9 Oct 2015

#Vietnam, #Poultry with A/ #H5N6 [#birdflu #virus] destroyed in Lai Chau Province (VNN, October 9 2015)

[Source: Vietnam News, full page: (LINK).]

Poultry with A/H5N6 destroyed in Lai Chau Province [      ]

More than 1,200 poultry infected with A/H5N6 have been destroyed after two outbreaks in this northern mountain province's two communes of Son Binh and Binh Luc.



Keywords: Vietnan; H5N6; Avian Influenza; Poultry.


#France, #Canicule. 3300 #décès supplémentaires cet été, selon l' #InVS (Ouest France, October 9 2015)

[Source: Ouest France, full page: (LINK).]

Canicule. 3300 décès supplémentaires cet été, selon l'InVS [   !   ]

« Au total, il a été estimé un excès de 3 300 décès (+6,5 %) sur la période des trois épisodes entre le 29 juin et le 9 août » indique l'InVS. La grande canicule de 2003, du 4 au 18 août, s'était traduite par un bilan nettement plus lourd avec 15 000 décès supplémentaires (55 % de plus par...



Keywords: France; Extreme Weather; Heatwave.


#Effectiveness of Personal #Protective #Equipment for #Healthcare #Workers Caring for #Patients with #Filovirus #Disease: A Rapid Review (Plos One, abstract, edited)

[Source: Plos One, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Open Access / Peer-reviewed / Research Article

Effectiveness of Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Workers Caring for Patients with Filovirus Disease: A Rapid Review [      ]

Mona Hersi,  Adrienne Stevens,  Pauline Quach,  Candyce Hamel,  Kednapa Thavorn,  Chantelle Garritty,  Becky Skidmore,  … Constanza Vallenas,  Susan L. Norris,  Matthias Egger

Published: October 9, 2015 / DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0140290




A rapid review, guided by a protocol, was conducted to inform development of the World Health Organization’s guideline on personal protective equipment in the context of the ongoing (2013–present) Western African filovirus disease outbreak, with a focus on health care workers directly caring for patients with Ebola or Marburg virus diseases.


Electronic databases and grey literature sources were searched. Eligibility criteria initially included comparative studies on Ebola and Marburg virus diseases reported in English or French, but criteria were expanded to studies on other viral hemorrhagic fevers and non-comparative designs due to the paucity of studies. After title and abstract screening (two people to exclude), full-text reports of potentially relevant articles were assessed in duplicate. Fifty-seven percent of extraction information was verified. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation framework was used to inform the quality of evidence assessments.


Thirty non-comparative studies (8 related to Ebola virus disease) were located, and 27 provided data on viral transmission. Reporting of personal protective equipment components and infection prevention and control protocols was generally poor.


Insufficient evidence exists to draw conclusions regarding the comparative effectiveness of various types of personal protective equipment. Additional research is urgently needed to determine optimal PPE for health care workers caring for patients with filovirus.


Citation: Hersi M, Stevens A, Quach P, Hamel C, Thavorn K, Garritty C, et al. (2015) Effectiveness of Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Workers Caring for Patients with Filovirus Disease: A Rapid Review. PLoS ONE 10(10): e0140290. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140290

Editor: Jens H. Kuhn, Division of Clinical Research, UNITED STATES

Received: July 16, 2015; Accepted: September 23, 2015; Published: October 9, 2015

Copyright: © 2015 Hersi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Data Availability: All relevant data are contained within the paper and its Supporting Information files.

Funding: The work was supported by General World Health Organization funds (no grant number), received by DM. MH, AS, PQ, CH, KT, CG, and BS were paid from a grant. The research question and protocol were developed by the authors, which included employees of WHO. WHO co-authors were involved in the study design, the interpretation of the data, review of the manuscript, and the decision to submit the paper for publication. Co-authors employed by WHO were not involved in the identification or extraction of data from included studies. Other members of WHO also reviewed the submitted manuscript.

Competing interests: The authors have the following interests: MF reports other financial support from World Health Organization – GOARN (Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network) and personal fees from World Health Organization outside the submitted work. There are no patents, products in development or marketed products to declare. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials as detailed online in the guide for authors.


Keywords: Research; Abstract; Filovirus; Ebola; Marburg.


#UNICEF and #WHO ready to #support immediate #polio #vaccination #campaign in #Ukraine (@WHO EURO, October 9 2015)

[Source: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe, full page: (LINK).]

UNICEF and WHO ready to support immediate polio vaccination campaign in Ukraine [      ]

UNICEF and WHO are concerned that no children have been vaccinated six weeks after a polio outbreak was confirmed in Ukraine and call for the immediate start of the vaccination campaign to stop it. A further delay puts 1.8 million children's lives at risk and threatens the polio-free status of Europe.



Keywords: Ukraine; WHO; Updates; Poliomyelitis; Vaccines.


#China, #Zhejiang reported first #human #case of #H7N9 #avian #influenza #virus #infection of the season (Taipei CDC, October 9 2015, edited)

[Source: Taiwan Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), full page: (LINK). Automatic translation, edited.]

#China, #Zhejiang reported first #human #case of #H7N9 #avian #influenza #virus #infection of the season [      ]


The CDC reported on October 5 that Chinese mainland health authorities confirmed in Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province a human H7N9 flu confirmed case.

The patients is a 62 year old woman, two weeks before the onset of a history of exposure to poultry, currently serious condition, are in active treatment.

The case is the first of the season. Tourism Department announced the outbreak recommend upgrading to a warning ( Alert ) level.



Keywords: Taiwan; China; Zhejiang; Updates; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Human.


#WestNile #fever #maps–#Situation #update: 9 October 2015 (@ECDC_EU, summary, edited)

[Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full page: (LINK). Summary.]

West Nile fever maps  - Situation update: 2 October 2015 [      ]

As of 8 October 2015, 96 cases of West Nile fever in humans have been reported in the EU Member States and 105 cases in the neighboring countries, since the beginning of the 2015 transmission season.

During the past week, Bulgaria reported a case from the newly affected area of Sofia, a district surrounding the already affected area of Sofia-stolitsa.

France reported its first human case, a confirmed case detected in the department of Gard.

Italy reported seven new cases from already affected provinces (Cremona 2, Mantova 2, Modena 1, Pavia 2).

In neighbouring countries, Serbia reported eight new cases, five from the already affected areas (Grad Beograd 4; South Banat 1) and three from the newly affected districts of Pcinjski, South Backi and Sremski.

In addition, new infections in horses have been detected in the autonomous communities of Andalusia and Extremadura, Spain.


High resolution maps:



Keywords: ECDC; European Region; Updates; West Nile Fever; Italy; France; Spain; Human; Horses; Bulgaria; Serbia.


#Réactivation du #virus #Ebola chez une #infirmière #britannique (Le Monde, October 9 2015)

[Source: Le Monde, full page: (LINK).]

Réactivation du virus Ebola chez une infirmière britannique [      ]

C’est seulement le deuxième cas de réactivation d’Ebola, le second étant un survivant dont l’œil est passé de bleu à vert à cause d’une infection persistante.



Keywords: Ebola; Ebola-Makona; UK.


#Nigerian at center of #Ebola #scare did not have the #virus: #WHO (Channel News Asia, October 9 2015)

[Source: Channel News Asia, full page: (LINK).]

Nigerian at center of Ebola scare did not have the virus: WHO [      ]

A person who died in a suspected case of Ebola in Nigeria, triggering a scare and the quarantine of 10 others, did not have the deadly virus, World Health Organization spokesman Gregory Hartl said by email on Friday.



Keywords: Ebola; Nigeria.


#Nigeria: Nigerian #Government Denies #Reports of Fresh #Ebola #Outbreak (AllAfrica News, October 9 2015)

[Source: All Africa News, full page: (LINK).]

Nigeria: Nigerian Govt Denies Reports of Fresh Ebola Outbreak [      ]

[Premium Times] Contrary to claims of an Ebola outbreak in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria is still a World Health Organization-certified Ebola free country, the Federal Ministry of Health has said.



Keywords: Ebola; Nigeria.


#Guinea, #Ebola : #point de #situation au 9 octobre 2015 (French Embassy, extract)

[Source: French Embassy in Guinea, full page: (LINK). Extract.]

Ebola : point de situation au 9 octobre 2015 [      ]

Une épidémie de fièvre hémorragique virale Ebola sévit actuellement en Guinée et en Sierra Leone. En Guinée, plus de 3 500 cas ont été enregistrés depuis le début de l’épidémie. Malgré un déclin de la virulence de l’épidémie en Guinée, tout projet de déplacement, notamment professionnel, doit continuer de faire l’objet d’un contact préalable avec l’ambassade de France en Guinée.



  • Nouveaux cas enregistrés depuis le dernier bilan du 8 octobre (évolution sur 1 jours) :
    • 0 nouveau cas,
    • 0 nouveau décès.
      • Source OMS (SITREP du 07/10/2015).
  • Bilan Global :
    • 3344 cas confirmés,
    • 2081 décès confirmés répartis comme suit :
      • Conakry (572 cas, 284 décès) ;
      • Guéckédou (270 cas, 204 décès) ;
      • Macenta (717 cas, 474 décès) ;
      • Dabola (8 cas, 8 décès) ;
      • Kissidougou (100 cas, 71 décès) ;
      • Telimélé (40 cas, 17 décès) ;
      • Boffa (36 cas, 26 décès) ;
      • Kouroussa (18 cas, 11 décès) ;
      • Siguiri (26 cas, 16 décès) ;
      • Pita (7 cas, 3 décès) ;
      • N’Zérékoré (213 cas, 138 décès) ;
      • Yomou (11 cas, 5 décès) ;
      • Dubréka (147 cas, 88 décès) ;
      • Forécariah (427 cas, 282 décès) ;
      • Kérouané (160 cas, 97 décès) ;
      • Coyah (237 cas, 132 décès),
      • Dalaba (9 cas, 2 décès) ;
      • Beyla (47 cas, 28 décès) ;
      • Kindia (78 cas, 50 décès) ;
      • Lola (93 cas, 66 décès) ;
      • Boké (32 cas, 18 décès) ;
      • Mali (5 cas, 3 décès) ;
      • Faranah (46 cas, 31 décès) ;
      • Kankan (31 cas, 20 décès) ;
      • Fria (12 cas, 5 décès) ;
      • Tougué (2 cas, 1 décès)



Keywords: Ebola; Ebola-Makona; France; Guinea; Updates.