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#Avian #Influenza #H7N9 in #China: Preventing the Next #SARS (@WHO, Apr. 2 ‘17)

  Title : #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 in #China: Preventing the Next #SARS. Subject : Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype (Asian Lineage), poultry e...

22 May 2017

Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Egypt [six #poultry #outbreaks] (#OIE, May 22 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Egypt [six #poultry #outbreaks].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry epizootics in Egypt.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Egypt

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Information received on 22/05/2017 from Dr Ibrahim Mahrous Saleh Mohamed, Chairman, General Organization for Veterinary Services (GOVS), Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Cairo, Egypt

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 4
    • Date of start of the event    24/11/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    26/11/2016
    • Report date    22/05/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    22/05/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 6
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Killed and disposed of    -  Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 1344    - 203    - 129    - 1215    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - 15.10%    - 9.60%    - 63.55%    -  100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive


(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; Egypt.

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#Ebola Virus Disease – Democratic Republic of #Congo – #Situation #Report 7 – May 21 2017 (@WHO AFRO, edited)

 

Title: #Ebola Virus Disease – Democratic Republic of #Congo – #Situation #Report 7 – May 21 2017.

Subject: EVD outbreak in Dem. Rep. of Congo, current epidemiological situation.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO), Office for the Africa Region, full PDF file: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Ebola Virus Disease – Democratic Republic of Congo – Situation Report 7 – May 21 2017

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Keywords: WHO; Updates; Congo DR; Ebola.

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Low pathogenic #avian #influenza #H7, #Libya [a #poultry #outbreak] (#OIE, May 22 ‘17)


Title: Low pathogenic #avian #influenza #H7, #Libya [a #poultry #outbreak].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7Nx subtype, poultry epizootics in Libya.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Low pathogenic avian influenza H7, Libya

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Information received on 19/05/2017 from Dr Abdelghani Hamed, Chairman of the National Centre for Animal Health (NCAH) Chief Veterinary Officer, National Centre for Animal Health (NCAH), Public Authority of Agriculture, Livestock & Fisheries , Beida, Libya

  • Summary
    • Report type Immediate notification
    • Date of start of the event 08/05/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event 16/05/2017
    • Report date 19/05/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE 21/05/2017
    • Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence 06/2013
    • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    • Causal agent Low pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype H7
    • Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to the whole country
  • New outbreaks
    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 1
        • Outbreak Location  - GHARYAN ( Alsabta, Gharian-Abuzian )
      • Total animals affected:  Species -  Susceptible -  Cases -  Deaths -  Killed and disposed of – Slaughtered
        • Birds  -  20  -  **  -  1  -  19  -  0
      • Outbreak statistics:  Species -  Apparent morbidity rate -  Apparent mortality rate -  Apparent case fatality rate -  Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds -  ** -  5.00% -  ** -  100.00%
          • * Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter;
          • ** Not calculated because of missing information;
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Contact with wild species
  • Epidemiological comments
    • As part of general surveillance carried out for avian influenza in the whole country under FAO project, samples from domestic poultry farms were collected by the monitoring teams in the Western Mountains, about 97 samples of different mountain regions.
    • One sample was positive in Abuzian area.
    • Migratory birds were seen a month ago in the area.
  • Control measures
    • Measures applied
      • Screening
      • Quarantine
      • Stamping out
      • Zoning
      • Disinfection
      • Vaccination prohibited
      • No treatment of affected animals
    • Measures to be applied
      • No other measures
  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type -  National Central Veterinary Laboratory, Tripoli ( National laboratory )
      • Tests and results:  Species -  Test -  Test date -  Result
        • Birds -  antigen (Ag) detection ELISA -  16/05/2017 -  Positive
        • Birds -  real-time PCR -  16/05/2017 -  Positive
  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H7Nx ; Poultry; Libya.

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#DRC, #Monkeypox killed at least 5 people in #Tshuapa, #vaccination campagin to start soon (Radio Okapi, May 22 ‘17)

 

Title: #DRC, #Monkeypox killed at least 5 people in #Tshuapa, #vaccination campagin to start soon.

Subject: Monkeypox virus, human cases in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Source: Radio Okapi, full page: (LINK). Article in French, edited.

Code: [     ]

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Tshuapa : 3 000 agents de santé vaccinés contre le virus Monkey-pox

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Publié le lun, 22/05/2017 - 16:33 | Modifié le lun, 22/05/2017 - 16:33

Trois mille prestataires des soins de santé de la Tshuapa reçoivent depuis le 1er mai, le vaccin contre la variole du singe (Monkey-pox).

Le chef de division provinciale de la Santé, le Docteur Jean-Paul Mateta, a indiqué lundi 22 mai à Radio Okapi que cette vaccination vise les zones de santé de Boende, Wema et Bokungu, où 99 personnes présentent des lésions cutanées dues après avoir contracté cette maladie. Cinq personnes en sont mortes au premier trimestre 2017.

Selon lui, les agents de santé qui sont en contact quotidien avec des malades sont concernés par cette opération.

(…)

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- See more at: http://www.radiookapi.net/2017/05/22/actualite/sante/tshuapa-3-000-agents-de-sante-vaccines-contre-le-virus-monkey-pox#sthash.3qHJHwqC.dpuf

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Keywords: Congo DR; Monkeypox.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Russia [two #poultry #outbreaks] (#OIE, May 22 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Russia [two #poultry #outbreaks].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry epizootics in Russia.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Russia

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Information received on 22/05/2017 from Dr Evgeny Nepoklonov, Vice-minister, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 15
    • Date of start of the event    02/12/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    06/12/2016
    • Report date    22/05/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    22/05/2017
    • Reason for notification    Recurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence    07/11/2016
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 2
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    -Killed and disposed of     - Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 100    - 44    - 32    - 68    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: – Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - 44.00%    - 32.00%    - 72.73%    - 100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; Russia.

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#Avian #Influenza [#H5N1, #H5N6, #H7N9] – Weekly #Update No. 585 – May 19 2017 (@WHO WPRO, edited)

 

Title: #Avian #Influenza [#H5N1, #H5N6, #H7N9] – Weekly #Update No. 585 – May 19 2017.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5 & H7 subtypes, human cases in the Western Pacific Region of the WHO, weekly update.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO), Office for the Western Pacific Region, full PDF file: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Avian Influenza [H5N1, H5N6, H7N9] – Weekly Update No. 585 – May 19 2017

 

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Keywords: WHO; Updates; Asian Region; H7N9; H5N1; H5N6; Human; Avian Influenza.

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#Ebola Virus Disease – Democratic Republic of #Congo – #Situation #Report 6 – May 20 2017 (@WHO AFRO, edited)

 

Title: #Ebola Virus Disease – Democratic Republic of #Congo – #Situation #Report 6 – May 20 2017.

Subject: EVD outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo, current situation.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO), Office for Africa Region, full PDF file: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Ebola Virus Disease – Democratic Republic of Congo – Situation Report 6 – May 20 2017

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Keywords: WHO; Updates; Ebola; Congo DR.

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21 May 2017

#Influenza and other #Respiratory #Viruses #Research #References #Library–May 21 2017 Issue

 

Title: #Influenza and other #Respiratory #Viruses #Research #References #Library–May 21 2017 Issue.

Subject: Human and Animal Influenza Viruses, other respiratory pathogens research, weekly references library update.

Source: AMEDEO, homepage: (LINK).

Code: [  R  ]

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New References:

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  1. LIU S, Zhang L, Yao Z, Xing L, et al.
    • In vitro and in vivo characterization of a novel H1N1/2009 influenza virus reassortant with an NS gene from a highly pathogenic H5N1 virus, isolated from a human.
  2. ROOT JJ, Shriner SA, Ellis JW, VanDalen KK, et al.
    • Transmission of H6N2 wild bird-origin influenza A virus among multiple bird species in a stacked-cage setting.
  3. SPRECO A, Eriksson O, Dahlstrom O, Timpka T, et al.
    • Influenza detection and prediction algorithms: comparative accuracy trial in Ostergotland county, Sweden, 2008-2012.
  4. KOSARAJU R, Guesdon W, Crouch MJ, Teague HL, et al.
    • B Cell Activity Is Impaired in Human and Mouse Obesity and Is Responsive to an Essential Fatty Acid upon Murine Influenza Infection.
  5. XIANG B, Zhu W, You R, Chen L, et al.
  6. LEE N, Cao B, Ke C, Lu H, et al.
    • IFITM3, TLR3, and CD55 Genes SNPs and Cumulative Ge-netic Risks for Severe Outcomes in Chinese Patients with H7N9 / H1N1pdm09 Influenza.
  7. PEREIRA CF, Read EKC, Wise HM, Amorim MJ, et al.
    • The influenza A virus NS1 protein promotes efficient nuclear export of unspliced viral M1 mRNA.
  8. BELSER JA, Pulit-Penaloza JA, Sun X, Brock N, et al.
    • A novel A(H7N2) influenza virus isolated from a veterinarian caring for cats in a New York City animal shelter causes mild disease and transmits poorly in the ferret model.
  9. ZHANG Z, Dong Z, Wei Q, Carr MJ, et al.
    • A Neonatal Murine Model of Coxsackievirus A6 Infection for Evaluation of Antiviral and Vaccine Efficacy.
  10. GUEDAN A, Swieboda D, Charles M, Toussaint M, et al.
  11. WATTERS K, Inankur B, Gardiner JC, Warrick J, et al.
  12. SCHNEIDER-OHRUM K, Cayatte C, Snell Bennett A, Manohar Rajani G, et al.
    • Immunization with low doses of recombinant post-fusion or pre-fusion RSV F primes for vaccine-enhanced disease in the cotton rat model independent of the presence of a Th1-biasing (GLA-SE) or Th2-biasing (Alum) adjuvant.
  13. ZHAO D, Liang L, Wang S, Nakao T, et al.
    • Glycosylation of the Hemagglutinin Protein of H5N1 Influenza Virus Increases Its Virulence in Mice by Exacerbating the Host Immune Response.
  14. PALMENBERG AC.
  15. LEWIS-ROGERS N, Seger J, Adler FR.
  16. TIAN B, Yang J, Zhao Y, Ivanciuc T, et al.
    • BRD4 Couples NF-kappaB/RelA with Airway Inflammation and the IRF-RIG-I Amplification Loop in Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection.
  17. LONE NA, Spackman E, Kapczynski D.
    • Immunologic evaluation of 10 different adjuvants for use in vaccines for chickens against highly pathogenic avian influenza virus.

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Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Influenza References Library.

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#Ebola in #DRC: #Wapinda health zone fears spillover of cases from #Likati (Radio Okapi, May 21 ‘17)

 

Title: #Ebola in #DRC: #Wapinda health zone fears spillover of cases from #Likati.

Subject: Ebola Virus Disease outbreak in Dem. Rep. of Congo, suspected cases in Wapinda health zone.

Source: Radio Okapi, full page: (LINK). Article in French, edited.

Code: [     ]

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Ebola : des craintes sur une éventuelle extension de l’épidémie a Wapinda

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Publié le dim, 21/05/2017 - 10:41 | Modifié le dim, 21/05/2017 - 10:41

La Division provinciale de santé du Nord-Ubangi annoncé, samedi 20 mai, avoir renforcé la surveillance épidémiologique à la zone de santé de Wapinda, située à 2 km de la zone de santé de Likati au Bas-Uélé où l’épidémie d’Ebola a été déclarée.

La proximité et le flux migratoire entre les deux provinces, font craindre une éventuelle extension de l’épidémie, indique le Dr Davos Davene, le chef de division provinciale de la santé Nord-Ubangi.

(…)

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- See more at: http://www.radiookapi.net/2017/05/21/actualite/sante/ebola-des-craintes-sur-une-eventuelle-extension-de-lepidemie-wapinda#sthash.BoLLEGbF.dpuf

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Keywords: Ebola; DRC.

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#Cholera in #Yemen, Weekly #update - 20 May 2017 (@WHO EMRO)

 

Title: #Cholera in #Yemen, Weekly #update - 20 May 2017.

Subject: Cholera outbreak in Yemen, current epidemiological situation.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO), Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Cholera in Yemen, Weekly update - 20 May 2017

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20 May 2017

The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has released updated numbers of cholera cases in the country. Since the last update on 27 April, 23 425 new suspected cases of cholera and 242 related deaths (case-fatality rate 1.1%) have been reported, mainly from Amran, Hajjah and Sana’a governorates and Sana’a city.

A cumulative total of 49 495 suspected cases of cholera, including 362 associated deaths have been reported across the country since the outbreak started in October 2016.

However, between 27 April and 18 May 2017, there has been a significant upsurge in the number of suspected cholera cases.

The outbreak has spread to around 210 districts in 18 governorates across the country, and the case fatality rate has exceeded 1%.

WHO has intensified the cholera response activities to mitigate the outbreak, including the establishment of 4 cholera treatment and 16 oral dehydration centres, training of health workers to manage the cases, deployment of rapid response team to manage cholera cases investigations and respond to the outbreak, enhancement of Yemen’s disease early warning surveillance systems, and provision of emergency medical supplies to treatment facilities.

The ongoing response operations are severely hampered by limited active case-finding, population movement and displacement, poor accesses to health care services, food insecurity and malnutrition.

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Keywords: WHO; Updates; Cholera; Yemen.

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