssavirus resurfaces in NT after 17 years (ABC, September 17 2014)

[Source: ABC, full page: (LINK).]

Rabies-like lyssavirus resurfaces in NT after 17 years [      ]

The deadly rabies-like lyssavirus has resurfaced in the Northern Territory after 17 years, prompting the authorities to warn residents to avoid contact with bats.

(…)

-

------

#Ebola #crisis: why #Obama is involving the #US (CSMonitor.com, September 17 2014)

[Source: Christian Science Monitor, full page: (LINK).]

Ebola crisis: why Obama is involving the US [      ]

By Howard LaFranchi, Staff writer September 16, 2014

Washington — President Obama’s deployment of 3,000 military personnel to West Africa to help tackle the Ebola outbreak fits in a growing pattern in recent years of using the military to address the world’s humanitarian catastrophes.

(…)

-

------

First domestic case of #chikungunya in #Brazil (Channel NewsAsia, September 17 2014)

[Source: Channel News Asia, full page: (LINK).]

First domestic case of chikungunya in Brazil [      ]

Brazil's authorities on Tuesday (Sep 16) reported the first domestically contracted cases of the mosquito-borne chikungunya virus, prompting the government to announce it was stepping up attempts to control the disease. 

(…)

-

------

#Liberia: 83 #Ebola #Victims Died In Three Weeks (AllAfrica News, September 17 2014)

[Source: All Africa News, full page: (LINK).]

Liberia: 83 Ebola Victims Died In Three Weeks [      ]

[NEWS]/The Ebola Treatment Unit (ETU) at the John F. Kennedy Medical Center (JFK) has recorded at least 83 Ebola deaths and 60 survivors over the last three weeks, a consultant of the World Health Organization (WHO) on Ebola Case Management has said.

(…)

-

-------

16 Sep 2014

Don't be scared, be #angry: the #politics and #ethics of #Ebola (Med J Aust., abstract, edited)

[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Med J Aust. 2014 Sep 15;201(6):352-354.

Don't be scared, be angry: the politics and ethics of Ebola. [      ]

Hooker LC1, Mayes C2, Degeling C2, Gilbert GL2, Kerridge IH2.

Author information: 1Centre for Values, Ethics and Law in Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. claire.hooker@sydney.edu.au. 2Centre for Values, Ethics and Law in Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

 

Abstract

The current outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa is the worst so far. The unprecedented extent of mortality and morbidity in this outbreak has followed more from imposition of neoliberal economic policies on the countries affected than from the biological virulence of Ebola virus. The lack of vaccines and medications for Ebola virus disease is evidence that markets cannot reliably supply treatments for epidemic diseases. We attribute the current difficulties in containment chiefly to the erosion or non-development of the health and medical infrastructure needed to respond effectively, as a direct result of market-privileging policies imposed in the interests of wealthy nations. These events and responses hold lessons for public health priorities in Australia.

PMID: 25222463 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

-

-------

#Thailand, Suspected #ebola #man in the clear (NationMultimedia.com, September 16 2014)

[Source: The Nation, full page: (LINK).]

Suspected ebola man in the clear [      ]

The second suspected case of Ebola in Thailand was cleared yesterday when a Dutch man's second blood test result cleared him from the deadly disease, Department of Medical Services health expert Dr Naruemol Sawanpanyalert said.

(…)

-

------

Why is #US deploying the #military to fight #Ebola? (CSMonitor.com, September 16 2014)

[Source: Christian Science Monitor, full page: (LINK).]

Why is US deploying the military to fight Ebola? [      ]

By Peter Grier, Staff writer September 16, 2014

Washington — The Obama administration is enlisting the US military in the fight against West Africa’s Ebola crisis.

(…)

-

------

#Macau, 7º Caso de Febre de #dengue importado na RAEM foi detectado num #turista proveniente de Xian da #China (DoH, September 16 2014)

[Source: Department of Health, Macau PRC SAR, full page: (LINK).]

7º Caso de Febre de dengue importado na RAEM foi detectado num turista proveniente de Xian da China [      ]

Um turista de 27 anos de idade, do sexo masculino, proveniente de Xian da China, foi hoje confirmado pelos Serviços de Saúde como o sétimo caso de febre de dengue importado registado na RAEM.

(…)

-

------

#US #CDC #Ebola Surge – 2014 (@CDCgov, September 16 2014, edited)

[Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, full page: (LINK).]

CDC Ebola Surge – 2014 [      ]

The 2014 Ebola outbreak is the largest in history and the first Ebola outbreak in West Africa. This outbreak is actually the first Ebola epidemic the world has ever known — affecting multiple countries in and around West Africa. Although the current epidemic does not pose a significant risk to the U.S. public, CDC is taking precautions at home in addition to its activities abroad.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) brings a rare skill to the this daunting public health challenge—nearly 40 years of fighting Ebola outbreaks in Africa. CDC’s elite force of virus hunters on the front lines is supported by specialized public health teams in the field and at the CDC Atlanta headquarters; together, they offer unrelenting help to save lives and protect people. CDC works closely with Ministries of Health and other partners.

CDC’s unparalleled knowledge of Ebola—how it spreads, how it kills, how to find it, and how to stop it—supports the World Health Organization’s growing West Africa Ebola response. Since July, the United States has escalated its support, with multiple U.S. government agencies joining other domestic and international partners, but more is needed.

“The sooner the world comes together to help West Africa, the safer we all will be. We know how to stop this outbreak. There is a window of opportunity to tamp this down—the challenge is to scale up the massive response needed to stop this outbreak.”  CDC Director, Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H, Sept. 2, 2014

CDC’s response to Ebola is the largest international outbreak response in CDC’s history.  Today, CDC has more than 100 disease detectives on the ground in West Africa, supported by hundreds of public health emergency response experts stateside. CDC teams are deployed from the CDC 24/7 Emergency Operations Center (EOC), activated at Level 1, its highest level, because of the significance of this outbreak. Each team is flexibly composed to match talents and expertise with critical needs in country:

  • CDC’s disease detectives find emerging cases to identify contacts and stop further transmission with isolation and improved infection control practices
  • CDC’s lab scientists diagnose Ebola cases and crack Ebola virus DNA codes to map outbreak connections
  • Outbreak control specialists find patterns of spread and population vulnerabilities so scarce resources can be deployed more efficiently
  • CDC’s Ebola outbreak veterans lead with expert guidance to national and international counterparts and new recruits in the Ebola fight
    Health risk communication specialists fight rumors, stigmatization and unsafe practices in real time

Emergency operations teams bring incident management expertise to organize complex efforts.

  • Establishing Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs).
    • CDC supports countries establish national and sub-national EOCs. All 3 West African countries at the center of the epidemic now have an Incident Manager, reporting to the President of the country, to lead efforts. 
  • Strengthening surveillance and epidemiology. 
    • CDC helps countries track the epidemic, including using real-time data to improve real-time response (e.g., identifying the epicenter and tracking the response).
  • Improving case finding and contact tracing.
    • CDC strengthens efforts in West Africa to investigate cases and track their contacts. CDC helps interview people who may have been in contact with Ebola patients to see if they have symptoms and monitor them for 21 days. A single missed contact can start another chain of transmission.
  • Supporting laboratory networks.
    • CDC is operating and supporting labs in the region to improve diagnosis. CDC is also testing samples from people with suspected Ebola from around the world, and, with Department of Defense support, helped 12 labs around the US gain the capacity to test for Ebola within hours.
  • Strengthening health care systems. 
    • CDC leads infection control training for health care workers and safe patient triage throughout the health care system, communities, and households.
  • Improving health communication. 
    • CDC health communicators and public health advisors in Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia are working with country embassies, UNICEF, WHO, MSF, other NGOs and Ministries of Health to improve health information.
  • Coordinating with partners and facilitating involvement by public health organizations around the world. 
    • CDC is working closely with USAID’s Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, to support the deployment of a Disaster Assistance Response Team.  CDC is also facilitating assistance by critical organizations such as the African Union, which will mobilize at least 150 staff (including doctors, nurses, epidemiologists and health educators) to support the response.  CDC also works closely with non-governmental organizations on many aspects of the response.
  • Advising travelers on how to protect their health and preventing sick travelers from getting on planes.
    • CDC works with airlines, airports, and Ministries of Health to provide technical assistance for exit screening and travel restrictions in affected areas to prevent sick travelers from getting on planes. CDC also works with airlines to address crew and airline staff concerns while ensuring that humanitarian and public health organizations can still travel to affected countries.
  • Increasing U.S. preparedness for Ebola.
    • CDC is educating U.S. health care providers to consider Ebola if symptoms are present within 3 weeks of a traveler returning from West Africa; issuing infection control guidance for hospitals to prevent further spread to health care workers and communities; strengthening laboratory networks and existing surveillance systems; and enhancing capabilities at U.S. points of entry.
  • Innovating.
    • CDC has confronted Ebola on its home turf since 1976, and each time, CDC’s innovative experts have adapted their tactics to the reality on the ground.
    • CDC is currently involved in ground-breaking activities, such as research on safe, more comfortable personal protective equipment; whole genome sequencing and analysis; monitoring for mutation patterns or changes in transmission; and supporting agencies conducting vaccine trials.
  • CDC Foundation.
    • The CDC Foundation is assisting CDC by providing critical assistance and supplies through donations to the Foundation’s Global Disaster Response Fund, which enables CDC staff to respond quickly to changing circumstances and needs.

###

 

-

-------

A #European-wide #response to the #Ebola #epidemic (#EC, September 16 2014)

[Source: European Commission, full PDF document: (LINK). Edited.]

Contacts :

  • Alexandre Polack (+32 2 299 06 77)
  • Maria Sanchez Aponte (+32 2 298 10 35)
  • David Sharrock (+32 2 296 89 09)
  • Irina Novakova (+32 2 295 75 17)
  • Frédéric Vincent (+32 2 298 71 66)
  • Aikaterini Apostola (+32 2 298 76 24)

For the public: Europe Direct by phone 00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11 or by e-mail

EUROPEAN COMMISSION // STATEMENT

Brussels, 15 September 2014

A European-wide response to the Ebola epidemic [      ]

Statement by EU Commissioner for Development, Andris Piebalgs, EU Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response, Kristalina Georgieva and EU Commissioner for Health, Tonio Borg, following the High Level Event to coordinate the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa:

The EU is gravely concerned by the Ebola epidemic in West Africa, where the situation continues to deteriorate. Our thoughts are with the victims, their families and the dedicated healthcare workers who are doing their utmost to fight the spread of the virus and take care of the victims.

Today, we have discussed with EU Ministers how to coordinate further steps in a European-wide response to the epidemic.

We call on EU Member States to continue and strengthen their support to the region in order to respond to pressing needs such as effective treatment centres, sufficient numbers of health workers, and ensuring macro-economic stability.

We will also do our utmost to align to the priorities identified and coordinated by the WHO. We support the shaping of a joint solution for medical repatriation co-ordinated at European level and appeal to Member States to share national capacity to this end.

The EU has increased its response on several occasions since the outbreak of the epidemic and has so far pledged almost €150 million to help the affected countries.

This includes ensuring treatment for infected patients and measures to contain the epidemic, as well as strengthening health care systems and improving food security, water and sanitation. EU mobile laboratories are deployed in the region to help with the diagnostics and confirmation of cases and train laboratory technicians.

Furthermore, Liberia and Sierra Leone will receive financial assistance through budget support to help them deliver health care services and bolster macro-economic stability in response to wider economic challenges arising from the crisis.

The EU is firmly committed to supporting the affected countries and their development in the immediate and longer-term. Today's meeting has reaffirmed our partnership and solidarity with West Africa. We also discussed actions to facilitate transport in and out of the region. We will continue to work with the UN to coordinate our actions by delivering an EU comprehensive response framework to the Ebola crisis.

Despite the low risk of the virus circulating within EU countries, the need to continue working on preparedness and coordination of risk management was also stressed.

-

-------